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Aliases for RRAS Gene

Aliases for RRAS Gene

  • RAS Related 2 3 5
  • Related RAS Viral (R-Ras) Oncogene Homolog 2 3
  • Oncogene RRAS 2 3
  • P23 3 4
  • Ras Family Small GTP Binding Protein R-Ras 3
  • Ras-Related Protein R-Ras 3
  • R-Ras 3

External Ids for RRAS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RRAS Gene

  • GC19M050796
  • GC19M050506
  • GC19M054814
  • GC19M054830
  • GC19M050138
  • GC19M046515

Summaries for RRAS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RRAS Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a small GTPase involved in diverse processes including angiogenesis, vascular homeostasis and regeneration, cell adhesion, and neuronal axon guidance. Mutations in this gene are found in many invasive cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]

GeneCards Summary for RRAS Gene

RRAS (RAS Related) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RRAS include Noonan Syndrome 1 and Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTP binding. An important paralog of this gene is RRAS2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RRAS Gene

  • Regulates the organization of the actin cytoskeleton (PubMed:16537651, PubMed:18270267). With OSPBL3, modulates integrin beta-1 (ITGB1) activity (PubMed:18270267).

Gene Wiki entry for RRAS Gene

Additional gene information for RRAS Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RRAS Gene

Genomics for RRAS Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RRAS Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RRAS Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19J049637 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 652.9 -0.5 -453 6.4 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 E2F8 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 RRAS SCAF1 PRR12 PTOV1-AS2 POLD1 SNORD35A NUP62 IRF3 SNRNP70 SNORD35B
GH19J048644 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 11 +994.3 994271 2.9 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B POLR2B CA11 SNORD35A GRWD1 SNORD35B ALDH16A1 NOP53-AS1 PRR12 NOP53 SNRNP70 RPS11
GH19J049486 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5 +150.0 149961 7.5 ZFP64 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC SSRP1 SNORD35A RPL13A GC19P049514 GC19P049531 GC19P049558 GC19P049559 GC19P049564 GC19P049569 PIR54526 SNORD32A
GH19J049741 Enhancer 0.5 Ensembl 10.3 -101.5 -101500 0.2 FOSL1 AFF1 CEBPG MYC ADM5 CPT1C PRMT1 RNU6-841P TSKS AP2A1 RRAS SCAF1 LOC105372434 RPS9P4
GH19J049855 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 5.4 -215.6 -215563 1.1 ZSCAN5A KLF1 PTBP1 ZKSCAN1 GLIS2 POLR2A RBM22 PRDM10 KLF7 ZNF600 ENSG00000268047 GC19P049856 MIR4749 PNKP RRAS PTOV1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around RRAS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the RRAS gene promoter:
  • STAT1
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • p53
  • COUP-TF1

Genomic Locations for RRAS Gene

Genomic Locations for RRAS Gene
4,910 bases
Minus strand
4,910 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RRAS Gene

Genes around RRAS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RRAS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RRAS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RRAS Gene

Proteins for RRAS Gene

  • Protein details for RRAS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ras-related protein R-Ras
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6FH12

    Protein attributes for RRAS Gene

    218 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    23480 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with PLCE1 (PubMed:16537651). Interacts (active GTP-bound form preferentially) with RGS14 (By similarity). Interacts with OSBPL3 (PubMed:18270267).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RRAS Gene

neXtProt entry for RRAS Gene

Post-translational modifications for RRAS Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for RRAS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for RRAS
  • Boster Bio Antibodies for RRAS
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for RRAS

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RRAS Gene

Domains & Families for RRAS Gene

Gene Families for RRAS Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RRAS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family.
  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RRAS: view

Function for RRAS Gene

Molecular function for RRAS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Regulates the organization of the actin cytoskeleton (PubMed:16537651, PubMed:18270267). With OSPBL3, modulates integrin beta-1 (ITGB1) activity (PubMed:18270267).
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
Ras oncogene homolog,related,tightly linked to a full size LTR of human endogenous retroviruses HERV-K,regulating the binding of integrins to their ligands,outside the cells,phosphorylated by EPHR1 and no longer supporting integrin activity

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity TAS,IMP 24705357
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17474147
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
GO:0019003 GDP binding IMP 24705357
GO:0044877 protein-containing complex binding IDA 23209302
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RRAS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RRAS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for RRAS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for RRAS

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for RRAS

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RRAS Gene

Localization for RRAS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RRAS Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Note=Inner surface of plasma membrane possibly with attachment requiring acylation of the C-terminal cysteine (By similarity with RAS).

