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Aliases for MIF Gene

Aliases for MIF Gene

  • Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor 2 3 3 5
  • Phenylpyruvate Tautomerase 2 3 4
  • Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor) 2 3
  • Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor 2 4
  • L-Dopachrome Tautomerase 3 4
  • L-Dopachrome Isomerase 3 4
  • GLIF 3 4
  • MMIF 3 4
  • GIF 3 4
  • EC 4
  • EC 4

External Ids for MIF Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MIF Gene

  • GLIF

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIF Gene

  • GC22P020896
  • GC22P022560
  • GC22P022561
  • GC22P022369
  • GC22P024236
  • GC22P007221

Summaries for MIF Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MIF Gene

  • This gene encodes a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation. It plays a role in the regulation of macrophage function in host defense through the suppression of anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. This lymphokine and the JAB1 protein form a complex in the cytosol near the peripheral plasma membrane, which may indicate an additional role in integrin signaling pathways. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MIF Gene

MIF (Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MIF include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Juvenile and Pulmonary Hemosiderosis. Among its related pathways are MIF Action Through Endocytic Pathway and Adipogenesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and cytokine receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

  • Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity.

Tocris Summary for MIF Gene

  • Cytokines are proteinaceous signaling compounds that are major mediators of the immune response. They control many different cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation and cell survival/apoptosis but are also involved in several pathophysiological processes.

Gene Wiki entry for MIF Gene

Additional gene information for MIF Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MIF Gene

Genomics for MIF Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for MIF Gene

Promoters and enhancers for MIF Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J023892 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 +1.2 1185 4.7 HDGF SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 IRF4 YY1 POLR2B E2F8 ZNF416 GC22M026481 GC22M026515 GC22M026540 GC22M026541 PIR39268 PIR31195 PIR31522 PIR56395 PIR56604 PIR40684
GH22J023893 Enhancer 0.6 FANTOM5 dbSUPER 650.7 -1.6 -1645 0.1 ZNF280D TRIM28 SETDB1 GC22M026513 GC22M026553 MIF PIR31612 PIR56604 PIR40684 PIR32728 PIR49022 PIR33169 PIR50058
GH22J024042 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE 10.7 +149.3 149310 0.7 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B YY1 FOS RXRA SP5 MXD4 REST NFIL3 MIF MIF-AS1 RN7SL268P ENSG00000251357 SLC2A11 CABIN1 ENSG00000232545
GH22J023692 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 10.5 -198.8 -198821 6.3 CTCF EBF1 POLR2A EED IKZF2 CREM RUNX3 ZNF687 CBFB MEF2B ENSG00000234353 C22orf15 MMP11 CHCHD10 VPREB3 ZNF70 SMARCB1 ENSG00000251357 SLC2A11 RN7SL268P
GH22J023804 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 -88.3 -88339 1.8 HDGF ZNF687 EED IKZF1 ZBTB33 MLLT1 IKZF2 RUNX3 CREM MMP11 CHCHD10 SMARCB1 C22orf15 SLC2A11 ENSG00000251357 RN7SL268P MIF GUSBP11 MIF-AS1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around MIF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the MIF gene promoter:
  • p53
  • Sp1
  • CREB
  • deltaCREB
  • FOXJ2

Genomic Locations for MIF Gene

Genomic Locations for MIF Gene
1,224 bases
Plus strand
1,224 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MIF Gene

Genes around MIF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MIF Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MIF Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MIF Gene

Proteins for MIF Gene

  • Protein details for MIF Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Macrophage migration inhibitory factor
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A5Z1R8
    • B2R4S3
    • Q2V4Y5
    • Q6FHV0

    Protein attributes for MIF Gene

    115 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    12476 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotrimer. Interacts with CXCR2 extracellular domain (By similarity). Interacts with the CD74 extracellular domain, COPS5 and BNIPL.
    • Serum levels of MIF are elevated in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. High levels of MIF are correlated with low survival. Drugs that inhibit tautomerase activity protect against death due to sepsis.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MIF Gene

neXtProt entry for MIF Gene

Post-translational modifications for MIF Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MIF Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MIF Gene

