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Aliases for GNB4 Gene

Aliases for GNB4 Gene

  • G Protein Subunit Beta 4 2 3 5
  • Transducin Beta Chain 4 2 3 4
  • Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein (G Protein), Beta Polypeptide 4 2 3
  • Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein Subunit Beta-4 2 3
  • G Protein Beta-4 Subunit 3
  • CMTD1F 3

External Ids for GNB4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNB4 Gene

  • GC03M175882
  • GC03M179959
  • GC03M180519
  • GC03M180437
  • GC03M180599
  • GC03M179113
  • GC03M176517

Summaries for GNB4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GNB4 Gene

  • Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which integrate signals between receptors and effector proteins, are composed of an alpha, a beta, and a gamma subunit. These subunits are encoded by families of related genes. This gene encodes a beta subunit. Beta subunits are important regulators of alpha subunits, as well as of certain signal transduction receptors and effectors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GNB4 Gene

GNB4 (G Protein Subunit Beta 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GNB4 include Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Dominant Intermediate F and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Intermediate Type. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include obsolete signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is GNB1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB4 Gene

  • Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction.

Tocris Summary for GNB4 Gene

  • Heterotrimeric G proteins are membrane bound GTPases that are linked to 7-TM receptors. Each G protein contains an alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunit and is bound to GDP in the 'off' state. Ligand binding causes a receptor conformational change, detaching the G protein and switching it 'on'.

Gene Wiki entry for GNB4 Gene

Additional gene information for GNB4 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GNB4 Gene

Genomics for GNB4 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GNB4 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GNB4 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J179448 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 673.5 +0.4 435 4.4 PKNOX1 ATF1 SIN3A ZNF121 ZNF766 GLIS2 ZFP91 ATF7 REST ZNF592 GNB4 ENSG00000239255 MFN1 ENSG00000272699
GH03J179473 Enhancer 0.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 15 -22.3 -22264 1.5 HLF GNB4 ENSG00000239255 MFN1 MTHFD2P7 PIR62273
GH03J179525 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 12 -75.3 -75336 2.3 CEBPG ZIC2 RAD21 YY1 ETS1 POLR2A ZNF143 CHD2 NANOG L3MBTL2 ENSG00000239255 GNB4 NDUFB5 PIR62273 ACTL6A
GH03J179652 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 4.5 -202.2 -202179 3.3 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF48 YY1 GTF3C2 SLC30A9 TCF12 GLIS2 ELK1 USP13 MFN1 ACTL6A GNB4 GC03M179795
GH03J179546 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 11.7 -95.3 -95298 0.2 GATAD2A FOXA2 SAP130 ZNF644 THRB ZNF48 ZNF316 SCRT2 NFE2 EMSY ENSG00000239255 GNB4 ACTL6A PIR62273
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GNB4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GNB4 gene promoter:
  • NF-AT1
  • AREB6
  • C/EBPalpha
  • CHOP-10
  • NF-AT
  • NF-AT2
  • NF-AT3
  • NF-AT4
  • Sox5

Genomic Locations for GNB4 Gene

Genomic Locations for GNB4 Gene
55,503 bases
Minus strand
55,503 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GNB4 Gene

Genes around GNB4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GNB4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GNB4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GNB4 Gene

Proteins for GNB4 Gene

  • Protein details for GNB4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit beta-4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KMH5
    • D3DNR8

    Protein attributes for GNB4 Gene

    340 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37567 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • G proteins are composed of 3 units, alpha, beta and gamma.

neXtProt entry for GNB4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GNB4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GNB4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GNB4 Gene

Domains & Families for GNB4 Gene

Gene Families for GNB4 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GNB4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the WD repeat G protein beta family.
  • Belongs to the WD repeat G protein beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GNB4: view

Function for GNB4 Gene

Molecular function for GNB4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
guanine nucleotide binding protein 4

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GNB4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GNB4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
GO:0044877 protein-containing complex binding IDA 23209302
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GNB4: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GNB4 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GNB4 Gene

Localization for GNB4 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GNB4 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
lysosome 5
nucleus 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Plasma membrane (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GNB4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane HDA 17897319
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0043209 myelin sheath IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB4: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB4 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GNB4 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Development Angiotensin activation of ERK
2 ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12
3 fMLP Pathway
4 G-Beta Gamma Signaling
5 Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GNB4: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GNB4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006457 protein folding TAS --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0021762 substantia nigra development HEP 22926577
GO:0071377 cellular response to glucagon stimulus TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GNB4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GNB4 Gene

(3) Drugs for GNB4 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Guanosine monophosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(5) Additional Compounds for GNB4 Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
[D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P
G-Protein antagonist peptide
Gue 1654
SCH 202676 hydrobromide

