Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for FAT4 Gene

Aliases for FAT4 Gene

  • FAT Atypical Cadherin 4 2 3 5
  • Cadherin-Related Family Member 11 2 3
  • Fat-Like Cadherin Protein FAT-J 3 4
  • FAT Tumor Suppressor Homolog 4 3 4
  • Cadherin Family Member 14 3 4
  • CDHF14 3 4
  • FATJ 3 4
  • FAT Tumor Suppressor Homolog 4 (Drosophila) 2
  • Putative Protein Product Of Nbla00548 3
  • Protocadherin Fat 4 3
  • NBLA00548 3
  • CDHR11 3
  • HKLLS2 3
  • VMLDS2 3
  • FAT-J 3
  • HFat4 4

External Ids for FAT4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FAT4 Gene

  • GC00U912751
  • GC04P126673
  • GC04P126534
  • GC04P126457
  • GC04P126237
  • GC04P121965

Summaries for FAT4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FAT4 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protocadherin family. This gene may play a role in regulating planar cell polarity (PCP). Studies in mice suggest that loss of PCP signaling may cause cystic kidney disease, and mutations in this gene have been associated with Van Maldergem Syndrome 2. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]

GeneCards Summary for FAT4 Gene

FAT4 (FAT Atypical Cadherin 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FAT4 include Van Maldergem Syndrome 2 and Hennekam Lymphangiectasia-Lymphedema Syndrome 2. Among its related pathways are Hippo signaling pathway - multiple species. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is FAT1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAT4 Gene

  • Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. FAT4 plays a role in the maintenance of planar cell polarity as well as in inhibition of YAP1-mediated neuroprogenitor cell proliferation and differentiation (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for FAT4 Gene

Additional gene information for FAT4 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FAT4 Gene

Genomics for FAT4 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for FAT4 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for FAT4 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH04J125313 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 650.7 +0.3 284 4.9 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF143 FAT4 GC04P125363
GH04J125387 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +73.7 73714 3.2 SP1 ZNF146 JUND POLR2A JUN ZNF580 FOSL2 FOS EP300 FAT4 GC04P125393 ENSG00000201297
GH04J125314 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 0.7 -2.3 -2266 0.2 SOX13 CTCF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B ERF RAD21 ZNF205 TEAD3 CC2D1A FAT4 GC04P125141
GH04J125323 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +8.2 8174 1.1 PKNOX1 ZNF10 FEZF1 TSHZ1 ZEB2 EP300 ZNF843 RAD21 JUND PRDM6 FAT4 GC04P125363
GH04J125321 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +6.7 6704 1.6 ZNF664 JUND PKNOX1 PRDM6 PRDM10 PRDM4 MAFK FAT4 GC04P125363
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around FAT4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the FAT4 gene promoter:
  • YY1
  • Egr-1
  • HOXA9B
  • MyoD
  • HFH-1
  • Gfi-1
  • HOXA9
  • HTF
  • Meis-1
  • Meis-1b

Genomic Locations for FAT4 Gene

Genomic Locations for FAT4 Gene
177,036 bases
Plus strand
176,534 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for FAT4 Gene

Genes around FAT4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FAT4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FAT4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FAT4 Gene

Proteins for FAT4 Gene

  • Protein details for FAT4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protocadherin Fat 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K5Z6
    • B5MDG4
    • Q3LIA6
    • Q8TCK7
    • Q9H5T6

    Protein attributes for FAT4 Gene

    4981 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    542687 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterophilic interaction with DCHS1; this interaction affects their respective protein levels. Interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with MPDZ. Forms a complex with MPP5 and MPDZ.
    • Sequence=BAB15534.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB15534.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=4848; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAF84150.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for FAT4 Gene


neXtProt entry for FAT4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for FAT4 Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=2, 34312, isoforms=2, 34267, isoforms=2, 34017, isoforms=2, 33758, Asn3706, isoforms=2, 33477, Asn3392, isoforms=2, 33217, Asn3140, isoforms=2, 33036, Asn2937, Asn2921, Asn2430, Asn2387, Asn2119, isoforms=2, 31967, isoforms=2, 31899, isoforms=2, 31828, isoforms=31514, isoforms=31389, isoforms=31296, Asn1225, Asn1104, isoforms=31101, isoforms=31085, isoforms=3946, isoforms=3880, Asn825, isoforms=3721, isoforms=3676, isoforms=3615, Asn551, isoforms=3483, isoforms=3435, isoforms=3416, Asn393, Asn237, and Asn84
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for FAT4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for FAT4 Gene

Domains & Families for FAT4 Gene

Gene Families for FAT4 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FAT4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FAT4: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAT4 Gene

Function for FAT4 Gene

Molecular function for FAT4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. FAT4 plays a role in the maintenance of planar cell polarity as well as in inhibition of YAP1-mediated neuroprogenitor cell proliferation and differentiation (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for FAT4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FAT4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22153077
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAT4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FAT4: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for FAT4 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for FAT4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FAT4:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for FAT4

