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Aliases for NLRP12 Gene

Aliases for NLRP12 Gene

  • NLR Family Pyrin Domain Containing 12 2 3 5
  • Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization Domain, Leucine Rich Repeat And Pyrin Domain Containing 12 2 3
  • PYRIN-Containing APAF1-Like Protein 7 3 4
  • Regulated By Nitric Oxide 3 4
  • NALP12 3 4
  • PYPAF7 3 4
  • RNO 3 4
  • NACHT, LRR And PYD Domains-Containing Protein 12 3
  • NACHT, Leucine Rich Repeat And PYD Containing 12 2
  • Monarch 1 3
  • Monarch-1 4
  • CLR19.3 3
  • FCAS2 3
  • PAN6 3
  • RNO2 3

External Ids for NLRP12 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NLRP12 Gene

  • NALP12

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NLRP12 Gene

  • GC19M058989
  • GC19M054296
  • GC19M050616

Summaries for NLRP12 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NLRP12 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the CATERPILLER family of cytoplasmic proteins. The encoded protein, which contains an N-terminal pyrin domain, a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain, and a C-terminus leucine-rich repeat region, functions as an attenuating factor of inflammation by suppressing inflammatory responses in activated monocytes. Mutations in this gene cause familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome type 2. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]

GeneCards Summary for NLRP12 Gene

NLRP12 (NLR Family Pyrin Domain Containing 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NLRP12 include Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome 2 and Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway and Nucleotide-binding Oligomerization Domain (NOD) pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase activator activity involved in apoptotic process. An important paralog of this gene is NLRP3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NLRP12 Gene

  • May mediate activation of CASP1 via ASC and promote activation of NF-kappa-B via IKK.

Gene Wiki entry for NLRP12 Gene

Additional gene information for NLRP12 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NLRP12 Gene

Genomics for NLRP12 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for NLRP12 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for NLRP12 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19J053823 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 650.7 +0.0 49 1.7 SMARCE1 SP5 HLF CEBPB MAX CEBPG ATF4 CTBP1 IKZF1 VEZF1 NLRP12 GC19P054012
GH19J053834 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 650.4 -9.9 -9919 0.1 NLRP12 GC19P054029
GH19J054199 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 -381.3 -381307 12.1 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 RPS9 PRPF31 LENG8 CNOT3 LENG8-AS1 ZNF525 ZNF845 ENSG00000235681 LILRB5 ZNF765
GH19J054018 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 -196.7 -196714 6.8 PKNOX1 ATF1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A GTF3C2 TCF12 ZNF143 ATF7 SP5 CNOT3 LILRB3 ZNF845 ZNF525 ENSG00000235681 ENSG00000267265 LENG8-AS1 LENG8 ZNF765 PRPF31
GH19J053864 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 3 -44.5 -44511 9.8 HDGF FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 MYADM LOC105372457 ENSG00000269001 ZNF845 ZNF765 ZNF816 LENG8 ENSG00000235681 ZNF813 TPM3P6
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around NLRP12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NLRP12 gene promoter:
  • En-1
  • AML1a
  • Arnt
  • Max
  • c-Myc
  • STAT5A
  • USF1
  • USF-1
  • CUTL1
  • STAT5B

Genomic Locations for NLRP12 Gene

Genomic Locations for NLRP12 Gene
30,820 bases
Minus strand
30,811 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NLRP12 Gene

Genes around NLRP12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NLRP12 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NLRP12 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NLRP12 Gene

Proteins for NLRP12 Gene

  • Protein details for NLRP12 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 12
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8MTQ2
    • B3KTE7
    • Q8NEU4
    • Q9BY26

    Protein attributes for NLRP12 Gene

    1061 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    120173 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds to ASC with its pyrin domain. Interacts with FAF1 UBA domain via its pyrin domain.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NLRP12 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for NLRP12 Gene

neXtProt entry for NLRP12 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NLRP12 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NLRP12 Gene

Domains & Families for NLRP12 Gene

Gene Families for NLRP12 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NLRP12 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the NLRP family.
  • Belongs to the NLRP family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NLRP12: view

Function for NLRP12 Gene

Molecular function for NLRP12 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May mediate activation of CASP1 via ASC and promote activation of NF-kappa-B via IKK.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By nitric oxide and DMSO in HL-60 cells, an acute myeloid leukemia cell line.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NLRP12 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NLRP12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA,IPI 12019269
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0008656 cysteine-type endopeptidase activator activity involved in apoptotic process NAS 12019269
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NLRP12: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NLRP12: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for NLRP12 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for NLRP12 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NLRP12:

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NLRP12 Gene

Localization for NLRP12 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NLRP12 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NLRP12 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NLRP12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 NOT nucleus IDA 12019269
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA,IEA 12019269
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NLRP12: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for NLRP12 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NLRP12 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NLRP12: view

