Aliases for H1FOO Gene
External Ids for H1FOO Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for H1FOO Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. The protein encoded is a replication-independent histone that is a member of the histone H1 family. This gene contains introns, unlike most histone genes. The related mouse gene is expressed only in oocytes. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
GeneCards Summary for H1FOO Gene
H1FOO (H1 Histone Family Member O Oocyte Specific) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cell cycle_Chromosome condensation in prometaphase and E2F mediated regulation of DNA replication. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleosomal DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is HP1BP3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H1FOO Gene
May play a key role in the control of gene expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis, presumably through the perturbation of chromatin structure. Essential for meiotic maturation of germinal vesicle-stage oocytes. The somatic type linker histone H1c is rapidly replaced by H1oo in a donor nucleus transplanted into an oocyte. The greater mobility of H1oo as compared to H1c may contribute to this rapid replacement and increased instability of the embryonic chromatin structure. The rapid replacement of H1c with H1oo may play an important role in nuclear remodeling (By similarity).