Aliases for UGT1A3 Gene
External Ids for UGT1A3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UGT1A3 Gene
This gene encodes a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, an enzyme of the glucuronidation pathway that transforms small lipophilic molecules, such as steroids, bilirubin, hormones, and drugs, into water-soluble, excretable metabolites. This gene is part of a complex locus that encodes several UDP-glucuronosyltransferases. The locus includes thirteen unique alternate first exons followed by four common exons. Four of the alternate first exons are considered pseudogenes. Each of the remaining nine 5' exons may be spliced to the four common exons, resulting in nine proteins with different N-termini and identical C-termini. Each first exon encodes the substrate binding site, and is regulated by its own promoter. Substrates of this enzyme include estrone, 2-hydroxyestrone, and metabolites of benzo alpha-pyrene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for UGT1A3 Gene
UGT1A3 (UDP Glucuronosyltransferase Family 1 Member A3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UGT1A3 include Gilbert Syndrome and Bilirubin, Serum Level Of, Quantitative Trait Locus 1. Among its related pathways are Valproic acid pathway and Imipramine/Desipramine Pathway, Pharmacokinetics. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and enzyme binding. An important paralog of this gene is UGT1A5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for UGT1A3 Gene
[Isoform 1]: UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) that catalyzes phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase the metabolite's water solubility, thereby facilitating excretion into either the urine or bile (PubMed:15472229, PubMed:18674515, PubMed:18719240, PubMed:23288867, PubMed:24641623). Essential for the elimination and detoxification of drugs, xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (PubMed:23756265). Catalyzes the glucoronidation of endogenous estrogen hormones such as estradiol and estrone, and xenoestrogens such as epiestradiol (PubMed:15472229, PubMed:18719240, PubMed:23288867). Contributes to bile acid (BA) detoxification by catalyzing the glucuronidation of BA substrates, which are natural detergents for dietary lipids absorption (PubMed:23756265). Involved in the glucuronidation of calcidiol, which is the major circulating form of vitamin D3, essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphate homeostasis (PubMed:24641623). Involved in the glucuronidation of the AGTR1 angiotensin receptor antagonists losartan, candesartan and zolarsartan, which can inhibit the effect of angiotensin II (PubMed:18674515).
[Isoform 2]: Lacks UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) activity but acts as a negative regulator of isoform 1.