Domains & Families for MIF Gene

Gene Families for MIF Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MIF Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the MIF family.
  • Belongs to the MIF family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MIF: view

Function for MIF Gene

Molecular function for MIF Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Keto-phenylpyruvate = enol-phenylpyruvate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-dopachrome = 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=249 uM for phenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; KM=168 uM for p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; Vmax=2113 umol/min/mg enzyme toward phenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; Vmax=524 umol/min/mg enzyme toward p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated in concanavalin-A-treated lymphocytes. Up-regulated in macrophages upon exposure to M.tuberculosis antigens.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
macrophage migration inhibitory factor,12.3kDa,expressed in T cells and various tissues,including immunologically privileged lens and brain,also involved in mitogenic response and the control of cell cycle progression,maybe the same as DDT

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MIF Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for MIF Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002020 protease binding IEA --
GO:0004167 dopachrome isomerase activity IDA,IEA 17526494
GO:0005102 signaling receptor binding IPI 12782713
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IDA,IEA 12782713
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding IPI 17045821
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MIF: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MIF Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MIF Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MIF:
  • Mif Mif<tm1Gfr>
  • Mif Mif<tm1Dvd>
  • Mif Mif<tm1Mky>

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MIF Gene

Localization for MIF Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

Secreted. Cytoplasm. Note=Does not have a cleavable signal sequence and is secreted via a specialized, non-classical pathway. Secreted by macrophages upon stimulation by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or by M.tuberculosis antigens. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15908412}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MIF gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (3)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 21817065
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view

Pathways & Interactions for MIF Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MIF: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for MIF Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001516 prostaglandin biosynthetic process IDA 12782713
GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0002376 immune system process IEA --
GO:0002906 negative regulation of mature B cell apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view

Drugs & Compounds for MIF Gene

(57) Drugs for MIF Gene - From: DrugBank, ClinicalTrials, DGIdb, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Citric Acid Approved, Vet_approved Nutra Agonist, Activator, Target 1243
Pirfenidone Approved, Investigational Pharma TGF-β production inhibitor, Antifibrotic agent; regulates cytokine levels in vivo 65
Thalidomide Approved, Investigational, Withdrawn Pharma Immunomodulatory agent,sedative drug,angiogenesis inhibitor, Immunomodulatory agents, TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor 1195
3-(4-HYDROXY-PHENYL)PYRUVIC ACID Experimental Pharma Target 0

(41) Additional Compounds for MIF Gene - From: Novoseek, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 2-L-Carboxy-2,3-dihydroindole-5,6-quinone
2-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propenoic acid
  • 4,alpha-Dihydroxycinnamic acid
  • 4,a-Dihydroxycinnamate
  • 4,a-Dihydroxycinnamic acid
  • 4,alpha-Dihydroxycinnamate
  • 4,α-dihydroxycinnamate
4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid
  • (P-Hydroxyphenyl)pyruvic acid
  • 3-(4-HYDROXY-phenyl)pyruvIC ACID
  • 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)pyruvic acid
  • 3-(P-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxopropanoic acid
  • 4-Hydroxy alpha-oxobenzenepropanoic acid
5,6-Dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid
  • 5,6-DHICA
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-2-indolecarboxylic acid
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-2-indolylcarboxylic acid
  • 5,6-Dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylate
  • DHI2c
  • enol-Phenylpyruvic acid
  • enol-alpha-Ketohydrocinnamic acid
  • enol-a-Ketohydrocinnamate
  • enol-a-Ketohydrocinnamic acid
  • enol-alpha-Ketohydrocinnamate

(4) Tocris Compounds for MIF Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AS 101 Immunomodulator; inhibits IL-10 synthesis and potentiates IL-1alpha, IL-2 and TNF-alpha release 106566-58-9
GIT 27 Immunomodulator; reduces production of pro-inflammatory cytokines 6501-72-0
Pirfenidone Antifibrotic agent; regulates cytokine levels in vivo 53179-13-8
Thalidomide TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor 50-35-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MIF: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for MIF Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MIF Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(20) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1476) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for MIF Gene

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (glycosylation-inhibiting factor):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MIF Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MIF Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MIF Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MIF Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MIF Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (18.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for MIF Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MIF Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MIF Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MIF Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MIF Gene

