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Aliases for NOBOX Gene

Aliases for NOBOX Gene

  • NOBOX Oogenesis Homeobox 2 3 5
  • Newborn Ovary Homeobox-Encoding Gene 2
  • Newborn Ovary Homeobox-Encoding 3
  • Homeobox Protein NOBOX 3
  • TCAG_12042 3
  • OG-2 3
  • OG2X 3
  • POF5 3
  • OG2 3

External Ids for NOBOX Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NOBOX Gene

  • GC07M143533
  • GC07M143726
  • GC07M144094
  • GC07M138173

Summaries for NOBOX Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NOBOX Gene

  • This homeobox gene encodes a transcription factor that is thought to play a role in oogenesis. In mice, it is essential for folliculogenesis and regulation of oocyte-specific genes. Defects in this gene result in premature ovarian failure type 5.[provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

GeneCards Summary for NOBOX Gene

NOBOX (NOBOX Oogenesis Homeobox) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NOBOX include Premature Ovarian Failure 5 and Amenorrhea. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NOBOX Gene

  • Transcription factor which may play a role in oogenesis. Binds preferentially to the DNA sequences 5-TAATTG-3, 5-TAGTTG-3 and 5-TAATTA-3.

Gene Wiki entry for NOBOX Gene

Additional gene information for NOBOX Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NOBOX Gene

Genomics for NOBOX Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for NOBOX Gene

Promoters and enhancers for NOBOX Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07J144817 Enhancer 0.9 FANTOM5 ENCODE 1.4 -409.4 -409365 3.5 HDGF NR2F1 JUNB CEBPG BATF RELA ATF4 POLR2A NFATC1 ATF7 TPK1 NOBOX GC07M144690
GH07J144391 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +18.2 18211 0.4 CTCF ZNF654 ZNF362 FOXA2 FOXA3 TRIM22 REST MCM2 RAD21 FOXA1 ARHGEF34P OR2A20P NOBOX OR2A1-AS1
GH07J144407 Enhancer 0.4 ENCODE 0.7 +2.3 2263 1.8 ZNF335 CTBP1 RFX1 OR2A9P NOBOX OR2A1-AS1
GH07J144383 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 +24.8 24821 3.9 ZNF140 KLF17 CEBPG BATF HIC1 ZNF121 FOSL1 POLR2A EED FOSL2 ARHGEF34P OR2A1-AS1 OR2A20P LOC154761 NOBOX
GH07J144366 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 0.3 +44.1 44137 0.1 ARHGEF5 OR2A1-AS1 NOBOX
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around NOBOX on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NOBOX gene promoter:
  • AREB6
  • POU2F1a
  • POU2F1
  • Pax-4a
  • GATA-3
  • C/EBPbeta
  • HNF-1A
  • HNF-1
  • FOXF2

Genomic Locations for NOBOX Gene

Genomic Locations for NOBOX Gene
13,314 bases
Minus strand
12,988 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NOBOX Gene

Genes around NOBOX on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NOBOX Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NOBOX Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NOBOX Gene

Proteins for NOBOX Gene

  • Protein details for NOBOX Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Homeobox protein NOBOX
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NCD3
    • A8MZN5

    Protein attributes for NOBOX Gene

    691 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    73906 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAC12957.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for NOBOX Gene


neXtProt entry for NOBOX Gene

Post-translational modifications for NOBOX Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for NOBOX Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NOBOX Gene

Domains & Families for NOBOX Gene

Gene Families for NOBOX Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Protein Domains for NOBOX Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NOBOX Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NOBOX: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NOBOX Gene

Function for NOBOX Gene

Molecular function for NOBOX Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Transcription factor which may play a role in oogenesis. Binds preferentially to the DNA sequences 5-TAATTG-3, 5-TAGTTG-3 and 5-TAATTA-3.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NOBOX Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NOBOX Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding ISM 19274049
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 27798098
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NOBOX: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NOBOX: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for NOBOX Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for NOBOX Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NOBOX:
  • Nobox Nobox<tm1.1(KOMP)Vlcg>
  • Nobox Nobox<tm1Rajk>

Animal Model Products

miRNA for NOBOX Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NOBOX

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NOBOX Gene

Localization for NOBOX Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NOBOX Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NOBOX gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NOBOX Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NOBOX: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for NOBOX Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NOBOX Gene

