The protein encoded by this gene acts as a homodimer and is involved in many redox reactions. The encoded protein is active in the reversible S-nitrosylation of cysteines in certain proteins, which is part of the response to intracellular nitric oxide. This protein is found in the cytoplasm. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [pro... See more...

Aliases for TXN Gene

Aliases for TXN Gene

  • Thioredoxin 2 3 4 5
  • TRX 2 3 4
  • Surface-Associated Sulphydryl Protein 3 4
  • ATL-Derived Factor 3 4
  • TRDX 3 4
  • TRX1 3 4
  • SASP 3 4
  • ADF 3 4
  • Testicular Tissue Protein Li 199 3
  • Thioredoxin Delta 3 3
  • Allergen Hom S Trx 4
  • TXN Delta 3 3
  • TXN 5
  • Trx 4

External Ids for TXN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TXN Gene

  • GC09M103804
  • GC09M104738
  • GC09M106463
  • GC09M108386
  • GC09M110085
  • GC09M112045
  • GC09M113006
  • GC09M082608

Summaries for TXN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TXN Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene acts as a homodimer and is involved in many redox reactions. The encoded protein is active in the reversible S-nitrosylation of cysteines in certain proteins, which is part of the response to intracellular nitric oxide. This protein is found in the cytoplasm. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

GeneCards Summary for TXN Gene

TXN (Thioredoxin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TXN include Post-Cardiac Arrest Syndrome and Breast Mucinous Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways and Folate Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity, acting on a sulfur group of donors, disulfide as acceptor. An important paralog of this gene is TXNDC2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TXN Gene

  • Participates in various redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide and catalyzes dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions (PubMed:2176490, PubMed:17182577, PubMed:19032234). Plays a role in the reversible S-nitrosylation of cysteine residues in target proteins, and thereby contributes to the response to intracellular nitric oxide. Nitrosylates the active site Cys of CASP3 in response to nitric oxide (NO), and thereby inhibits caspase-3 activity (PubMed:16408020, PubMed:17606900). Induces the FOS/JUN AP-1 DNA-binding activity in ionizing radiation (IR) cells through its oxidation/reduction status and stimulates AP-1 transcriptional activity (PubMed:9108029, PubMed:11118054).
  • ADF augments the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor TAC (IL2R/P55).

Gene Wiki entry for TXN Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for TXN Gene

Genomics for TXN Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for TXN Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH09J110250 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 614.6 +1.1 1115 9 GATAD2A PRDM10 ZNF629 TFE3 RFX1 LEF1 SOX13 KDM1A POLR2A RCOR2 TXN lnc-C9orf152-6 C9orf152 lnc-C9orf152-4
GH09J110197 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.4 +57.1 57129 3.7 GATAD2A TFE3 SOX13 RCOR2 RXRB SP1 PBX2 CTCF TCF7 ZKSCAN8 TRR-TCG6-1 TXN C9orf152 lnc-C9orf152-2 lnc-C9orf152-4 LOC107987013
GH09J110212 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.6 +42.5 42450 2.7 GATAD2A TFE3 FOXA1 SP1 CEBPA SOX13 TCF7 CEBPB CTBP1 FOXA2 TXN C9orf152 piR-57195-250 lnc-C9orf152-4
GH09J110179 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.9 +76.3 76306 2.8 GATAD2A TFE3 SOX13 RCOR2 RXRB IRF2 GABPA CEBPA FOXK2 JUND TXN C9orf152 LOC105376217 lnc-C9orf152-3 lnc-C9orf152-4 LOC107987013
GH09J110281 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 17.3 -26.6 -26569 3.7 GATAD2A PKNOX1 SP1 PBX2 CEBPA FOXA2 ATF3 YY1 JUND JUNB TXN LOC107987114 lnc-C9orf152-4 TXNDC8
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around TXN on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for TXN

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TXN gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • ATF-2
  • c-Jun
  • Egr-3
  • GR
  • GR-alpha
  • GR-beta
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • Sp1

Genomic Locations for TXN Gene

Genomic Locations for TXN Gene
chr9:110,243,810-110,256,507
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
12,698 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr9:113,006,091-113,018,920
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
12,830 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TXN Gene

Genes around TXN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TXN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TXN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TXN Gene

