Aliases for ATG7 Gene
External Ids for ATG7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ATG7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATG7 Gene
This gene encodes an E1-like activating enzyme that is essential for autophagy and cytoplasmic to vacuole transport. The encoded protein is also thought to modulate p53-dependent cell cycle pathways during prolonged metabolic stress. It has been associated with multiple functions, including axon membrane trafficking, axonal homeostasis, mitophagy, adipose differentiation, and hematopoietic stem cell maintenance. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for ATG7 Gene
ATG7 (Autophagy Related 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and HIV Life Cycle. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and ubiquitin activating enzyme activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATG7 Gene
E1-like activating enzyme involved in the 2 ubiquitin-like systems required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Activates ATG12 for its conjugation with ATG5 as well as the ATG8 family proteins for their conjugation with phosphatidylethanolamine. Both systems are needed for the ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and autophagosomes membranes. Required for autophagic death induced by caspase-8 inhibition. Required for mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Modulates p53/TP53 activity to regulate cell cycle and survival during metabolic stress. Plays also a key role in the maintenance of axonal homeostasis, the prevention of axonal degeneration, the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells, the formation of Paneth cell granules, as well as in adipose differentiation.