Aliases for USP28 Gene
External Ids for USP28 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for USP28 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a deubiquitinase involved in the DNA damage pathway and DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Overexpression of this gene is seen in several cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2016]
GeneCards Summary for USP28 Gene
USP28 (Ubiquitin Specific Peptidase 28) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with USP28 include Iodine Hypothyroidism and Toxic Diffuse Goiter. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Deubiquitination. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase activity and thiol-dependent ubiquitin-specific protease activity. An important paralog of this gene is USP25.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for USP28 Gene
Deubiquitinase involved in DNA damage response checkpoint and MYC proto-oncogene stability. Involved in DNA damage induced apoptosis by specifically deubiquitinating proteins of the DNA damage pathway such as CLSPN. Also involved in G2 DNA damage checkpoint, by deubiquitinating CLSPN, and preventing its degradation by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). In contrast, it does not deubiquitinate PLK1. Specifically deubiquitinates MYC in the nucleoplasm, leading to prevent MYC degradation by the proteasome: acts by specifically interacting with isoform 1 of FBXW7 (FBW7alpha) in the nucleoplasm and counteracting ubiquitination of MYC by the SCF(FBW7) complex. In contrast, it does not interact with isoform 4 of FBXW7 (FBW7gamma) in the nucleolus, allowing MYC degradation and explaining the selective MYC degradation in the nucleolus. Deubiquitinates ZNF304, hence preventing ZNF304 degradation by the proteasome and leading to the activated KRAS-mediated promoter hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) in a subset of colorectal cancers (CRC) cells (PubMed:24623306).