Proteins for TXN Gene

  • Protein details for TXN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P10599-THIO_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin
    Protein Accession:
    P10599
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1ALW1
    • O60744
    • Q53X69
    • Q96KI3
    • Q9UDG5

    Protein attributes for TXN Gene

    Size:
    105 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    11737 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked (PubMed:9369469, PubMed:17260951). Interacts with TXNIP through the redox-active site (PubMed:17260951). Interacts with MAP3K5 and CASP3 (PubMed:15246877). In case of infection, interacts with S.typhimurium protein slrP (PubMed:19690162). Interacts with APEX1; the interaction stimulates the FOS/JUN AP-1 DNA-binding activity in a redox-dependent manner (PubMed:9108029).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TXN Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TXN Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TXN Gene

Post-translational modifications for TXN Gene

  • In the fully reduced protein, both Cys-69 and Cys-73 are nitrosylated in response to nitric oxide (NO). When two disulfide bonds are present in the protein, only Cys-73 is nitrosylated. Cys-73 can serve as donor for nitrosylation of target proteins.
  • In case of infection, ubiquitinated by S.typhimurium protein slrP, leading to its degradation.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys39
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TXN Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TXN Gene

Domains & Families for TXN Gene

Gene Families for TXN Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for TXN Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
  • Thioredoxin type domain
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TXN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Surface-associated sulphydryl protein (THIO_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P10599

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

THIO_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the thioredoxin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the thioredoxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TXN: view

Function for TXN Gene

Molecular function for TXN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Participates in various redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide and catalyzes dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions (PubMed:2176490, PubMed:17182577, PubMed:19032234). Plays a role in the reversible S-nitrosylation of cysteine residues in target proteins, and thereby contributes to the response to intracellular nitric oxide. Nitrosylates the active site Cys of CASP3 in response to nitric oxide (NO), and thereby inhibits caspase-3 activity (PubMed:16408020, PubMed:17606900). Induces the FOS/JUN AP-1 DNA-binding activity in ionizing radiation (IR) cells through its oxidation/reduction status and stimulates AP-1 transcriptional activity (PubMed:9108029, PubMed:11118054).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
ADF augments the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor TAC (IL2R/P55).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by ionizing radiation.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
thioredoxin

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TXN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding HDA 22658674
GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9108029
GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity IDA 2176490
GO:0015037 peptide disulfide oxidoreductase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TXN: view

Animal Models for TXN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TXN:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for TXN

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TXN Gene

Localization for TXN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TXN Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Secreted. Note=Translocates from the cytoplasm into the nucleus after phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induction (PMA) (PubMed:9108029). Predominantly in the cytoplasm in non irradiated cells (PubMed:11118054). Radiation induces translocation of TRX from the cytoplasm to the nucleus (PubMed:11118054). Secreted by a leaderless secretory pathway (PubMed:1332947). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11118054, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1332947, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9108029}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TXN gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 3
mitochondrion 3
endoplasmic reticulum 3
cytoskeleton 2
peroxisome 2
endosome 2
lysosome 2
golgi apparatus 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (4)
  • Nucleoplasm (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA,IDA 1332947
GO:0005623 cell IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 9108029
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 9108029
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXN: view

Pathways & Interactions for TXN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TXN: view

Pathways by source for TXN Gene

2 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathways for TXN Gene
  • Apoptosis and survival_Anti-apoptotic action of nuclear ESR1 and ESR2
  • Inhibitory action of Lipoxin A4 on PDGF, EGF and LTD4 signaling
1 R&D Systems pathway for TXN Gene
3 Cell Signaling Technology pathways for TXN Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for TXN Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA --
GO:0006662 glycerol ether metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009314 response to radiation IDA 9108029
GO:0032148 activation of protein kinase B activity IC 22492997
GO:0033138 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IGI 22492997
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TXN: view

Drugs & Compounds for TXN Gene

(59) Drugs for TXN Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Auranofin Approved, Investigational Pharma Activator, Activation Thioredoxin reductase inhibitor; induces MPT 12
Phenethyl isothiocyanate Investigational Pharma Target 12
PX-12 Investigational Pharma inhibitor 0
PMX 464 Pharma 0

(63) Additional Compounds for TXN Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(2) ApexBio Compounds for TXN Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Auranofin 34031-32-8
PMX 464 485842-97-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TXN: view

