Aliases for MEIS2 Gene
External Ids for MEIS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MEIS2 Gene
This gene encodes a homeobox protein belonging to the TALE ('three amino acid loop extension') family of homeodomain-containing proteins. TALE homeobox proteins are highly conserved transcription regulators, and several members have been shown to be essential contributors to developmental programs. Multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MEIS2 Gene
MEIS2 (Meis Homeobox 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MEIS2 include Cleft Palate, Cardiac Defects, And Mental Retardation and Chromosome 15Q14 Deletion Syndrome. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is MEIS1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MEIS2 Gene
Involved in transcriptional regulation. Binds to HOX or PBX proteins to form dimers, or to a DNA-bound dimer of PBX and HOX proteins and thought to have a role in stabilization of the homeoprotein-DNA complex. Isoform 3 is required for the activity of a PDX1:PBX1b:MEIS2b complex in pancreatic acinar cells involved in the transcriptional activation of the ELA1 enhancer; the complex binds to the enhancer B element and cooperates with the transcription factor 1 complex (PTF1) bound to the enhancer A element; MEIS2 is not involved in complex DNA-binding. Probably in complex with PBX1, is involved in transcriptional regulation by KLF4. Isoform 3 and isoform 4 can bind to a EPHA8 promoter sequence containing the DNA motif 5-CGGTCA-3; in cooperation with a PBX protein (such as PBX2) is proposed to be involved in the transcriptional activation of EPHA8 in the developing midbrain. May be involved in regulation of myeloid differentiation. Can bind to the DNA sequence 5-TGACAG-3in the activator ACT sequence of the D(1A) dopamine receptor (DRD1) promoter and activate DRD1 transcription; isoform 5 cannot activate DRD1 transcription.