Aliases for SLC5A8 Gene
- Solute Carrier Family 5 Member 8 2 3 4 5
- Solute Carrier Family 5 (Sodium/Monocarboxylate Cotransporter), Member 8 2 3
- Solute Carrier Family 5 (Iodide Transporter), Member 8 2 3
- Electrogenic Sodium Monocarboxylate Cotransporter 3 4
- Sodium Iodide-Related Cotransporter 3 4
- Apical Iodide Transporter 3 4
External Ids for SLC5A8 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC5A8 Gene
SLC5A8 has been shown to transport iodide by a passive mechanism (Rodriguez et al., 2002 [PubMed 12107270]) and monocarboxylates and short-chain fatty acids by a sodium-coupled mechanism (Gopal et al., 2004 [PubMed 15322102]). In kidney, SLC5A8 functions as a high-affinity sodium-coupled lactate transporter involved in reabsorption of lactate and maintenance of blood lactate levels (Thangaraju et al., 2006 [PubMed 16873376]).[supplied by OMIM, Dec 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SLC5A8 Gene
SLC5A8 (Solute Carrier Family 5 Member 8) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transporter activity and symporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC5A12.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC5A8 Gene
Acts as an electrogenic sodium (Na(+)) and chloride (Cl-)-dependent sodium-coupled solute transporter, including transport of monocarboxylates (short-chain fatty acids including L-lactate, D-lactate, pyruvate, acetate, propionate, valerate and butyrate), lactate, mocarboxylate drugs (nicotinate, benzoate, salicylate and 5-aminosalicylate) and ketone bodies (beta-D-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate and alpha-ketoisocaproate), with a Na(+):substrate stoichiometry of between 4:1 and 2:1. Catalyzes passive carrier mediated diffusion of iodide. Mediates iodide transport from the thyrocyte into the colloid lumen through the apical membrane. May be responsible for the absorption of D-lactate and monocarboxylate drugs from the intestinal tract. Acts as a tumor suppressor, suppressing colony formation in colon cancer, prostate cancer and glioma cell lines. May play a critical role in the entry of L-lactate and ketone bodies into neurons by a process driven by an electrochemical Na(+) gradient and hence contribute to the maintenance of the energy status and function of neurons.