Aliases for WDFY3 Gene
External Ids for WDFY3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for WDFY3 Gene
This gene encodes a phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate-binding protein that functions as a master conductor for aggregate clearance by autophagy. This protein shuttles from the nuclear membrane to colocalize with aggregated proteins, where it complexes with other autophagic components to achieve macroautophagy-mediated clearance of these aggregated proteins. However, it is not necessary for starvation-induced macroautophagy. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
GeneCards Summary for WDFY3 Gene
WDFY3 (WD Repeat And FYVE Domain Containing 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with WDFY3 include Microcephaly 18, Primary, Autosomal Dominant and Microcephaly. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and beta-N-acetylglucosaminylglycopeptide beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is WDFY4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for WDFY3 Gene
Required for selective macroautophagy (aggrephagy). Acts as an adapter protein by linking specific proteins destined for degradation to the core autophagic machinery members, such as the ATG5-ATG12-ATG16L E3-like ligase, SQSTM1 and LC3 (PubMed:20417604). Along with p62/SQSTM1, involved in the formation and autophagic degradation of cytoplasmic ubiquitin-containing inclusions (p62 bodies, ALIS/aggresome-like induced structures). Along with SQSTM1, required to recruit ubiquitinated proteins to PML bodies in the nucleus (PubMed:20168092). Important for normal brain development. Essential for the formation of axonal tracts throughout the brain and spinal cord, including the formation of the major forebrain commissures. Involved in the ability of neural cells to respond to guidance cues. Required for cortical neurons to respond to the trophic effects of netrin-1/NTN1 (By similarity). Regulates Wnt signaling through the removal of DVL3 aggregates, likely in an autophagy-dependent manner. This process may be important for the determination of brain size during embryonic development (PubMed:27008544). May regulate osteoclastogenesis by acting on the TNFSF11/RANKL - TRAF6 pathway (By similarity). After cytokinetic abscission, involved in midbody remnant degradation (PubMed:24128730). In vitro strongly binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P) (PubMed:15292400).