Aliases for FMO3 Gene
External Ids for FMO3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FMO3 Gene
Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMO) are an important class of drug-metabolizing enzymes that catalyze the NADPH-dependent oxygenation of various nitrogen-,sulfur-, and phosphorous-containing xenobiotics such as therapeutic drugs, dietary compounds, pesticides, and other foreign compounds. The human FMO gene family is composed of 5 genes and multiple pseudogenes. FMO members have distinct developmental- and tissue-specific expression patterns. The expression of this FMO3 gene, the major FMO expressed in adult liver, can vary up to 20-fold between individuals. This inter-individual variation in FMO3 expression levels is likely to have significant effects on the rate at which xenobiotics are metabolised and, therefore, is of considerable interest to the pharmaceutical industry. This transmembrane protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum of many tissues. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Mutations in this gene cause the disorder trimethylaminuria (TMAu) which is characterized by the accumulation and excretion of unmetabolized trimethylamine and a distinctive body odor. In healthy individuals, trimethylamine is primarily converted to the non odorous trimethylamine N-oxide.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for FMO3 Gene
FMO3 (Flavin Containing Monooxygenase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FMO3 include Trimethylaminuria and Delusional Disorder. Among its related pathways are Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450 and Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and NADP binding. An important paralog of this gene is FMO2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FMO3 Gene
Involved in the oxidative metabolism of a variety of xenobiotics such as drugs and pesticides. It N-oxygenates primary aliphatic alkylamines as well as secondary and tertiary amines. Plays an important role in the metabolism of trimethylamine (TMA), via the production of TMA N-oxide (TMAO). Is also able to perform S-oxidation when acting on sulfide compounds (PubMed:9224773).