Aliases for UCP1 Gene
External Ids for UCP1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for UCP1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UCP1 Gene
Mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCP) are members of the family of mitochondrial anion carrier proteins (MACP). UCPs separate oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis with energy dissipated as heat, also referred to as the mitochondrial proton leak. UCPs facilitate the transfer of anions from the inner to the outer mitochondrial membrane and the return transfer of protons from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane. They also reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential in mammalian cells. Tissue specificity occurs for the different UCPs and the exact methods of how UCPs transfer H+/OH- are not known. UCPs contain the three homologous protein domains of MACPs. This gene is expressed only in brown adipose tissue, a specialized tissue which functions to produce heat. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for UCP1 Gene
UCP1 (Uncoupling Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UCP1 include Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11 and Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetric. Among its related pathways are Apelin signaling pathway and Adipogenesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity. An important paralog of this gene is UCP3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene
Mitochondrial protein responsible for thermogenic respiration, a specialized capacity of brown adipose tissue and beige fat that participates to non-shivering adaptive thermogenesis to temperature and diet variations and more generally to the regulation of energy balance (By similarity). Functions as a long-chain fatty acid/LCFA and proton symporter, simultaneously transporting one LCFA and one proton through the inner mitochondrial membrane (PubMed:24196960). However, LCFAs remaining associated with the transporter via their hydrophobic tails, it results in an apparent transport of protons activated by LCFAs. Thereby, dissipates the mitochondrial proton gradient and converts the energy of substrate oxydation into heat instead of ATP. Regulates the production of reactive oxygen species/ROS by mitochondria (By similarity).