Aliases for GCM1 Gene
External Ids for GCM1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GCM1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GCM1 Gene
This gene encodes a DNA-binding protein with a gcm-motif (glial cell missing motif). The encoded protein is a homolog of the Drosophila glial cells missing gene (gcm). This protein binds to the GCM-motif (A/G)CCCGCAT, a novel sequence among known targets of DNA-binding proteins. The N-terminal DNA-binding domain confers the unique DNA-binding activity of this protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GCM1 Gene
GCM1 (Glial Cells Missing Homolog 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Human Early Embryo Development and Parathyroid hormone synthesis, secretion and action. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is GCM2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCM1 Gene
Transcription factor involved in the control of expression of placental growth factor (PGF) and other placenta-specific genes (PubMed:10542267, PubMed:18160678). Binds to the trophoblast-specific element 2 (TSE2) of the aromatase gene enhancer (PubMed:10542267). Binds to the SYDE1 promoter (PubMed:27917469). Has a central role in mediating the differentiation of trophoblast cells along both the villous and extravillous pathways in placental development (PubMed:19219068).