Aliases for PLCD1 Gene
External Ids for PLCD1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCD1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the phospholipase C family. Phospholipase C isozymes play critical roles in intracellular signal transduction by catalyzing the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) into the second messengers diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol triphosphate (IP3). The encoded protein functions as a tumor suppressor in several types of cancer, and mutations in this gene are a cause of hereditary leukonychia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
GeneCards Summary for PLCD1 Gene
PLCD1 (Phospholipase C Delta 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCD1 include Nail Disorder, Nonsyndromic Congenital, 3 and Leukonychia Totalis. Among its related pathways are superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds and G-AlphaQ Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phosphoric diester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCD3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCD1 Gene
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. Essential for trophoblast and placental development.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.