  • Lung(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Skin(4.8)
  • Eye(4.7)
  • Blood(4.6)
  • Liver(4.6)
  • Pancreas(3.9)
  • Heart(3.4)
  • Spleen(3.4)
  • Kidney(3.3)
  • Intestine(2.9)
  • Muscle(2.8)
  • Stomach(2.7)
  • Lymph node(2.4)
  • Bone marrow(2.3)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
  • Thyroid gland(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MIF Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • head
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • lymph node
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MIF: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MIF Gene

Orthologs for MIF Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MIF Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MIF 34
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MIF 34 33
  • 93.62 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mif 33
  • 89.86 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mif 16 34 33
  • 88.7 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MIF 34
  • 78 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MIF 34
  • 76 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MIF 34 33
  • 75.07 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mif 33
  • 65.51 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MIF 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mif 34 33
  • 67.54 (n)
Dr.7856 33
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mif-1 34
  • 33 (a)
mif-2 34
  • 27 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 27 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MIF was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MIF Gene

Gene Tree for MIF (if available)
Gene Tree for MIF (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for MIF: view image

Paralogs for MIF Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for MIF Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MIF: view

No data available for Paralogs for MIF Gene

Variants for MIF Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MIF Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1002019906 -- 23,892,795(+) T/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1002472066 -- 23,895,714(+) T/A downstream_transcript_variant
rs1002754971 -- 23,895,533(+) C/A downstream_transcript_variant
rs1002990502 -- 23,894,523(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1003021375 -- 23,894,386(+) G/A 5_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MIF Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4528n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4531n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv8039n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv2724041 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3575443 CNV gain 25503493
esv3575444 CNV gain 25503493
esv3575445 CNV gain 25503493
esv3893457 CNV gain 25118596
esv3893461 CNV gain 25118596
nsv1062411 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1066891 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1110863 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv3577 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv511075 OTHER complex 20534489
nsv526567 CNV gain 19592680
nsv588647 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7350 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv834155 CNV gain+loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for MIF Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 0.39; 8.64% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for MIF Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

Disorders for MIF Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(23) MalaCards diseases for MIF Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
rheumatoid arthritis, systemic juvenile
  • systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
pulmonary hemosiderosis
  • brown induration
  • inflammatory disorder of joint
macular holes
  • macular hole
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MIF in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Rheumatoid arthritis systemic juvenile (RASJ) [MIM:604302]: An inflammatory articular disorder with systemic-onset beginning before the age of 16. It represents a subgroup of juvenile arthritis associated with severe extraarticular features and occasionally fatal complications. During active phases of the disorder, patients display a typical daily spiking fever, an evanescent macular rash, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11508429}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. {ECO:0000305}.

Additional Disease Information for MIF

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MIF: view

No data available for Genatlas for MIF Gene

Publications for MIF Gene

  1. A polymorphism in the macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene is involved in the genetic predisposition of Crohn's disease and associated with cumulative steroid doses. (PMID: 17591062) Griga T … Klein W (Hepato-gastroenterology 2007) 3 22 44 58
  2. Serum macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the intercritical phase of hereditary periodic fevers and its relationship with the MIF-173G/C polymorphism. (PMID: 17763209) Rigante D … Stabile A (Scandinavian journal of rheumatology 2007) 3 22 44 58
  3. A macrophage migration inhibitory factor promoter polymorphism is associated with high-density parasitemia in children with malaria. (PMID: 16929348) Awandare GA … Perkins DJ (Genes and immunity 2006) 3 22 44 58
  4. Correlation of rheumatoid arthritis severity with the genetic functional variants and circulating levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor. (PMID: 16200611) Radstake TR … van Riel PL (Arthritis and rheumatism 2005) 3 22 44 58
  5. Coumarin and chromen-4-one analogues as tautomerase inhibitors of macrophage migration inhibitory factor: discovery and X-ray crystallography. (PMID: 11170644) Orita M … Tanaka A (Journal of medicinal chemistry 2001) 3 4 22 58

Products for MIF Gene

Sources for MIF Gene

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