Transcripts for TXN Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TXN Gene

2 REFSEQ mRNAs :
17 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for TXN

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TXN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TXN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TXN

Expression for TXN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for TXN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TXN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (x5.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TXN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Saliva (9.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for TXN Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TXN Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for TXN

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TXN Gene:

Hs.435136

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TXN Gene

  • Liver(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Blood(4.7)
  • Eye(4.5)
  • Intestine(3.9)
  • Lung(3.9)
  • Heart(3.6)
  • Kidney(3.5)
  • Skin(3.5)
  • Muscle(3.3)
  • Stomach(3.1)
  • Bone marrow(3.1)
  • Spleen(3)
  • Lymph node(3)
  • Pancreas(3)
  • Thyroid gland(3)
  • Adrenal gland(2.9)
  • Gall bladder(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TXN: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TXN Gene

Orthologs for TXN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TXN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TXN 30 31
  • 99.68 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC474798 30
  • 93.75 (n)
TXN 31
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TXN 30 31
  • 93.02 (n)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Txn1 30
  • 85.9 (n)
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Txn1 30 17 31
  • 85.76 (n)
OneToOne
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 31
  • 81 (a)
OneToMany
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TXN 30 31
  • 74.29 (n)
OneToMany
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 31
  • 69 (a)
OneToMany
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100170420 30
  • 64.1 (n)
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii txn 30 31
  • 65.03 (n)
ManyToMany
zgc:56493 31
  • 58 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 30
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Trx-2 30
  • 56.77 (n)
dhd 31
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
CG13473 31
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta TRX1 30
  • 54.37 (n)
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea trx-4 31
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
K. Lactis Yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F10351g 30
  • 54.13 (n)
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TRX3 30 31
  • 51.82 (n)
ManyToMany
TRX2 31 33
  • 48 (a)
ManyToMany
TRX1 31
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
Thale Cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons TRX2 30
  • 60 (n)
Rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os07g0190800 30
  • 52.1 (n)
Fission Yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes trx1 30
  • 54.21 (n)
Bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06556 30
  • 49 (n)
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.11205 31
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for TXN was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TXN Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TXN (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TXN (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for TXN: view image

Paralogs for TXN Gene

Paralogs for TXN Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for TXN Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • THIO_HUMAN
  • H9ZYJ2_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TXN: view

Variants for TXN Gene

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for TXN Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TXN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1173288 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2752274 CNV gain 17911159
esv3573357 CNV loss 25503493
esv3621449 CNV gain 21293372
esv3621453 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1040651 CNV gain 25217958
nsv437092 CNV loss 16327808
nsv508562 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv521448 CNV loss 19592680
nsv615152 CNV gain 21841781
nsv6662 CNV deletion 18451855

Variation tolerance for TXN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 62.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.26; 5.87% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TXN Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TXN

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for TXN Gene

Disorders for TXN Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(28) MalaCards diseases for TXN Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
post-cardiac arrest syndrome
  • post cardiac syndrome
breast mucinous carcinoma
  • invasive mucinous breast carcinoma
adult t-cell leukemia
  • adult t-cell leukemia/lymphoma
myocarditis
  • myocardial inflammation
bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • bpd
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TXN in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for TXN

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TXN: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TXN Gene

Publications for TXN Gene

  1. Auto- and cross-reactivity to thioredoxin allergens in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. (PMID: 19032234) Glaser AG … Rhyner C (Allergy 2008) 3 4 23
  2. Thioredoxin catalyzes the S-nitrosation of the caspase-3 active site cysteine. (PMID: 16408020) Mitchell DA … Marletta MA (Nature chemical biology 2005) 3 4 23
  3. S-nitrosation of thioredoxin in the nitrogen monoxide/superoxide system activates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1. (PMID: 15246877) Yasinska IM … Sumbayev VV (Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2004) 3 4 23
  4. AP-1 transcriptional activity is regulated by a direct association between thioredoxin and Ref-1. (PMID: 9108029) Hirota K … Yodoi J (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1997) 3 4 23
  5. Crystal structures of reduced, oxidized, and mutated human thioredoxins: evidence for a regulatory homodimer. (PMID: 8805557) Weichsel A … Montfort WR (Structure (London, England : 1993) 1996) 3 4 23

Products for TXN Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for TXN

Sources for TXN Gene