Aliases for WASL Gene
External Ids for WASL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for WASL Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) protein family. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome proteins share similar domain structure, and associate with a variety of signaling molecules to alter the actin cytoskeleton. The encoded protein is highly expressed in neural tissues, and interacts with several proteins involved in cytoskeletal organization, including cell division control protein 42 (CDC42) and the actin-related protein-2/3 (ARP2/3) complex. The encoded protein may be involved in the formation of long actin microspikes, and in neurite extension. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]
GeneCards Summary for WASL Gene
WASL (WASP Like Actin Nucleation Promoting Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with WASL include Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome and Buruli Ulcer. Among its related pathways are Adherens junction and Cell junction organization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include actin binding and GTPase regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is WAS.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for WASL Gene
Regulates actin polymerization by stimulating the actin-nucleating activity of the Arp2/3 complex (PubMed:9422512, PubMed:16767080, PubMed:19366662, PubMed:19487689, PubMed:22847007, PubMed:22921828). Involved in various processes, such as mitosis and cytokinesis, via its role in the regulation of actin polymerization (PubMed:9422512, PubMed:19366662, PubMed:19487689, PubMed:22847007, PubMed:22921828). Together with CDC42, involved in the extension and maintenance of the formation of thin, actin-rich surface projections called filopodia (PubMed:9422512). In addition to its role in the cytoplasm, also plays a role in the nucleus by regulating gene transcription, probably by promoting nuclear actin polymerization (PubMed:16767080). Binds to HSF1/HSTF1 and forms a complex on heat shock promoter elements (HSE) that negatively regulates HSP90 expression (By similarity). Plays a role in dendrite spine morphogenesis (By similarity). Decreasing levels of DNMBP (using antisense RNA) alters apical junction morphology in cultured enterocytes, junctions curve instead of being nearly linear (PubMed:19767742).
Actin is a ubiquitous globular protein that is one of the most highly-conserved proteins known. It is found in two main states: G-actin is the globular monomeric form, whereas F-actin forms helical polymers. Both G- and F-actin are intrinsically flexible structures.