Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for LMOD3 Gene

Aliases for LMOD3 Gene

  • Leiomodin 3 2 3 5
  • Leiomodin, Fetal Form 3 4
  • Leiomodin 3 (Fetal) 2 3
  • Leiomodin-3 3
  • NEM10 3

External Ids for LMOD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LMOD3 Gene

  • GC03U990171
  • GC03M068979
  • GC03M069089
  • GC03M069238

Summaries for LMOD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LMOD3 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the leiomodin family of proteins. This protein contains three actin-binding domains, a tropomyosin domain, a leucine-rich repeat domain, and a Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein homology 2 domain (WH2). Localization of this protein to the pointed ends of thin filaments has been observed, and there is evidence that this protein acts as a catalyst of actin nucleation, and is important to the organization of sarcomeric thin filaments in skeletal muscles. Mutations in this gene have been associated as one cause of Nemaline myopathy, as other genes have also been linked to this disorder. Nemaline myopathy is a disorder characterized by nonprogressive generalized muscle weakness and protein inclusions (nemaline bodies) in skeletal myofibers. Patients with mutations in this gene often present with a severe congenital form of the disorder. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

GeneCards Summary for LMOD3 Gene

LMOD3 (Leiomodin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LMOD3 include Nemaline Myopathy 10 and Severe Congenital Nemaline Myopathy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include actin monomer binding and tropomyosin binding. An important paralog of this gene is LMOD2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LMOD3 Gene

  • Essential for the organization of sarcomeric actin thin filaments in skeletal muscle (PubMed:25250574). Increases the rate of actin polymerization (PubMed:25250574).

Gene Wiki entry for LMOD3 Gene

Additional gene information for LMOD3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LMOD3 Gene

Genomics for LMOD3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LMOD3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LMOD3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J069121 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 678.4 +0.7 710 1.8 CTCF IKZF1 JUN LMOD3 EOGT GC03M069083
GH03J069120 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 +2.0 1967 0.2 SMARCA5 CTCF ZNF654 RB1 TRIM22 CEBPB CEBPG REST RAD21 SCRT2 LMOD3 GC03M069083
GH03J069287 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.2 -166.2 -166229 3.4 KLF1 PKNOX1 SMAD1 NFIB JUN FEZF1 BATF GATA3 EED SCRT2 LMOD3 MITF RBM43P1 FRMD4B
GH03J069324 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 15.7 -203.8 -203792 4.8 STAT5A BMI1 RAD21 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATF7 ETV6 BCLAF1 IKZF2 RUNX3 LMOD3 FRMD4B RBM43P1
GH03J069079 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.6 +34.5 34503 18.9 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 ZNF2 IRF4 ARL6IP5 UBA3 TMF1 EOGT LMOD3 GC03M069083
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around LMOD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LMOD3 gene promoter:
  • FAC1
  • C/EBPalpha
  • ER-alpha
  • MEF-2A
  • aMEF-2
  • HTF
  • AML1a
  • C/EBPbeta
  • GATA-1
  • Gfi-1

Genomic Locations for LMOD3 Gene

Genomic Locations for LMOD3 Gene
16,161 bases
Minus strand
16,161 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for LMOD3 Gene

Genes around LMOD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LMOD3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LMOD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LMOD3 Gene

Proteins for LMOD3 Gene

  • Protein details for LMOD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DT85
    • Q0JTT2
    • Q5JPG6
    • Q8IUK4
    • Q96LS4

    Protein attributes for LMOD3 Gene

    560 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64914 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • May interact with tropomyosin alpha (TPM1/2) N-terminus (PubMed:25250574). Interacts with KLHL40; leading to stabilization (By similarity).
    • Sequence=AAH39202.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for LMOD3 Gene


neXtProt entry for LMOD3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for LMOD3 Gene

  • Ubiquitinated, leading to its degradation. Interaction with KLHL40 negatively regulates ubiquitination and degradation.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LMOD3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LMOD3 Gene

Domains & Families for LMOD3 Gene

Gene Families for LMOD3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LMOD3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LMOD3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the tropomodulin family.
  • Belongs to the tropomodulin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LMOD3: view

Function for LMOD3 Gene

Molecular function for LMOD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential for the organization of sarcomeric actin thin filaments in skeletal muscle (PubMed:25250574). Increases the rate of actin polymerization (PubMed:25250574).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LMOD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LMOD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003785 actin monomer binding IMP 25250574
GO:0005523 tropomyosin binding IMP,IBA 25250574
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LMOD3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LMOD3: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for LMOD3 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LMOD3 Gene

Localization for LMOD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LMOD3 Gene

Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, myofibril, sarcomere, M line. Cytoplasm, myofibril, sarcomere, A band. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Highly expressed in nonstriated areas of developing myotubes, where it shows a granular cytoplasmic pattern. In sarcomeres, highly expressed in the M band region and, at lower levels, along actin thin filaments. Not detected in Z-disks. In sarcomeres, may be located near, but not at, actin thin filament pointed end. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25250574}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LMOD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LMOD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA,IEA 25250574
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA,IBA --
GO:0005865 striated muscle thin filament IDA 25250574
GO:0030016 myofibril IBA --
GO:0031430 M band IDA,IEA 25250574
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LMOD3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for LMOD3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for LMOD3 Gene

SuperPathways for LMOD3 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LMOD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006936 muscle contraction IBA --
GO:0006941 striated muscle contraction IMP 25250574
GO:0007015 actin filament organization IBA --
GO:0030239 myofibril assembly IBA --
GO:0030240 skeletal muscle thin filament assembly IMP 25250574
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LMOD3: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for LMOD3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LMOD3 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for LMOD3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LMOD3 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(25) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for LMOD3 Gene

Leiomodin 3 (fetal):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LMOD3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b

Relevant External Links for LMOD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LMOD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LMOD3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LMOD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x31.7), Heart - Left Ventricle (x13.5), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x4.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LMOD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in CD4 Tcells (45.6) and Heart (19.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for LMOD3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LMOD3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LMOD3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LMOD3 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LMOD3 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in cardiac and at higher levels in skeletal muscles (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LMOD3 Gene

  • Muscle(4.6)
  • Heart(4.5)
  • Nervous system(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LMOD3 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • nose
  • skull
  • tongue
  • lung
  • placenta
  • uterus
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • peripheral nervous system
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LMOD3: view

Orthologs for LMOD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for LMOD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LMOD3 34 33
  • 99.35 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LMOD3 34 33
  • 86.34 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LMOD3 34 33
  • 85.93 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lmod3 16 34 33
  • 82.05 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lmod3 33
  • 81.73 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LMOD3 34
  • 73 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LMOD3 34
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC426075 33
  • 69.55 (n)
LMOD3 34
  • 66 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LMOD3 34
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia lmod3 33
  • 67.64 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:dkey-90a13.7 33
  • 62.56 (n)
LMOD3 34
  • 45 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.12383 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta tmod 34
  • 22 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea unc-94 34
  • 22 (a)
tmd-2 34
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 34 (a)
-- 34
  • 34 (a)
Species where no ortholog for LMOD3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for LMOD3 Gene

Gene Tree for LMOD3 (if available)
Gene Tree for LMOD3 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for LMOD3: view image

Paralogs for LMOD3 Gene

Paralogs for LMOD3 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for LMOD3 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LMOD3: view

Variants for LMOD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LMOD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs111797345 benign, Nemaline myopathy 10 69,119,477(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs111848977 benign, Nemaline myopathy 10 69,119,929(-) T/C/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, synonymous_variant
rs115972674 benign, Nemaline myopathy 10 69,119,596(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs116257053 benign, Nemaline myopathy 10 69,119,129(-) T/C coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs116440123 benign, Nemaline myopathy 10 69,118,862(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LMOD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2762334 CNV gain 21179565
esv3596491 CNV gain 21293372
esv3596492 CNV loss 21293372

Variation tolerance for LMOD3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 89.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.70; 73.06% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LMOD3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LMOD3 Gene

Disorders for LMOD3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for LMOD3 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
nemaline myopathy 10
  • nem10
severe congenital nemaline myopathy
  • severe congenital nm
typical congenital nemaline myopathy
  • typical nemaline myopathy
nemaline myopathy
  • nm
neonatal respiratory failure
  • respiratory failure of newborn
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LMOD3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Nemaline myopathy 10 (NEM10) [MIM:616165]: An autosomal recessive severe form of nemaline myopathy. Nemaline myopathies are muscular disorders characterized by muscle weakness of varying severity and onset, and abnormal thread-like or rod-shaped structures in muscle fibers on histologic examination. NEM10 is characterized by early-onset generalized muscle weakness and hypotonia with respiratory insufficiency and feeding difficulties. Additional features include arthrogryposis or congenital contractures, ophthalmoplegia, a history of prematurity, reduced fetal movements, and polyhydramnios. Most patients die of respiratory failure in early infancy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25250574}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for LMOD3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LMOD3: view

No data available for Genatlas for LMOD3 Gene

Publications for LMOD3 Gene

  1. Leiomodin-3 dysfunction results in thin filament disorganization and nemaline myopathy. (PMID: 25250574) Yuen M … Clarke NF (The Journal of clinical investigation 2014) 3 4 58
  2. Risperidone-related weight gain: genetic and nongenetic predictors. (PMID: 16633140) Lane HY … Chang WH (Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 2006) 3 44 58
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  5. Neonatal fractures as a presenting feature of LMOD3-associated congenital myopathy. (PMID: 28815944) Abbott M … Burrage LC (American journal of medical genetics. Part A 2017) 3 58

Products for LMOD3 Gene

Sources for LMOD3 Gene

Loading form....