Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PES1 Gene

Aliases for PES1 Gene

  • Pescadillo Ribosomal Biogenesis Factor 1 2 3 5
  • Pescadillo (Zebrafish) Homolog 1, Containing BRCT Domain 2
  • Pescadillo Homolog 1, Containing BRCT Domain (Zebrafish) 2
  • Pescadillo Homolog 1, Containing BRCT Domain 3
  • Pescadillo Homolog 3
  • NOP7 3
  • PES 3

External Ids for PES1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PES1 Gene

  • GC22M027668
  • GC22M029297
  • GC22M030972
  • GC22M013934

Summaries for PES1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PES1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a nuclear protein that contains a breast cancer associated gene 1 (BRCA1) C-terminal interaction domain. The encoded protein interacts with BOP1 and WDR12 to form the PeBoW complex, which plays a critical role in cell proliferation via pre-rRNA processing and 60S ribosomal subunit maturation. Expression of this gene may play an important role in breast cancer proliferation and tumorigenicity. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene are located on the long arm of chromosome 4 and the short arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PES1 Gene

PES1 (Pescadillo Ribosomal Biogenesis Factor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PES1 include Transcobalamin Ii Deficiency and Yellow Nail Syndrome. Among its related pathways are rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol and Gene Expression. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ribonucleoprotein complex binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PES1 Gene

  • Component of the PeBoW complex, which is required for maturation of 28S and 5.8S ribosomal RNAs and formation of the 60S ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for PES1 Gene

Additional gene information for PES1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PES1 Gene

Genomics for PES1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PES1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PES1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J030605 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 661.6 -1.0 -988 5.5 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A YY1 ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS SP5 JUNB TCN2 PES1 TUG1 MORC2 OSM SLC35E4 ENSG00000250318 SEC14L6 SMTN DUSP18
GH22J030589 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 665.5 +15.7 15683 2.8 PKNOX1 CLOCK FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF766 PES1 MORC2 TCN2 SF3A1 LINC01521 RNF215 SLC35E4 TUG1 ENSG00000223831 GAL3ST1
GH22J030234 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 35.8 +360.4 360353 24.6 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B ZNF416 ZNF143 FOS ZNF263 SP5 LIF ENSG00000268812 TUG1 SF3A1 EWSR1 MORC2 PES1 RNF215 TBC1D10A THOC5
GH22J031159 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 34.2 -553.6 -553568 2.4 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 RNF185 MIR3928 TUG1 MORC2 SF3A1 PES1 PRR14L DEPDC5 TBC1D10A ENSG00000268812
GH22J030415 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 21.1 +185.6 185644 11.6 MLX FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 SP3 RNF215 ENSG00000273350 MTFP1 RNU6-564P ENSG00000272689 TUG1 SF3A1 TBC1D10A SEC14L3 PES1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PES1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PES1 gene promoter:
  • p53
  • GATA-3
  • GATA-2
  • GATA-1
  • AML1a
  • AP-4
  • Pax-4a

Genomic Locations for PES1 Gene

Genomic Locations for PES1 Gene
30,459 bases
Minus strand
30,459 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PES1 Gene

Genes around PES1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PES1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PES1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PES1 Gene

Proteins for PES1 Gene

  • Protein details for PES1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Pescadillo homolog
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6IC29

    Protein attributes for PES1 Gene

    588 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    68003 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the PeBoW complex, composed of BOP1, PES1 and WDR12 (PubMed:16043514, PubMed:16738141, PubMed:17189298, PubMed:17353269). The complex is held together by BOP1, which interacts with PES1 via its N-terminal domain and with WDR12 via a high-affinity interaction between the seven-bladed beta-propeller domains of the 2 proteins. The PeBoW complex associates with the 66S pre-ribosome (By similarity). The PeBoW complex also associates with DDX27, PES1 interacts directly with DDX27 (PubMed:25825154). Interacts with IRS1 and UBTF. May interact with MAP1B (By similarity).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PES1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PES1 Gene


neXtProt entry for PES1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PES1 Gene

  • Sumoylated.
  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=2533, isoforms=2441, Lys331, isoforms=281, and isoforms=268
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PES1 Gene

Domains & Families for PES1 Gene

Gene Families for PES1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for PES1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the pescadillo family.
  • Belongs to the pescadillo family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PES1: view

Function for PES1 Gene

Molecular function for PES1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of the PeBoW complex, which is required for maturation of 28S and 5.8S ribosomal RNAs and formation of the 60S ribosome.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
pescadillo zebrafish homolog 1,putatively expressed and involved during early embryogenesis

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PES1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PES1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16043514
GO:0043021 ribonucleoprotein complex binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PES1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PES1: view

Animal Models for PES1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PES1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PES1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PES1

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PES1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PES1 Gene

Localization for PES1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PES1 Gene

Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Chromosome. Note=Appears to localize to the periphery of metaphase chromosomes during mitosis and to the prenucleolar bodies that form in mitotic cells prior to the actual nucleoli. {ECO:0000255 HAMAP-Rule:MF_03028}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PES1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleoli (4)
  • Nucleus (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PES1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000793 condensed chromosome IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005694 chromosome IEA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA,IEA 16738141
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PES1: view

Pathways & Interactions for PES1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PES1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PES1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000463 maturation of LSU-rRNA from tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) IMP 16738141
GO:0000466 maturation of 5.8S rRNA from tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) IMP 16738141
GO:0006364 rRNA processing TAS --
GO:0007000 nucleolus organization IEA --
GO:0008283 cell proliferation NAS 16043514
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PES1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PES1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PES1 Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for PES1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PES1: view

Transcripts for PES1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PES1 Gene

Pescadillo ribosomal biogenesis factor 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PES1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PES1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -
SP4: -
SP5: -
SP6: - -
SP8: -
SP10: -
SP11: -

ExUns: 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21

Relevant External Links for PES1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PES1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PES1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PES1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (39.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PES1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PES1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PES1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PES1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PES1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Significant levels are detected in a variety of cancer cell lines, including glioblastoma, breast carcinoma, colon carcinoma and cervical carcinoma cells. Levels are abnormally elevated in malignant tumors of astrocytic origin.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PES1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Skin(3.3)
  • Kidney(3)
  • Lung(2.6)
  • Blood(2.4)
  • Intestine(2.1)
  • Liver(2.1)
  • Eye(2)
  • Heart(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PES1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PES1 Gene

Orthologs for PES1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PES1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PES1 34 33
  • 98.98 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PES1 34
  • 97 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PES1 34 33
  • 88.16 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PES1 34 33
  • 85.57 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pes1 33
  • 85.53 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pes1 16 34 33
  • 85.19 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PES1 34
  • 82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PES1 34 33
  • 75.96 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PES1 34
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pes1 33
  • 70.15 (n)
MGC76219 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia pes1-prov 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pes 34 33 33
  • 69.67 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4417 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG4364 34 35 33
  • 59.48 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta PESC_ANOGA 33
  • 56.75 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lpd-7 34 33
  • 54.55 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AAR094W 33
  • 51.63 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes NOP7 36 34 33
  • 49.72 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D15268g 33
  • 48.9 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G14520 33
  • 52.95 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0699200 33
  • 53.83 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU00925 33
  • 56.99 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes ppp1 33
  • 51.18 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea Cin.12349 33
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.12349 33
Species where no ortholog for PES1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PES1 Gene

Gene Tree for PES1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PES1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PES1: view image

Paralogs for PES1 Gene Pseudogenes for PES1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PES1: view

No data available for Paralogs for PES1 Gene

Variants for PES1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PES1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1057338857 uncertain-significance, Transcobalamin II deficiency 30,607,141(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs141519384 uncertain-significance, Transcobalamin II deficiency 30,607,406(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs143029449 uncertain-significance, Transcobalamin II deficiency 30,607,088(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs199511962 uncertain-significance, Transcobalamin II deficiency 30,607,298(-) A/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs2240433 uncertain-significance, benign, Transcobalamin II deficiency 30,607,151(-) A/C/G upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PES1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1116333 CNV insertion 17803354
nsv1110864 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv588887 CNV loss 21841781
nsv829171 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834175 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for PES1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 45.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.78; 73.55% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PES1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PES1 Gene

Disorders for PES1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for PES1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
transcobalamin ii deficiency
  • tc ii deficiency
yellow nail syndrome
  • yns
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PES1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for PES1

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PES1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PES1 Gene

Publications for PES1 Gene

  1. Interdependence of Pes1, Bop1, and WDR12 controls nucleolar localization and assembly of the PeBoW complex required for maturation of the 60S ribosomal subunit. (PMID: 17353269) Rohrmoser M … Eick D (Molecular and cellular biology 2007) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Insertional mutagenesis in zebrafish identifies two novel genes, pescadillo and dead eye, essential for embryonic development. (PMID: 8985183) Allende ML … Hopkins N (Genes & development 1996) 2 3 4 22 58
  3. Dominant-negative Pes1 mutants inhibit ribosomal RNA processing and cell proliferation via incorporation into the PeBoW-complex. (PMID: 16738141) Grimm T … Eick D (Nucleic acids research 2006) 3 4 22 58
  4. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. (PMID: 10591208) Dunham I … O'Brien KP (Nature 1999) 2 3 4 58
  5. DEAD-box helicase DDX27 regulates 3' end formation of ribosomal 47S RNA and stably associates with the PeBoW-complex. (PMID: 25825154) Kellner M … Eick D (Experimental cell research 2015) 3 4 58

Products for PES1 Gene

Sources for PES1 Gene

Loading form....