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Aliases for TLX1 Gene

Aliases for TLX1 Gene

  • T Cell Leukemia Homeobox 1 2 3 5
  • Homeo Box-11 (T-Cell Leukemia-3 Associated Breakpoint, Homologous To Drosophila Notch) 2 3
  • Homeo Box 11 (T-Cell Lymphoma 3-Associated Breakpoint) 2 2
  • T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Protein 3 3 4
  • Homeobox Protein Hox-11 3 4
  • Proto-Oncogene TCL-3 3 4
  • HOX11 3 4
  • TCL3 3 4
  • T-Cell Leukemia Homeobox Protein 1 3
  • T-Cell Leukemia, Homeobox 1 2
  • T-Cell Leukemia Homeobox 1 2

External Ids for TLX1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TLX1 Gene

  • TCL3
  • HOX11

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TLX1 Gene

  • GC10P101783
  • GC10P102123
  • GC10P103021
  • GC10P102554
  • GC10P102880
  • GC10P096520
  • GC10P102889

Summaries for TLX1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TLX1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a nuclear transcription factor that belongs to the NK-linked or NK-like (NKL) subfamily of homeobox genes. The encoded protein is required for normal development of the spleen during embryogenesis. This protein is also involved in specification of neuronal cell fates. Ectopic expression of this gene due to chromosomal translocations is associated with certain T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TLX1 Gene

TLX1 (T Cell Leukemia Homeobox 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TLX1 include Precursor T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and T-Cell Leukemia. Among its related pathways are Cell Differentiation - Index and Transcriptional misregulation in cancer. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is TLX3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TLX1 Gene

  • Controls the genesis of the spleen. Binds to the DNA sequence 5-GGCGGTAAGTGG-3.

Gene Wiki entry for TLX1 Gene

Additional gene information for TLX1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TLX1 Gene

Genomics for TLX1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TLX1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TLX1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH10J101131 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew dbSUPER 650.7 +0.8 791 0.1 MEIS2 PKNOX1 ZBTB6 SUZ12 FEZF1 ZIC2 ZNF366 PATZ1 PRDM10 KLF8 TLX1 TLX1NB
GH10J101132 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 EPDnew dbSUPER 650.7 +0.6 574 0.1 PKNOX1 ZBTB6 ZNF121 ZNF366 PRDM10 KLF8 EZH2 EGR2 ZNF639 SP3 TLX1 TLX1NB
GH10J101030 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.6 -97.3 -97258 6.4 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF143 FOS PDZD7 MRPL43 TWNK KAZALD1 TLX1 TLX1NB SEMA4G ENSG00000236662 MIR608 CWF19L1
GH10J101485 Enhancer 1.7 VISTA UCNEbase Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 +355.5 355548 1.6 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF121 ZNF213 RXRA TSHZ1 GC10P101487 RNU2-43P DPCD TLX1 POLL KCNIP2-AS1 MFSD13A GC10M101454 BTRC
GH10J101161 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE 11.4 +31.4 31424 0.2 ELF3 RB1 ARID4B SIN3A STAT5A ZNF2 RAD21 RFX5 ZEB1 SCRT2 TLX1NB TLX1 RNY5P7
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around TLX1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TLX1 gene promoter:
  • Nkx2-5
  • p300
  • Pbx1a
  • POU2F1
  • POU2F1a
  • STAT1alpha
  • STAT1beta
  • STAT1

Genomic Locations for TLX1 Gene

Genomic Locations for TLX1 Gene
7,285 bases
Plus strand
8,290 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TLX1 Gene

Genes around TLX1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TLX1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TLX1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TLX1 Gene

Proteins for TLX1 Gene

  • Protein details for TLX1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    T-cell leukemia homeobox protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1L4G3
    • O75699
    • Q5VXP2
    • Q9HCA0
    • Q9UD59

    Protein attributes for TLX1 Gene

    330 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    34365 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MEIS1, MEIS2, PBX1, PBX2 and PBX3.
    • TLX1 is oriented in a head-to-head manner with TDI. Both genes share the same promoter with robust bidirectional activity.