(5) Tocris Compounds for GNB4 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P Inhibits M1 ACh receptor activation of Gq/11 89430-38-6
G-Protein antagonist peptide Inhibits G protein activation by GPCRs 143675-79-0
Gue 1654 Selective inhibitor of OXE-R Gbetagamma signaling 397290-30-1
Mastoparan Activates Gi and Go 72093-21-1
SCH 202676 hydrobromide Inhibitor of ligand binding to G-protein-coupled receptors 265980-25-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GNB4: view

Transcripts for GNB4 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GNB4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GNB4 Gene

Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 4:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GNB4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP3: -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for GNB4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GNB4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GNB4 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GNB4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (12.2) and Frontal cortex (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for GNB4 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GNB4 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GNB4 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GNB4 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GNB4 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Strongly expressed in lung and placenta, whereas it is weakly expressed in brain and heart. Abundantly expressed in the axons and Schwann cells of peripheral nerves.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GNB4 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GNB4 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • head
  • digit
  • foot
  • lower limb
  • toe
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GNB4: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for GNB4 Gene

Orthologs for GNB4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GNB4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GNB4 34 33
  • 99.51 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GNB4 34
  • 96 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GNB4 34
  • 94 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GNB4 34 33
  • 92.55 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GNB4 34 33
  • 90.1 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gnb4 16 34 33
  • 85.2 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gnb4 33
  • 85.2 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GNB4 34 33
  • 84.22 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GNB4 34
  • 95 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gnb4 33
  • 82.45 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CABZ01087197.1 34
  • 89 (a)
gnb4b 34
  • 89 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gbeta13F 34
  • 81 (a)
G&bgr;13F 35
  • 81 (a)
G&bgr;76C 35
  • 43 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gpb-1 34 35
  • 85 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10536 34
  • 76 (a)
Cin.5204 33
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.5204 33
Species where no ortholog for GNB4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GNB4 Gene

Gene Tree for GNB4 (if available)
Gene Tree for GNB4 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GNB4: view image

Paralogs for GNB4 Gene

Paralogs for GNB4 Gene

(8) SIMAP similar genes for GNB4 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

  • C9JD14_HUMAN
  • H7C5J5_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GNB4: view

Variants for GNB4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GNB4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1078749 benign, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate F 179,426,153(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs112500963 benign, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate F 179,420,935(-) AAAAAAA/AAAAAAAA intron_variant
rs149798652 benign, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate F 179,419,416(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs186593898 uncertain-significance, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate F 179,405,258(-) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs376068792 likely-benign, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate F 179,405,181(-) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GNB4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4999n100 CNV gain 25217958
esv2665201 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3598842 CNV loss 21293372
esv3598843 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1073266 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv4139 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv471116 CNV gain 18288195
nsv592650 CNV gain 21841781
nsv829806 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for GNB4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 46.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.61; 13.01% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GNB4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB4 Gene

Disorders for GNB4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for GNB4 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
charcot-marie-tooth disease, dominant intermediate f
  • cmtdif
charcot-marie-tooth disease intermediate type
  • charcot-marie-tooth disease dominant intermediate
charcot-marie-tooth disease
  • charcot marie tooth muscular atrophy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GNB4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant, intermediate type, F (CMTDIF) [MIM:615185]: A form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. CMTDIF is characterized by onset around adolescence of slowly progressive distal muscle atrophy and weakness affecting the upper and lower limbs and resulting in steppage gait. There is distal sensory impairment with decreased reflexes. Nerve conduction velocities are variable, ranging from the demyelinating to the axonal range. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23434117}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for GNB4

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GNB4: view

No data available for Genatlas for GNB4 Gene

Publications for GNB4 Gene

  1. Cloning, tissue distribution, and functional expression of the human G protein beta 4-subunit. (PMID: 11842130) Ruiz-Velasco V … Puhl HL (Physiological genomics 2002) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Characterization of intron-1 haplotypes of the G protein beta 4 subunit gene--association with survival and progression in patients with urothelial bladder carcinoma. (PMID: 18815590) Riemann K … Siffert W (Pharmacogenetics and genomics 2008) 3 22 44 58
  3. Exome sequencing identifies GNB4 mutations as a cause of dominant intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. (PMID: 23434117) Soong BW … Lee YC (American journal of human genetics 2013) 3 4 58
  4. Association of GNB4 intron-1 haplotypes with survival in patients with UICC stage III and IV colorectal carcinoma. (PMID: 19414374) Riemann K … Siffert W (Anticancer research 2009) 3 44 58
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58

Products for GNB4 Gene

Sources for GNB4 Gene

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