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Aliases for LGALS2 Gene

Aliases for LGALS2 Gene

  • Galectin 2 2 3 5
  • Beta-Galactoside-Binding Lectin L-14-II 3 4
  • Lectin, Galactoside-Binding, Soluble, 2 2 3
  • Lactose-Binding Lectin 2 3 4
  • S-Lac Lectin 2 3 4
  • Gal-2 3 4
  • HL14 3 4
  • Galectin-2 3

External Ids for LGALS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LGALS2 Gene

  • GC22M034580
  • GC22M036209
  • GC22M036290
  • GC22M037966
  • GC22M020933

Summaries for LGALS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LGALS2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a soluble beta-galactoside binding lectin. The encoded protein is found as a homodimer and can bind to lymphotoxin-alpha. A single nucleotide polymorphism in an intron of this gene can alter the transcriptional level of the protein, with a resultant increased risk of myocardial infarction. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for LGALS2 Gene

LGALS2 (Galectin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LGALS2 include Myocardial Infarction and Coronary Artery Anomaly. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and galactoside binding. An important paralog of this gene is LGALS1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS2 Gene

  • This protein binds beta-galactoside. Its physiological function is not yet known.

Gene Wiki entry for LGALS2 Gene

Additional gene information for LGALS2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LGALS2 Gene

Genomics for LGALS2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LGALS2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LGALS2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J037573 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 708.3 +4.1 4111 9.5 ELF3 YY1 ZNF121 EGR1 IKZF2 RUNX3 EGR2 ZNF362 RXRA USF2 LGALS2 ENSG00000273866 GC22M043058 DDX17 PLA2G6 GGA1 SH3BP1 CARD10 LOC101927051 CDC42EP1
GH22J037558 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 48.5 +17.1 17094 13.7 MLX DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 SP3 SSRP1 ZNF610 GLIS1 CDC42EP1 LGALS2 GGA1 ANKRD54 EIF3L IFT27 DDX17 TRIOBP GCAT H1F0
GH22J037745 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 -168.1 -168099 10.9 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF207 FOS RUNX3 TRIOBP H1F0 GCAT GGA1 LGALS2 PICK1 LGALS1 ANKRD54 POLR2F CDC42EP1
GH22J037538 Enhancer 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17 +43.7 43703 1 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZNF48 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 LGALS2 GGA1 GCAT H1F0 ENSG00000225867 CARD10 GC22P037518 GC22M043058
GH22J037541 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.7 +40.3 40278 1.8 INSM2 FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF335 ZNF366 ATF7 FOS IKZF2 ZNF362 SP3 GGA1 LGALS2 PLA2G6 CDC42EP1 SH3BP1 ENSG00000225867 GC22P037518 CARD10 GC22M043058
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around LGALS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LGALS2 gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • c-Jun
  • ATF-2
  • ATF6

Genomic Locations for LGALS2 Gene

Genomic Locations for LGALS2 Gene
12,371 bases
Minus strand
12,371 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for LGALS2 Gene

Genes around LGALS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LGALS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LGALS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LGALS2 Gene

Proteins for LGALS2 Gene

  • Protein details for LGALS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6FGY4

    Protein attributes for LGALS2 Gene

    132 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14644 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for LGALS2 Gene

neXtProt entry for LGALS2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for LGALS2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LGALS2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Boster Bio Antibodies for LGALS2

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LGALS2 Gene

Domains & Families for LGALS2 Gene

Gene Families for LGALS2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LGALS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LGALS2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LGALS2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS2 Gene

Function for LGALS2 Gene

Molecular function for LGALS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
This protein binds beta-galactoside. Its physiological function is not yet known.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
lectin,galactoside-beta binding,soluble 2 (L14-II)

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LGALS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LGALS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15129282
GO:0016936 galactoside binding IEA --
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LGALS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LGALS2: view

Animal Models for LGALS2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LGALS2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for LGALS2

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for LGALS2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LGALS2 Gene

Localization for LGALS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LGALS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 3
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Mitochondria (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LGALS2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for LGALS2 Gene

SuperPathways for LGALS2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LGALS2 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for LGALS2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LGALS2 Gene

(1) Drugs for LGALS2 Gene - From: DrugBank

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Beta-D-Glucose Experimental Pharma Target 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LGALS2: view

Transcripts for LGALS2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LGALS2 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(39) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for LGALS2 Gene

Lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble, 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for LGALS2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LGALS2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for LGALS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LGALS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LGALS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LGALS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x16.4), Pancreas (x15.7), Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x8.0), and Colon - Transverse (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LGALS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal gut (22.4), Islet of Langerhans (22.3), Pancreas (13.4), and Kidney (7.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for LGALS2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LGALS2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LGALS2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LGALS2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LGALS2 Gene

  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Gall bladder(2.3)
  • Pancreas(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LGALS2: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LGALS2 Gene

Orthologs for LGALS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for LGALS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LGALS2 34 33
  • 99.24 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LGALS2 34 33
  • 84.62 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LGALS2 33
  • 81.54 (n)
  • 78 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lgals2 16 34 33
  • 74.62 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lgals2 33
  • 74.62 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LGALS2 34
  • 58 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LGALS2 34
  • 44 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LGALS2 34 33
  • 61.83 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia lgals2 33
  • 57.76 (n)
Species where no ortholog for LGALS2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for LGALS2 Gene

Gene Tree for LGALS2 (if available)
Gene Tree for LGALS2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for LGALS2: view image

Paralogs for LGALS2 Gene

Paralogs for LGALS2 Gene

(10) SIMAP similar genes for LGALS2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LGALS2: view

Variants for LGALS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LGALS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
VAR_036570 A breast cancer sample p.Glu132Gln
rs1000161059 -- 37,577,250(-) C/G intron_variant
rs1000359445 -- 37,572,699(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000424665 -- 37,581,457(-) A/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000888932 -- 37,578,017(-) A/G intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LGALS2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1057617 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1059320 CNV loss 25217958
nsv829203 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834191 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for LGALS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.96; 59.79% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LGALS2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS2 Gene

Disorders for LGALS2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for LGALS2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
myocardial infarction
  • myocardial infarction, susceptibility to
coronary artery anomaly
  • coronary heart disease
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for LGALS2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LGALS2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for LGALS2 Gene

Publications for LGALS2 Gene

  1. Lack of association between lymphotoxin-alpha, galectin-2 polymorphisms and coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis. (PMID: 19726041) Li W … Hui R (Atherosclerosis 2010) 3 22 44 58
  2. Galectin-2 3279TT variant protects against the lymphotoxin-alpha 252GG genotype associated ischaemic stroke. (PMID: 19013708) Szolnoki Z … Melegh B (Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 2009) 3 22 44 58
  3. Galectin-2 (LGALS2) 3279C/T polymorphism may be independently associated with diastolic blood pressure in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. (PMID: 19330599) Panoulas VF … Kitas GD (Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993) 2009) 3 22 44 58
  4. Lymphotoxin 252A>G polymorphism is common and associates with myocardial infarction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. (PMID: 18230628) Panoulas VF … Kitas GD (Annals of the rheumatic diseases 2008) 3 22 44 58
  5. Association of variants in the BAT1-NFKBIL1-LTA genomic region with protection against myocardial infarction in Europeans. (PMID: 17517687) Koch W … Kastrati A (Human molecular genetics 2007) 3 22 44 58

Products for LGALS2 Gene

  • Boster Bio Antibodies for LGALS2
  • Boster Bio ELISA Kits for LGALS2

Sources for LGALS2 Gene

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