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Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3 2 3 5
  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase (Isoform E) 2 3
  • Erythrocyte-Specific AMP Deaminase 2 3
  • Erythrocyte AMP Deaminase 3 4
  • Erythrocyte Type AMP Deaminase 3
  • AMP Deaminase Isoform E 4
  • Myoadenylate Deaminase 3
  • AMP Aminohydrolase 3
  • AMP Deaminase 3 3
  • EC 4

External Ids for AMPD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AMPD3 Gene

  • GC11P011483
  • GC11P011042
  • GC11P010511
  • GC11P010436
  • GC11P010428
  • GC11P010144

Summaries for AMPD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AMPD3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the AMP deaminase gene family. The encoded protein is a highly regulated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of adenosine monophosphate to inosine monophosphate, a branch point in the adenylate catabolic pathway. This gene encodes the erythrocyte (E) isoforms, whereas other family members encode isoforms that predominate in muscle (M) and liver (L) cells. Mutations in this gene lead to the clinically asymptomatic, autosomal recessive condition erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms of this gene have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AMPD3 Gene

AMPD3 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AMPD3 include Erythrocyte Amp Deaminase Deficiency and Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 1 Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Pyrimidine metabolism (KEGG) and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include deaminase activity and AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMPD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism.

Gene Wiki entry for AMPD3 Gene

Additional gene information for AMPD3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AMPD3 Gene

Genomics for AMPD3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for AMPD3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for AMPD3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH11J010300 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 -2.5 -2453 10.1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF213 ZNF143 SP3 SSRP1 ZNF610 GLIS1 RCOR2 LOC105376544 SBF2 ADM AMPD3 GC11M010302 ZBED5 CTR9 ZNF143 ENSG00000255463 RPL21P97
GH11J010454 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 672.1 +149.0 148956 6.4 HDGF ATF1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT IRF4 YY1 TCF12 CBX5 GATA2 AMPD3 CTR9 MTRNR2L8 RPL21P97 LYVE1 MRVI1 GC11M010466 GC11P010430
GH11J010449 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 672.8 +143.0 143025 3.2 HDGF CTCF MAX EBF1 RAD21 TCF12 POLR2A ZBTB48 HNF4G SMC3 AMPD3 CTR9 MTRNR2L8 LYVE1 MRVI1 GC11M010466 GC11P010430
GH11J010413 Enhancer 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 42.4 +106.3 106254 2.5 CTCF MAFG REST RAD21 CC2D1A CTBP1 ZNF316 ZFP36 SMC3 NFE2 AMPD3 CTR9 MRVI1-AS1 RNF141 LYVE1 MRVI1 SBF2 EIF4G2 ZBED5 ADM
GH11J010435 Enhancer 1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 24.8 +128.2 128170 1.4 POLR2A HLF MAX MYC RUNX3 AMPD3 LYVE1 SBF2 EIF4G2 ZBED5 ADM GC11P010430 GC11M010466
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around AMPD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AMPD3 gene promoter:
  • c-Myc
  • MAZR
  • Max1
  • Lmo2

Genomic Locations for AMPD3 Gene

Genomic Locations for AMPD3 Gene
199,267 bases
Plus strand
199,267 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AMPD3 Gene

Genes around AMPD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AMPD3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AMPD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AMPD3 Gene

Proteins for AMPD3 Gene

  • Protein details for AMPD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AMP deaminase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AUX0
    • B7Z2S2
    • B7Z763
    • B7Z877

    Protein attributes for AMPD3 Gene

    767 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    88812 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for AMPD3 Gene

neXtProt entry for AMPD3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AMPD3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AMPD3 Gene

Domains & Families for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Families for AMPD3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for AMPD3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the metallo-dependent hydrolases superfamily. Adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
  • Belongs to the metallo-dependent hydrolases superfamily. Adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AMPD3: view

Function for AMPD3 Gene

Molecular function for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AMPD3 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003876 AMP deaminase activity EXP 1429593
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25910212
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0019239 deaminase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AMPD3: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AMPD3 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AMPD3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AMPD3:

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AMPD3 Gene

Localization for AMPD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AMPD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 4
nucleus 4
mitochondrion 2
cytoskeleton 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nuclear membrane (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0034774 secretory granule lumen TAS --
GO:1904813 ficolin-1-rich granule lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AMPD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AMPD3: view

