Aliases for USP19 Gene
External Ids for USP19 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for USP19 Gene
Protein ubiquitination controls many intracellular processes, including cell cycle progression, transcriptional activation, and signal transduction. This dynamic process, involving ubiquitin conjugating enzymes and deubiquitinating enzymes, adds and removes ubiquitin. Deubiquitinating enzymes are cysteine proteases that specifically cleave ubiquitin from ubiquitin-conjugated protein substrates. This protein is a ubiquitin protein ligase and plays a role in muscle wasting. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]
GeneCards Summary for USP19 Gene
USP19 (Ubiquitin Specific Peptidase 19) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with USP19 include Pitt-Hopkins-Like Syndrome 2. Among its related pathways are Deubiquitination and Ubiquitin-Proteasome Dependent Proteolysis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase activity and thiol-dependent ubiquitin-specific protease activity. An important paralog of this gene is USP31.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for USP19 Gene
Deubiquitinating enzyme that regulates the degradation of various proteins. Deubiquitinates and prevents proteasomal degradation of RNF123 which in turn stimulates CDKN1B ubiquitin-dependent degradation thereby playing a role in cell proliferation. Involved in decreased protein synthesis in atrophying skeletal muscle. Modulates transcription of major myofibrillar proteins. Also involved in turnover of endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) substrates. Regulates the stability of BIRC2/c-IAP1 and BIRC3/c-IAP2 by preventing their ubiquitination. Required for cells to mount an appropriate response to hypoxia and rescues HIF1A from degradation in a non-catalytic manner. Plays an important role in 17 beta-estradiol (E2)-inhibited myogenesis. Decreases the levels of ubiquitinated proteins during skeletal muscle formation and acts to repress myogenesis. Exhibits a preference towards 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains.