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Aliases for PHB Gene

Aliases for PHB Gene

  • Prohibitin 2 3 3 5
  • Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein Li 54e 3
  • Epididymis Luminal Protein 215 3
  • HEL-S-54e 3
  • HEL-215 3
  • PHB1 3

External Ids for PHB Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PHB Gene

  • GC17M047192
  • GC17M049961
  • GC17M047823
  • GC17M047956
  • GC17M044836
  • GC17M047481
  • GC17M042846

Summaries for PHB Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PHB Gene

  • This gene is evolutionarily conserved, and its product is proposed to play a role in human cellular senescence and tumor suppression. Antiproliferative activity is reported to be localized to the 3' UTR, which is proposed to function as a trans-acting regulatory RNA. Several pseudogenes of this gene have been identified. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for PHB Gene

PHB (Prohibitin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PHB include Breast Cancer and Igg4-Related Disease. Among its related pathways are Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PHB Gene

  • Prohibitin inhibits DNA synthesis. It has a role in regulating proliferation. As yet it is unclear if the protein or the mRNA exhibits this effect. May play a role in regulating mitochondrial respiration activity and in aging.

Gene Wiki entry for PHB Gene

Additional gene information for PHB Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PHB Gene

Genomics for PHB Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PHB Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PHB Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH17J049413 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 650.7 +0.1 107 2 HDGF CLOCK SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B PHB CALCOCO2 ENSG00000250186 ENSG00000262039
GH17J049674 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.5 -261.8 -261782 4.1 MLX DMAP1 YBX1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 SPOP UBE2Z ENSG00000262837 ENSG00000250751 SLC35B1 ENSG00000250310 EME1 SNF8 CACNA1G-AS1 COL1A1
GH17J049387 Enhancer 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12 +25.3 25290 4.5 ATF1 PKNOX1 ZNF133 FEZF1 DMAP1 GTF3C2 TCF12 GATA2 ZFP91 FOS ZNF652 UBE2Z ENSG00000262837 SPOP ENSG00000248714 PHB ENSG00000207127 FLJ45513 ABI3 SNF8
GH17J049687 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.8 -273.4 -273376 2.5 ELF3 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 DNMT3B ZSCAN9 RARA YY1 SLC30A9 LOC100288866 NXPH3 SLC35B1 PHB RPL21P124 ENSG00000250186 FAM117A SPOP PHOSPHO1 SAMD14
GH17J049507 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.2 -93.8 -93758 2 PKNOX1 FOXA2 NEUROD1 SIN3A FEZF1 ZBTB7B BRCA1 ETS1 ELK1 FOS PHB ENSG00000207127 ENSG00000250186 RPL21P124 ATP5MC1 HOXB3 MIR6165 NGFR ENSG00000279036 LOC100288866
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PHB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PHB gene promoter:
  • STAT3
  • STAT5A
  • RORalpha1
  • POU3F2
  • MyoD
  • CUTL1
  • GATA-3
  • SRY
  • AML1a
  • CP1A

Genomic Locations for PHB Gene

Genomic Locations for PHB Gene
10,858 bases
Minus strand
10,833 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PHB Gene

Genes around PHB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PHB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PHB Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PHB Gene

Proteins for PHB Gene

  • Protein details for PHB Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DY47
    • Q4VBQ0

    Protein attributes for PHB Gene

    272 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    29804 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with PHB2. Interacts with STOML2.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PHB Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PHB Gene


neXtProt entry for PHB Gene

Post-translational modifications for PHB Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PHB Gene

Domains & Families for PHB Gene

Gene Families for PHB Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for PHB Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the prohibitin family.
  • Belongs to the prohibitin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PHB: view

Function for PHB Gene

Molecular function for PHB Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Prohibitin inhibits DNA synthesis. It has a role in regulating proliferation. As yet it is unclear if the protein or the mRNA exhibits this effect. May play a role in regulating mitochondrial respiration activity and in aging.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Expression increases approximately 3-fold upon entry into G1 phase compared with other phases of the cell cycle. Also induced following inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis by thiamphenicol.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
prohibitin (antiproliferative protein) potential tumor suppressor regulating E2F1 function

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PHB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PHB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0001850 complement component C3a binding IDA 17070910
GO:0001851 complement component C3b binding IDA 17070910
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11302691
GO:0008022 protein C-terminus binding IPI 19906925
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHB: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PHB: view

Animal Models for PHB Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PHB:
  • Phb Phb<tm1.2Bwo>

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PHB

miRNA for PHB Gene

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PHB Gene

Localization for PHB Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PHB Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PHB gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
endosome 5
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
peroxisome 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Mitochondria (3)
  • Vesicles (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PHB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus TAS 16130169
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA 12466959
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 16964284
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA,IEA 24732013
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS 14500729
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHB: view

Pathways & Interactions for PHB Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 RET signaling
2 Signaling by moderate kinase activity BRAF mutants
3 Developmental Biology
4 Cytokine Signaling in Immune system
5 HIV Life Cycle
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PHB: view

Pathways by source for PHB Gene

1 R&D Systems pathway for PHB Gene
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for PHB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PHB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA 16964284
GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation HDA 16210410
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA 14500729
GO:0006851 mitochondrial calcium ion transmembrane transport TAS --
GO:0007005 mitochondrion organization IMP 17008324
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PHB: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PHB Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PHB Gene

(12) Drugs for PHB Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(8) Additional Compounds for PHB Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PHB: view

Transcripts for PHB Gene

Unigene Clusters for PHB Gene

Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PHB Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for PHB Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PHB Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PHB Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PHB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (25.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PHB Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PHB Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PHB Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PHB Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PHB Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed in different tissues.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PHB Gene

  • Liver(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Lung(4.8)
  • Muscle(4.7)
  • Intestine(4.1)
  • Skin(4.1)
  • Kidney(3.4)
  • Eye(3.3)
  • Pancreas(3.3)
  • Heart(2.9)
  • Stomach(2.5)
  • Blood(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PHB: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PHB Gene

Orthologs for PHB Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PHB Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PHB 34 33
  • 99.75 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PHB 34
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PHB 34 34 33
  • 93.5 (n)
-- 34
  • 93 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PHB 34 33
  • 93.01 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PHB 34
  • 92 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Phb 33
  • 91.54 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Phb 16 34 33
  • 91.18 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 34
  • 89 (a)
PHB 34 33
  • 82.84 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 92 (a)
-- 34
  • 82 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia phb 33
  • 78.8 (n)
MGC75944 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC64447 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii phb 34 33 33
  • 77.9 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10205 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta l(2)37Cc 34 35 33
  • 68.51 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009323 33
  • 67.03 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y37E3.9 35
  • 68 (a)
phb-1 34 33
  • 62.21 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR313C 33
  • 60.8 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PHB1 36 34 33
  • 56.82 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D16302g 33
  • 55.71 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons PHB3 33
  • 56.63 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.15151 33
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.3157 33
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0580500 33
  • 57.95 (n)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.24798 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.6789 34
  • 71 (a)
Cin.4549 33
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU08946 33
  • 58.04 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes phb1 33
  • 56.58 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4549 33
Species where no ortholog for PHB was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for PHB Gene

Gene Tree for PHB (if available)
Gene Tree for PHB (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PHB: view image

Paralogs for PHB Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for PHB Gene using alignment to 9 proteins:

  • A8K401_HUMAN
  • B4DY47_HUMAN
  • C9JW96_HUMAN
  • C9JZ20_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PHB: view

No data available for Paralogs for PHB Gene

Variants for PHB Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PHB Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs112294663 risk-factor, Breast cancer, susceptibility to 49,404,263(-) G/A/C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant
rs121918372 A breast cancer sample 49,409,410(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs121918373 A breast cancer sample 49,409,461(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1001162524 -- 49,407,624(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1001167734 -- 49,410,822(-) C/G/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PHB Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833473 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv960500 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv960501 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv960502 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv962338 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv978437 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for PHB Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 22.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.41; 8.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PHB Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PHB Gene

Disorders for PHB Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for PHB Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
breast cancer
  • breast cancer, familial
igg4-related disease
  • mediastinal fibrosis, familial
  • chikungunya fever
mikulicz disease
  • mikulicz's disease
female breast cancer
  • female breast carcinoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PHB in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for PHB

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
Tumor Gene Database
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PHB: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PHB Gene

Publications for PHB Gene

  1. The human prohibitin (PHB) gene family and its somatic mutations in human tumors. (PMID: 8244394) Sato T … Nakamura Y (Genomics 1993) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Ovarian cancer risk in Polish BRCA1 mutation carriers is not associated with the prohibitin 3' untranslated region polymorphism. (PMID: 18397521) Jakubowska A … Hamann U (BMC cancer 2008) 3 22 44 58
  3. The prohibitin 3' untranslated region polymorphism in patients with ovarian cancer. (PMID: 17544200) Grimm C … Hefler LA (European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 2008) 3 22 44 58
  4. Lack of association between prohibitin 3' untranslated region C-->T polymorphism and breast cancer in a Turkish population. (PMID: 18494604) Karakus N … Ulusoy AN (DNA and cell biology 2008) 3 22 44 58
  5. The 3' untranslated region C > T polymorphism of prohibitin is a breast cancer risk modifier in Polish women carrying a BRCA1 mutation. (PMID: 17004108) Jakubowska A … Hamann U (Breast cancer research and treatment 2007) 3 22 44 58

Products for PHB Gene

Sources for PHB Gene

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