Aliases for LAMP2 Gene
External Ids for LAMP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LAMP2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of a family of membrane glycoproteins. This glycoprotein provides selectins with carbohydrate ligands. It may play a role in tumor cell metastasis. It may also function in the protection, maintenance, and adhesion of the lysosome. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for LAMP2 Gene
LAMP2 (Lysosomal Associated Membrane Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LAMP2 include Danon Disease and Atrial Standstill 1. Among its related pathways are Phagosome and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is LAMP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LAMP2 Gene
Plays an important role in chaperone-mediated autophagy, a process that mediates lysosomal degradation of proteins in response to various stresses and as part of the normal turnover of proteins with a long biological half-live (PubMed:8662539, PubMed:11082038, PubMed:18644871, PubMed:24880125, PubMed:27628032). Functions by binding target proteins, such as GAPDH and MLLT11, and targeting them for lysosomal degradation (PubMed:8662539, PubMed:11082038, PubMed:18644871, PubMed:24880125). Plays a role in lysosomal protein degradation in response to starvation (By similarity). Required for the fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes during autophagy (PubMed:27628032). Cells that lack LAMP2 express normal levels of VAMP8, but fail to accumulate STX17 on autophagosomes, which is the most likely explanation for the lack of fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes (PubMed:27628032). Required for normal degradation of the contents of autophagosomes (PubMed:27628032). Required for efficient MHCII-mediated presentation of exogenous antigens via its function in lysosomal protein degradation; antigenic peptides generated by proteases in the endosomal/lysosomal compartment are captured by nascent MHCII subunits (PubMed:20518820). Is not required for efficient MHCII-mediated presentation of endogenous antigens (PubMed:20518820).
Isoform LAMP-2C: Modulates chaperone-mediated autophagy. Decreases presentation of endogenous antigens by MHCII. Does not play a role in the presentation of exogenous and membrane-derived antigens by MHCII.