Aliases for UGT2B7 Gene
External Ids for UGT2B7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UGT2B7 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) family. UGTs serve a major role in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This protein is localized in the microsome membrane, and has unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol, suggesting that it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent estrogen metabolites. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2017]
GeneCards Summary for UGT2B7 Gene
UGT2B7 (UDP Glucuronosyltransferase Family 2 Member B7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UGT2B7 include Hepatocellular Adenoma and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Irinotecan Pathway, Pharmacokinetics and Lamotrigine Pathway, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and glucuronosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is UGT2B10.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for UGT2B7 Gene
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) that catalyzes phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase the metabolite's water solubility, thereby facilitating excretion into either the urine or bile (PubMed:10702251, PubMed:15472229, PubMed:15470161, PubMed:18674515, PubMed:18719240, PubMed:19022937, PubMed:23288867, PubMed:23756265, PubMed:26220143, PubMed:17442341). Essential for the elimination and detoxification of drugs, xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (PubMed:15470161, PubMed:18674515, PubMed:23756265). Catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous steroid hormones such as androgens (epitestosterone, androsterone) and estrogens (estradiol, epiestradiol, estriol, catechol estrogens) (PubMed:2159463, PubMed:15472229, PubMed:18719240, PubMed:19022937, PubMed:23288867, PubMed:26220143, PubMed:17442341). Also regulates the levels of retinoic acid, a major metabolite of vitamin A involved in apoptosis, cellular growth and differentiation, and embryonic development (PubMed:10702251). Contributes to bile acid (BA) detoxification by catalyzing the glucuronidation of BA substrates, which are natural detergents for dietary lipids absorption (PubMed:23756265). Involved in the glucuronidation of the AGTR1 angiotensin receptor antagonist losartan, caderastan and zolarsatan, drugs which can inhibit the effect of angiotensin II (PubMed:18674515). Also metabolizes mycophenolate, an immunosuppressive agent (PubMed:15470161).