Aliases for VPS41 Gene
External Ids for VPS41 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VPS41 Gene
Vesicle mediated protein sorting plays an important role in segregation of intracellular molecules into distinct organelles. Genetic studies in yeast have identified more than 40 vacuolar protein sorting (VPS) genes involved in vesicle transport to vacuoles. This gene encodes the human ortholog of yeast Vps41 protein which is also conserved in Drosophila, tomato, and Arabidopsis. Expression studies in yeast and human indicate that this protein may be involved in the formation and fusion of transport vesicles from the Golgi. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene, however, the full-length nature of not all is known. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for VPS41 Gene
VPS41 (VPS41, HOPS Complex Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VPS41 include Early-Onset Familial Alzheimer Disease. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and GTPase binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VPS41 Gene
Plays a role in vesicle-mediated protein trafficking to lysosomal compartments including the endocytic membrane transport and autophagic pathways. Believed to act in part as a core component of the putative HOPS endosomal tethering complex is proposed to be involved in the Rab5-to-Rab7 endosome conversion probably implicating MON1A/B, and via binding SNAREs and SNARE complexes to mediate tethering and docking events during SNARE-mediated membrane fusion. The HOPS complex is proposed to be recruited to Rab7 on the late endosomal membrane and to regulate late endocytic, phagocytic and autophagic traffic towards lysosomes (PubMed:23351085). Involved in homotypic vesicle fusions between late endosomes and in heterotypic fusions between late endosomes and lysosomes implicated in degradation of endocytosed cargo (PubMed:9159129, PubMed:23167963, PubMed:25445562, PubMed:25908847). Required for fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes (PubMed:25783203). May link the HOPS complex to endosomal Rab7 via its association with RILP and to lysosomal membranes via its association with ARL8B, suggesting that these interactions may bring the compartments to close proximity for fusion (PubMed:25445562, PubMed:25908847). Involved in the direct trans-Golgi network to late endosomes transport of lysosomal membrane proteins independently of HOPS (PubMed:23322049). Involved in sorting to the regulated secretory pathway presumably implicating the AP-3 adaptor complex (By similarity). May play a role in HOPS-independent function in the regulated secretory pathway (PubMed:24210660).