Pathways by source for AMPD3 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01432-AMPD3_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway; IMP from AMP: step 1/1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006188 IMP biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006196 AMP catabolic process TAS 9291127
GO:0009117 nucleotide metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009168 purine ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0032264 IMP salvage IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AMPD3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

(26) Drugs for AMPD3 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cladribine Approved, Investigational Pharma Apoptosis inducer in CLL cells 81
Ammonia Approved Pharma 0
Propranolol Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist, Inhibition, Inhibitor Beta blocker 247
Water Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra 0

(26) Additional Compounds for AMPD3 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(1) ApexBio Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cladribine Apoptosis inducer in CLL cells 4291-63-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AMPD3: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for AMPD3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AMPD3 Gene

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 3:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AMPD3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AMPD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x8.8) and Whole Blood (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (49.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for AMPD3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AMPD3 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of AMPD3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AMPD3 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for AMPD3 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Skin(4.2)
  • Muscle(2.7)
  • Blood(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for AMPD3 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • mesoderm
  • skeletal muscle
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AMPD3: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AMPD3 Gene

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AMPD3 34 33
  • 99.53 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AMPD3 34 33
  • 93.19 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AMPD3 34
  • 91 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AMPD3 34 33
  • 89.74 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AMPD3 34
  • 89 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ampd3 16 34 33
  • 88.32 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ampd3 33
  • 87.87 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AMPD3 34 33
  • 75.14 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AMPD3 34
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ampd3 33
  • 74.84 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ampd3a 34
  • 73 (a)
ampd3b 34
  • 72 (a)
LOC556578 33
  • 69.9 (n)
wufi25h10 33
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C34F11.3a 35
  • 53 (a)
C34F11.3b 35
  • 53 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AMD1 34
  • 39 (a)
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.6820 33
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.6749 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 57 (a)
Cin.4939 33
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4939 33
Species where no ortholog for AMPD3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)
Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for AMPD3: view image

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for AMPD3 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AMPD3: view

Variants for AMPD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AMPD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1037998 benign, Erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency 10,506,974(+) A/G 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs11042836 likely-benign, Erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency 10,482,189(+) C/A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, synonymous_variant
rs117002871 uncertain-significance, Erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency 10,478,727(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, synonymous_variant
rs117706710 benign, likely-benign, not specified, not provided, Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) [MIM:612874] 10,487,356(+) G/A/C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs138270366 uncertain-significance, Erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency 10,505,869(+) C/A/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AMPD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3625358 CNV gain 21293372
nsv518705 CNV loss 19592680
nsv519987 CNV gain 19592680
nsv526453 CNV loss 19592680
nsv553478 CNV loss 21841781
nsv972946 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv975881 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for AMPD3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 36.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.69; 66.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for AMPD3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

Disorders for AMPD3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for AMPD3 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
erythrocyte amp deaminase deficiency
  • amp deaminase deficiency, erythrocytic
adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 deficiency
  • myopathy due to myoadenylate deaminase deficiency
glycogen storage disease vii
  • gsd7
glycogen storage disease v
  • gsd5
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AMPD3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) [MIM:612874]: A metabolic disorder due to lack of activity of the erythrocyte isoform of AMP deaminase. It is a clinically asymptomatic condition characterized by a 50% increase in steady-state levels of ATP in affected cells. Individuals with complete deficiency of erythrocyte AMP deaminase are healthy and have no hematologic disorders. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11139257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7881427, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8004104, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9598089}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for AMPD3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AMPD3: view

No data available for Genatlas for AMPD3 Gene

Publications for AMPD3 Gene

  1. Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons. (PMID: 1400401) Mahnke-Zizelman DK … Sabina RL (The Journal of biological chemistry 1992) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. A rare case of complete human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency due to two novel missense mutations in AMPD3. (PMID: 11139257) Yamada Y … Ogasawara N (Human mutation 2001) 3 4 22 58
  3. Characterization of the human AMPD3 gene reveals that 5' exon useage is subject to transcriptional control by three tandem promoters and alternative splicing. (PMID: 8611627) Mahnke-Zizelman DK … Sabina RL (Biochimica et biophysica acta 1996) 3 4 22 58
  4. A point mutation responsible for human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency. (PMID: 8004104) Yamada Y … Ogasawara N (Human molecular genetics 1994) 3 4 22 58
  5. Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the cDNA encoding human erythrocyte-specific AMP deaminase. (PMID: 1420359) Yamada Y … Ogasawara N (Biochimica et biophysica acta 1992) 3 4 22 58

Products for AMPD3 Gene

Sources for AMPD3 Gene

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