SuperPathways for NOBOX Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for NOBOX Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NOBOX Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IDA 27798098
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NOBOX: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for NOBOX Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NOBOX Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for NOBOX Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NOBOX Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(0) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for NOBOX Gene

NOBOX oogenesis homeobox:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NOBOX Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NOBOX Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NOBOX Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NOBOX Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NOBOX Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x36.8) and Ovary (x10.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NOBOX Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal ovary (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for NOBOX Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NOBOX Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NOBOX Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NOBOX Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NOBOX Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in ovaries, testes and pancreas. Expressed within all stages of the adult female germline, from primordial follicles through to MII oocytes.

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NOBOX Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • endocrine
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • head
  • pituitary gland
  • breast
  • ovary
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vulva
  • hair
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NOBOX: view

No data available for Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NOBOX Gene

Orthologs for NOBOX Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NOBOX Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NOBOX 34 33
  • 99.13 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NOBOX 34 33
  • 75.76 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nobox 33
  • 73.33 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nobox 16 34 33
  • 70.26 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NOBOX 34
  • 57 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NOBOX 34
  • 55 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NOBOX 34
  • 44 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NOBOX 34
  • 36 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NOBOX 34
  • 35 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia hbox10-A 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nobox 34
  • 21 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NOBOX was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NOBOX Gene

Gene Tree for NOBOX (if available)
Gene Tree for NOBOX (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for NOBOX: view image

Paralogs for NOBOX Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for NOBOX Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • H9KV25_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NOBOX: view

No data available for Paralogs for NOBOX Gene

Variants for NOBOX Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NOBOX Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs112190116 likely-benign, Premature ovarian failure, not specified, Premature ovarian failure 5 (POF5) [MIM:611548] 144,399,065(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs115206969 likely-benign, Premature ovarian failure 144,404,635(-) C/A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs116937127 uncertain-significance, Premature ovarian failure 144,397,378(-) T/C coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs1208179 benign, likely-benign, not specified, Premature ovarian failure 144,410,186(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs1208216 likely-benign, Premature ovarian failure 144,397,520(-) G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NOBOX Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv6727n100 CNV loss 25217958
dgv6735n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv6745n100 CNV loss 25217958
esv2759570 CNV gain+loss 17122850
nsv428188 CNV gain+loss 18775914
nsv7411 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv831177 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for NOBOX Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 8.28; 85.13% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NOBOX Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NOBOX Gene

Disorders for NOBOX Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for NOBOX Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
premature ovarian failure 5
  • pof5
  • absence of menstruation
ovarian cyst
  • ovarian cysts
ovarian disease
  • ovarian dysfunction
ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of spine
  • opll
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NOBOX in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Premature ovarian failure 5 (POF5) [MIM:611548]: An ovarian disorder defined as the cessation of ovarian function under the age of 40 years. It is characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, in the presence of elevated levels of serum gonadotropins and low estradiol. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17701902, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21837770, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25514101, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27798098}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for NOBOX

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NOBOX: view

No data available for Genatlas for NOBOX Gene

Publications for NOBOX Gene

  1. cDNA cloning and expression of the human NOBOX gene in oocytes and ovarian follicles. (PMID: 16597639) Huntriss J … Picton HM (Molecular human reproduction 2006) 2 3 4 58
  2. Impaired protein stability and nuclear localization of NOBOX variants associated with premature ovarian insufficiency. (PMID: 27798098) Ferrari I … Rossetti R (Human molecular genetics 2016) 3 4 58
  3. New NOBOX mutations identified in a large cohort of women with primary ovarian insufficiency decrease KIT-L expression. (PMID: 25514101) Bouilly J … Binart N (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 2015) 3 4 58
  4. Novel NOBOX loss-of-function mutations account for 6.2% of cases in a large primary ovarian insufficiency cohort. (PMID: 21837770) Bouilly J … Binart N (Human mutation 2011) 3 4 58
  5. Mutation analysis of NOBOX homeodomain in Chinese women with premature ovarian failure. (PMID: 18930203) Qin Y … Chen ZJ (Fertility and sterility 2009) 3 44 58

Products for NOBOX Gene

Sources for NOBOX Gene

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