    Alternative splice isoforms for TLX1 Gene


neXtProt entry for TLX1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TLX1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TLX1 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for TLX1
  • Boster Bio Antibodies for TLX1

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TLX1 Gene

Domains & Families for TLX1 Gene

Gene Families for TLX1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Protein Domains for TLX1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TLX1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TLX1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TLX1 Gene

Function for TLX1 Gene

Molecular function for TLX1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Controls the genesis of the spleen. Binds to the DNA sequence 5-GGCGGTAAGTGG-3.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TLX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding NAS 19274049
GO:0001077 transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19559479
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TLX1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TLX1: view

Animal Models for TLX1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TLX1:
  • Tlx1 Tlx1<tm1Sjk>
  • Tlx1 Tlx1<tm1Thr>
  • Tlx1 Tlx1<tm1.1(cre/ERT2)Rygo>

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TLX1 Gene

Localization for TLX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TLX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TLX1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TLX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TLX1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TLX1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TLX1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TLX1: view

Pathways by source for TLX1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for TLX1 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for TLX1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TLX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA --
GO:0006366 transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0045944 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TLX1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TLX1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TLX1 Gene

(3) Drugs for TLX1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(2) Additional Compounds for TLX1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TLX1: view

Transcripts for TLX1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TLX1 Gene

(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(16) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(5) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TLX1 Gene

T-cell leukemia homeobox 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TLX1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for TLX1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TLX1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TLX1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TLX1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (x42.9) and Minor Salivary Gland (x7.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TLX1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for TLX1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TLX1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TLX1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TLX1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TLX1 Gene

  • Blood(4.4)
  • Bone marrow(4.2)
  • Spleen(2.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TLX1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • mesoderm
  • immune
  • lymphatic
  • blood
  • bone marrow
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TLX1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TLX1 Gene

Orthologs for TLX1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TLX1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TLX1 34 33
  • 98.96 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TLX1 34 33
  • 91.72 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TLX1 34 33
  • 91.11 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tlx1 33
  • 89.39 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tlx1 16 34 33
  • 89.29 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TLX1 34
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TLX1 34
  • 77 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TLX1 34 33
  • 77.7 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TLX1 34
  • 77 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tlx1 33
  • 70.01 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia tlx1-A-prov 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tlx1 34 33
  • 67.95 (n)
tlx3a 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta C15 34 35
  • 36 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ceh-9 34
  • 35 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 31 (a)
Cin.1269 33
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1269 33
Species where no ortholog for TLX1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TLX1 Gene

Gene Tree for TLX1 (if available)
Gene Tree for TLX1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for TLX1: view image

Paralogs for TLX1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TLX1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • G3V1B7_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TLX1: view

Variants for TLX1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TLX1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000384061 -- 101,138,128(+) T/C downstream_transcript_variant
rs1000789480 -- 101,130,678(+) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000905633 -- 101,130,454(+) T/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000986355 -- 101,136,684(+) G/C 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs1001418939 -- 101,136,423(+) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TLX1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3624369 CNV gain 21293372
nsv508603 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv831966 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for TLX1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 49.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.19; 39.57% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TLX1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TLX1 Gene

Disorders for TLX1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(7) MalaCards diseases for TLX1 Gene - From: Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
precursor t-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • precursor t-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
t-cell leukemia
  • leukemia t-cell
lymphoblastic leukemia
  • acute lymphocytic leukemia
cloacal exstrophy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TLX1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving TLX1 may be a cause of a form of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Translocation t(10;14)(q24;q11) with TCRD. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:1676542, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1681546, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1717256}.

Additional Disease Information for TLX1

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TLX1: view

No data available for Genatlas for TLX1 Gene

Publications for TLX1 Gene

  1. MEIS proteins as partners of the TLX1/HOX11 oncoprotein. (PMID: 19559479) Milech N … Watt PM (Leukemia research 2010) 3 4 22 58
  2. A promoter with bidirectional activity is located between TLX1/HOX11 and a divergently transcribed novel human gene. (PMID: 17303350) Greene WK … Bellgard MI (Gene 2007) 3 4 22 58
  3. Sequence of 10q24 locus surrounding the HOX11 oncogene reveals a new gene HUG1 expressed in a T-ALL cell line. (PMID: 10393251) Watt PM … Kees UR (Gene 1999) 3 4 22 58
  4. Multiple negative elements contribute to repression of the HOX11 proto-oncogene. (PMID: 9778044) Brake RL … Watt PM (Oncogene 1998) 3 4 22 58
  5. Genomic organization of the putative human homeobox proto-oncogene HOX-11 (TCL-3) and its endogenous expression in T cells. (PMID: 1352396) Lu M … Ho AD (Oncogene 1992) 3 4 22 58

Products for TLX1 Gene

Sources for TLX1 Gene

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