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RRAS gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 1
endosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005925 focal adhesion HDA 21423176
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RRAS: view

Pathways & Interactions for RRAS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RRAS: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for RRAS Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002521 leukocyte differentiation IMP 24705357
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007265 Ras protein signal transduction TAS 3098437
GO:0030336 negative regulation of cell migration IEA --
GO:0045766 positive regulation of angiogenesis IMP 21393242
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RRAS: view

Drugs & Compounds for RRAS Gene

(6) Drugs for RRAS Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(5) Additional Compounds for RRAS Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RRAS: view

Transcripts for RRAS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RRAS Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(165) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for RRAS Gene

Related RAS viral (r-ras) oncogene homolog:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for RRAS

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RRAS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6

Relevant External Links for RRAS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RRAS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RRAS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RRAS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Prostate (10.0) and Urinary Bladder (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for RRAS Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RRAS Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RRAS Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RRAS Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RRAS Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Liver(4.2)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Muscle(2.3)
  • Kidney(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RRAS: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RRAS Gene

Orthologs for RRAS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for RRAS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RRAS 34 33
  • 99.54 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RRAS 34 33
  • 91.9 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RRAS 34 33
  • 90.67 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rras 16 34 33
  • 88.23 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rras 33
  • 88.23 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RRAS 34
  • 68 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RRAS 34
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rras 33
  • 67.89 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rras 34 33
  • 67.54 (n)
wufb23a02 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Ras64B 34 35
  • 64 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ras-1 34 35
  • 56 (a)
ras-2 35
  • 51 (a)
C08F8.7 35
  • 46 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RAS1 34
  • 35 (a)
RAS2 34
  • 31 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 60 (a)
Species where no ortholog for RRAS was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RRAS Gene

Gene Tree for RRAS (if available)
Gene Tree for RRAS (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for RRAS: view image

Paralogs for RRAS Gene

Variants for RRAS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RRAS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs114187560 benign, Noonan syndrome 49,636,664(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs116683551 benign, Noonan syndrome 49,636,925(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs145907892 likely-benign, Noonan syndrome 49,636,693(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs183538580 likely-benign, Noonan syndrome 49,635,633(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs372925843 likely-benign, Noonan syndrome 49,637,134(-) G/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RRAS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1160655 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv469715 CNV gain+loss 16826518
nsv470150 CNV gain 18288195
nsv817854 CNV gain 17921354
nsv828578 CNV loss 20364138
nsv833864 CNV gain 17160897
nsv833865 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv953600 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv9739 CNV gain+loss 18304495

Variation tolerance for RRAS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.37; 27.11% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RRAS Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RRAS Gene

Disorders for RRAS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for RRAS Gene - From: HGMD, Orphanet, and DISEASES

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RRAS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for RRAS

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RRAS: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RRAS Gene

Publications for RRAS Gene

  1. Structure of the human and murine R-ras genes, novel genes closely related to ras proto-oncogenes. (PMID: 3098437) Lowe DG … Goeddel DV (Cell 1987) 2 3 4 58
  2. Semaphorin 3E initiates antiangiogenic signaling through plexin D1 by regulating Arf6 and R-Ras. (PMID: 20385769) Sakurai A … Gutkind JS (Molecular and cellular biology 2010) 3 22 58
  3. Transcription factor 8 activates R-Ras to regulate angiogenesis. (PMID: 19116136) Inuzuka T … Ohba Y (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2009) 3 22 58
  4. Structure and function of the intracellular region of the plexin-b1 transmembrane receptor. (PMID: 19843518) Tong Y … Buck M (The Journal of biological chemistry 2009) 3 22 58
  5. The R-Ras interaction partner ORP3 regulates cell adhesion. (PMID: 18270267) Lehto M … Olkkonen VM (Journal of cell science 2008) 4 22 58

Products for RRAS Gene

Sources for RRAS Gene

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