Aliases for KCNAB2 Gene
External Ids for KCNAB2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KCNAB2 Gene
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels represent the most complex class of voltage-gated ion channels from both functional and structural standpoints. Their diverse functions include regulating neurotransmitter release, heart rate, insulin secretion, neuronal excitability, epithelial electrolyte transport, smooth muscle contraction, and cell volume. Four sequence-related potassium channel genes - shaker, shaw, shab, and shal - have been identified in Drosophila, and each has been shown to have human homolog(s). This gene encodes a member of the potassium channel, voltage-gated, shaker-related subfamily. This member is one of the beta subunits, which are auxiliary proteins associating with functional Kv-alpha subunits. This member alters functional properties of the KCNA4 gene product. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]
GeneCards Summary for KCNAB2 Gene
KCNAB2 (Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily A Regulatory Beta Subunit 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KCNAB2 include Chromosome 1P36 Deletion Syndrome and Episodic Ataxia, Type 1. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include voltage-gated potassium channel activity and aldo-keto reductase (NADP) activity. An important paralog of this gene is KCNAB1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KCNAB2 Gene
Cytoplasmic potassium channel subunit that modulates the characteristics of the channel-forming alpha-subunits (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Contributes to the regulation of nerve signaling, and prevents neuronal hyperexcitability (By similarity). Promotes expression of the pore-forming alpha subunits at the cell membrane, and thereby increases channel activity (By similarity). Promotes potassium channel closure via a mechanism that does not involve physical obstruction of the channel pore (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Promotes KCNA4 channel closure (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Modulates the functional properties of KCNA5 (By similarity). Enhances KCNB2 channel activity (By similarity). Binds NADPH and has NADPH-dependent aldoketoreductase activity (By similarity). Has broad substrate specificity and can catalyze the reduction of methylglyoxal, 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, prostaglandin J2, 4-nitrobenzaldehyde, 4-nitroacetophenone and 4-oxo-trans-2-nonenal (in vitro) (By similarity).
Voltage-gated potassium channels (KV) belong to the 6-TM family of potassium channel that also comprises the Ca2+-activated Slo (actually 7-TM) and the Ca2+-activated SK subfamilies. The alpha-subunits contain a single pore-forming region and combine to form tetramers.