Pathways by source for NLRP12 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for NLRP12 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for NLRP12 Gene
1 R&D Systems pathway for NLRP12 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NLRP12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001817 regulation of cytokine production IBA --
GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process NAS 12019269
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IBA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction NAS 12019269
GO:0009968 negative regulation of signal transduction IDA 16203735
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NLRP12: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for NLRP12 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NLRP12 Gene

(6) Drugs for NLRP12 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(2) Additional Compounds for NLRP12 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NLRP12: view

Transcripts for NLRP12 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NLRP12 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NLRP12 Gene

NLR family, pyrin domain containing 12:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NLRP12 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b
SP3: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for NLRP12 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NLRP12 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NLRP12 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NLRP12 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x47.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NLRP12 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (66.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for NLRP12 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NLRP12 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NLRP12 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NLRP12 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NLRP12 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Detected only in peripheral blood leukocytes, predominantly in eosinophils and granulocytes, and at lower levels in monocytes.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NLRP12 Gene

  • Lung(5)
  • Blood(4.3)
  • Kidney(2.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NLRP12 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • head
  • meninges
  • mouth
  • neck
  • liver
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NLRP12: view

Orthologs for NLRP12 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NLRP12 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NLRP12 34 33
  • 99.12 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100855742 33
  • 83.02 (n)
-- 34
  • 82 (a)
-- 34
  • 80 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NLRP12 34 33
  • 80.66 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nlrp12 33
  • 77.51 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nlrp12 16 34 33
  • 76.31 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NLRP12 34
  • 64 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NLRP12 34
  • 53 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 34
  • 34 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 34 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:ch211-66k16.2 34
  • 27 (a)
CU693495.1 34
  • 24 (a)
nlrb5 34
  • 24 (a)
CABZ01071909.1 34
  • 18 (a)
si:ch211-66k16.28 34
  • 17 (a)
CABZ01068060.1 34
  • 16 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NLRP12 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NLRP12 Gene

Gene Tree for NLRP12 (if available)
Gene Tree for NLRP12 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for NLRP12: view image

Paralogs for NLRP12 Gene

(14) SIMAP similar genes for NLRP12 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

  • C9JK73_HUMAN
  • F5H0E4_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NLRP12: view

Variants for NLRP12 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NLRP12 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1021220961 uncertain-significance, Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 53,793,647(-) C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, downstream_transcript_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant
rs10409778 benign, Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 53,793,783(-) C/A 3_prime_UTR_variant, downstream_transcript_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant
rs10410581 benign, Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 53,793,980(-) G/C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs104895564 pathogenic, not-provided, Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 2, not provided 53,810,809(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs104895565 pathogenic, not-provided, Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 2, not provided 53,809,585(-) A/AA/AAA splice_donor_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NLRP12 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1103808 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2666040 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2718812 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3556599 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3644773 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1058969 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1064558 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1114031 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1116347 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv458781 CNV gain 19166990
nsv580108 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for NLRP12 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 69.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 11.08; 92.20% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NLRP12 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NLRP12 Gene

Disorders for NLRP12 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for NLRP12 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 2
  • fcas2
familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome
  • fcas
x-linked congenital stationary night blindness
  • night blindness, congenital stationary, type 2a
childhood-onset schizophrenia
  • childhood schizophrenia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 2 (FCAS2) [MIM:611762]: A rare autosomal dominant systemic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of maculopapular rash associated with arthralgias, myalgias, fever and chills, swelling of the extremities, and conjunctivitis after generalized exposure to cold. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18230725}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for NLRP12

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NLRP12: view

No data available for Genatlas for NLRP12 Gene

Publications for NLRP12 Gene

  1. NALPs: a novel protein family involved in inflammation. (PMID: 12563287) Tschopp J … Burns K (Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology 2003) 2 3 4 58
  2. PYPAF7, a novel PYRIN-containing Apaf1-like protein that regulates activation of NF-kappa B and caspase-1-dependent cytokine processing. (PMID: 12019269) Wang L … Bertin J (The Journal of biological chemistry 2002) 2 3 4 58
  3. The NLRP12 pyrin domain: structure, dynamics, and functional insights. (PMID: 21978668) Pinheiro AS … Peti W (Journal of molecular biology 2011) 3 4 58
  4. The genetics of NOD-like receptors in Crohn's disease. (PMID: 20403135) Cummings JR … Jewell DP (Tissue antigens 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Variation at the NFATC2 locus increases the risk of thiazolidinedione-induced edema in the Diabetes REduction Assessment with ramipril and rosiglitazone Medication (DREAM) study. (PMID: 20628086) Bailey SD … DREAM investigators (Diabetes care 2010) 3 44 58

Products for NLRP12 Gene

Sources for NLRP12 Gene

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