Aliases for VKORC1 Gene
External Ids for VKORC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for VKORC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VKORC1 Gene
This gene encodes the catalytic subunit of the vitamin K epoxide reductase complex, which is responsible for the reduction of inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Vitamin K is a required co-factor for carboxylation of glutamic acid residues by vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase in blood-clotting enzymes. Allelic variation in this gene is associated with vitamin k-dependent clotting factors combined deficiency of 2, and increased resistance or sensitivity to warfarin, an inhibitor of vitamin K epoxide reductase. Pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 1 and X. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for VKORC1 Gene
VKORC1 (Vitamin K Epoxide Reductase Complex Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VKORC1 include Coumarin Resistance and Vitamin K-Dependent Clotting Factors, Combined Deficiency Of, 2. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of fat-soluble vitamins and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include quinone binding and vitamin-K-epoxide reductase (warfarin-sensitive) activity. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000255439.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for VKORC1 Gene
Involved in vitamin K metabolism. Catalytic subunit of the vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) complex which reduces inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K. Vitamin K is required for the gamma-carboxylation of various proteins, including clotting factors, and is required for normal blood coagulation, but also for normal bone development.