Aliases for RSPO3 Gene
External Ids for RSPO3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for RSPO3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RSPO3 Gene
This gene belongs to the R-spondin family. The encoded protein plays a role in the regulation of Wnt (wingless-type MMTV integration site family)/beta-catenin and Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathways, which are involved in development, cell growth and disease pathogenesis. Genome-wide association studies suggest a correlation of this gene with bone mineral density and risk of fracture. This gene may be involved in tumor development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]
GeneCards Summary for RSPO3 Gene
RSPO3 (R-Spondin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by Wnt and mTOR signaling pathway (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and G-protein coupled receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is RSPO1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RSPO3 Gene
Activator of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway by acting as a ligand for LGR4-6 receptors, which acts as a key regulator of angiogenesis. Upon binding to LGR4-6 (LGR4, LGR5 or LGR6), LGR4-6 associate with phosphorylated LRP6 and frizzled receptors that are activated by extracellular Wnt receptors, triggering the canonical Wnt signaling pathway to increase expression of target genes. Also regulates the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin-dependent pathway and non-canonical Wnt signaling by acting as an inhibitor of ZNRF3, an important regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway. Acts as a ligand for frizzled FZD8 and LRP6. May negatively regulate the TGF-beta pathway (PubMed:21727895, PubMed:21909076, PubMed:22615920). Acts as a key regulator of angiogenesis by controlling vascular stability and pruning: acts by activating the non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway in endothelial cells (By similarity).