CRISPR Products

miRNA for FAT4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target FAT4

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for FAT4

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FAT4 Gene

Localization for FAT4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAT4 Gene

Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=In the kidney, localizes to primary cilia. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FAT4 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FAT4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0045177 apical part of cell IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAT4: view

Pathways & Interactions for FAT4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FAT4: view

Pathways by source for FAT4 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for FAT4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FAT4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001658 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0001822 kidney development IEA --
GO:0003007 heart morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0007009 plasma membrane organization IEA --
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAT4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for FAT4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for FAT4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for FAT4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for FAT4 Gene

FAT tumor suppressor homolog 4 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for FAT4

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FAT4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for FAT4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FAT4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for FAT4 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for FAT4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (31.8), Urine (16.2), and Adipocyte (8.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for FAT4 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of FAT4 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FAT4 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for FAT4 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. Expressed in fetal brain, infant brain, brain tumor and colorectal cancer.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for FAT4 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Lymph node(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for FAT4 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cheek
  • chin
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • inner ear
  • jaw
  • lip
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • middle ear
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • thyroid
  • tooth
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
  • abdominal wall
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • large intestine
  • small intestine
  • spleen
  • anus
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • rectum
  • testicle
  • ureter
  • urethra
  • urinary bladder
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • hair
  • lymph node
  • lymph vessel
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • vertebrae
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with FAT4: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for FAT4 Gene

Orthologs for FAT4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for FAT4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FAT4 34 33
  • 99.44 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FAT4 34 33
  • 91.29 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FAT4 34 33
  • 90.52 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FAT4 34
  • 87 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Fat4 16 34 33
  • 83.41 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FAT4 34
  • 65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FAT4 34 33
  • 76.49 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia FAT4 34
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia fat4 33
  • 71.54 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.26275 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii FAT4 34
  • 69 (a)
LOC101882648 33
  • 66.68 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta ft 34 33
  • 46.23 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007924 33
  • 34.19 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cdh-4 34
  • 22 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 24 (a)
Species where no ortholog for FAT4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for FAT4 Gene

Gene Tree for FAT4 (if available)
Gene Tree for FAT4 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for FAT4: view image

Paralogs for FAT4 Gene

Paralogs for FAT4 Gene

(17) SIMAP similar genes for FAT4 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FAT4: view

Variants for FAT4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FAT4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs145639192 uncertain-significance, not provided, not specified 125,398,883(+) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs199682210 pathogenic, Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2, Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2 (HKLLS2) [MIM:616006] 125,487,373(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs200221425 likely-benign, Anophthalmia - microphthalmia, Peters anomaly 125,316,542(+) A/C coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs35845544 likely-benign, uncertain-significance, not provided, not specified 125,491,482(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs370088878 pathogenic, Van Maldergem syndrome 2 125,450,497(+) G/A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, stop_gained

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FAT4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3602088 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1010746 CNV gain 25217958
nsv470070 CNV loss 18288195
nsv830051 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for FAT4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 0.108% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 24.85; 99.67% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for FAT4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAT4 Gene

Disorders for FAT4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for FAT4 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
van maldergem syndrome 2
  • vmlds2
hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2
  • hklls2
hennekam syndrome
  • hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome
van maldergem syndrome 1
  • vmlds1
van maldergem syndrome
  • cerebrofacioarticular syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search FAT4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Van Maldergem syndrome 2 (VMLDS2) [MIM:615546]: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by intellectual disability, typical craniofacial features, auditory malformations resulting in hearing loss, and skeletal and limb malformations. Some patients have renal hypoplasia. Brain MRI typically shows periventricular nodular heterotopia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24056717}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome 2 (HKLLS2) [MIM:616006]: A form of Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome, a generalized lymph-vessels dysplasia characterized by intestinal lymphangiectasia with severe lymphedema of the limbs, genitalia and face. In addition, affected individuals have unusual facies and severe mental retardation. HKLLS2 individuals have lymphangiectasia variably affecting the gut, pericardium, lungs, kidneys, and genitalia. Other features include camptodactyly and rare syndactyly. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24913602}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for FAT4

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FAT4: view

No data available for Genatlas for FAT4 Gene

Publications for FAT4 Gene

  1. Identification of new human cadherin genes using a combination of protein motif search and gene finding methods. (PMID: 15003449) Hoeng JC … Liu Y (Journal of molecular biology 2004) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Hennekam syndrome can be caused by FAT4 mutations and be allelic to Van Maldergem syndrome. (PMID: 24913602) Alders M … Hennekam RC (Human genetics 2014) 3 4 58
  3. Mutations in genes encoding the cadherin receptor-ligand pair DCHS1 and FAT4 disrupt cerebral cortical development. (PMID: 24056717) Cappello S … Robertson SP (Nature genetics 2013) 3 4 58
  4. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association data of bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. (PMID: 20351715) Liu Y … Wellcome Trust Case-Control Consortium (Molecular psychiatry 2011) 3 44 58
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58

Products for FAT4 Gene

Sources for FAT4 Gene

Loading form....