Aliases for VRK1 Gene
External Ids for VRK1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VRK1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the vaccinia-related kinase (VRK) family of serine/threonine protein kinases. This gene is widely expressed in human tissues and has increased expression in actively dividing cells, such as those in testis, thymus, fetal liver, and carcinomas. Its protein localizes to the nucleus and has been shown to promote the stability and nuclear accumulation of a transcriptionally active p53 molecule and, in vitro, to phosphorylate Thr18 of p53 and reduce p53 ubiquitination. This gene, therefore, may regulate cell proliferation. This protein also phosphorylates histone, casein, and the transcription factors ATF2 (activating transcription factor 2) and c-JUN. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for VRK1 Gene
VRK1 (VRK Serine/Threonine Kinase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VRK1 include Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 1A and Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia Type 1. Among its related pathways are Mitotic Prophase and Initiation of Nuclear Envelope Reformation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein serine/threonine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is VRK2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for VRK1 Gene
Serine/threonine kinase involved in Golgi disassembly during the cell cycle: following phosphorylation by PLK3 during mitosis, required to induce Golgi fragmentation. Acts by mediating phosphorylation of downstream target protein. Phosphorylates 'Thr-18' of p53/TP53 and may thereby prevent the interaction between p53/TP53 and MDM2. Phosphorylates casein and histone H3. Phosphorylates BANF1: disrupts its ability to bind DNA, reduces its binding to LEM domain-containing proteins and causes its relocalization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Phosphorylates ATF2 which activates its transcriptional activity.