Aliases for IMPA1 Gene
External Ids for IMPA1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for IMPA1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IMPA1 Gene
This gene encodes an enzyme that dephosphorylates myo-inositol monophosphate to generate free myo-inositol, a precursor of phosphatidylinositol, and is therefore an important modulator of intracellular signal transduction via the production of the second messengers myoinositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol. This enzyme can also use myo-inositol-1,3-diphosphate, myo-inositol-1,4-diphosphate, scyllo-inositol-phosphate, glucose-1-phosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-1-phosphate, beta-glycerophosphate, and 2'-AMP as substrates. This enzyme shows magnesium-dependent phosphatase activity and is inhibited by therapeutic concentrations of lithium. Inhibition of inositol monophosphate hydroylosis and subsequent depletion of inositol for phosphatidylinositol synthesis may explain the anti-manic and anti-depressive effects of lithium administered to treat bipolar disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. A pseudogene of this gene is also present on chromosome 8q21.13. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
GeneCards Summary for IMPA1 Gene
IMPA1 (Inositol Monophosphatase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IMPA1 include Mental Retardation, Autosomal Recessive 59 and Bipolar Disorder. Among its related pathways are Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway and Inositol phosphate metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and magnesium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is IMPA2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IMPA1 Gene
Responsible for the provision of inositol required for synthesis of phosphatidylinositol and polyphosphoinositides and has been implicated as the pharmacological target for lithium action in brain. Has broad substrate specificity and can use myo-inositol monophosphates, myo-inositol 1,3-diphosphate, myo-inositol 1,4-diphosphate, scyllo-inositol-phosphate, D-galactose 1-phosphate, glucose-1-phosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-1-phosphate, beta-glycerophosphate, and 2-AMP as substrates.