Aliases for WRAP53 Gene
External Ids for WRAP53 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for WRAP53 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for WRAP53 Gene
This gene encodes an essential component of the telomerase holoenzyme complex, a ribonucleoprotein complex required for telomere synthesis. This protein is enriched in Cajal bodies, nuclear sites of RNP processing that are important for telomerase function. It interacts with dyskerin, TERT and TERC, other components of active telomerase, and with small Cajal body RNAs (scaRNAs), which are involved in modifying splicing RNAs. This mRNA also functions as a p53 antisense transcript, that regulates endogenous p53 mRNA levels and further induction of p53 protein by targeting the 5' untranslated region of p53 mRNA. Alternatively spliced transcript variants which differ only in the 5' UTR have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]
GeneCards Summary for WRAP53 Gene
WRAP53 (WD Repeat Containing Antisense To TP53) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with WRAP53 include Dyskeratosis Congenita, Autosomal Recessive 3 and Dyskeratosis Congenita. Among its related pathways are Chaperonin-mediated protein folding and Chromosome Maintenance. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for WRAP53 Gene
RNA chaperone that plays a key role in telomere maintenance and RNA localization to Cajal bodies (PubMed:29804836, PubMed:29695869). Specifically recognizes and binds the Cajal body box (CAB box) present in both small Cajal body RNAs (scaRNAs) and telomerase RNA template component (TERC) (PubMed:19285445, PubMed:20351177, PubMed:29804836, PubMed:29695869). Essential component of the telomerase holoenzyme complex, a ribonucleoprotein complex essential for the replication of chromosome termini that elongates telomeres in most eukaryotes (PubMed:19179534, PubMed:20351177, PubMed:26170453, PubMed:29695869). In the telomerase holoenzyme complex, required to stimulate the catalytic activity of the complex (PubMed:27525486, PubMed:29804836). Acts by specifically binding the CAB box of the TERC RNA and controlling the folding of the CR4/CR5 region of the TERC RNA, a critical step for telomerase activity (PubMed:29804836). In addition, also controls telomerase holoenzyme complex localization to Cajal body (PubMed:22547674). During S phase, required for delivery of TERC to telomeres during S phase and for telomerase activity (PubMed:29804836). In addition to its role in telomere maintenance, also required for Cajal body formation, probably by mediating localization of scaRNAs to Cajal bodies (PubMed:19285445, PubMed:21072240). Also plays a role in DNA repair: phosphorylated by ATM in response to DNA damage and relocalizes to sites of DNA double-strand breaks to promote the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (PubMed:25512560, PubMed:27715493). Acts by recruiting the ubiquitin ligase RNF8 to DNA breaks and promote both homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) (PubMed:25512560, PubMed:27715493).