Aliases for PLCZ1 Gene
External Ids for PLCZ1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCZ1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C family. Members in this family, classified into six isotypes that are tissue- and organ-specific, hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate just before the phosphate group to yield diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. This protein localizes to the acrosome in spermatozoa and elicits Ca(2+) oscillations and egg activation during fertilization that leads to early embryonic development. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]
GeneCards Summary for PLCZ1 Gene
PLCZ1 (Phospholipase C Zeta 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCZ1 include Spermatogenic Failure 17 and Varicocele. Among its related pathways are superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds and G-AlphaQ Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phosphoric diester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCD4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCZ1 Gene
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. In vitro, hydrolyzes PtdIns(4,5)P2 in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Triggers intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations in oocytes solely during M phase and is involved in inducing oocyte activation and initiating embryonic development up to the blastocyst stage. Is therefore a strong candidate for the egg-activating soluble sperm factor that is transferred from the sperm into the egg cytoplasm following gamete membrane fusion. May exert an inhibitory effect on phospholipase-C-coupled processes that depend on calcium ions and protein kinase C, including CFTR trafficking and function.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.