Aliases for TUBA3D Gene
External Ids for TUBA3D Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TUBA3D Gene
This gene encodes a member of the alpha tubulin family. Tubulin is a major component of microtubules, which are composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimers and microtubule-associated proteins in the cytoskeleton. Microtubules maintain cellular structure, function in intracellular transport, and play a role in spindle formation during mitosis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for TUBA3D Gene
TUBA3D (Tubulin Alpha 3d) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TUBA3D include Keratoconus 9 and Keratoconus. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling and Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and structural constituent of cytoskeleton. An important paralog of this gene is TUBA3C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TUBA3D Gene
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.
Microtubules are cylindrical tubes of 20-25 nm in diameter. They are composed of protofilaments which are in turn composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin polymers. Each microtubule is polarized; at one end alpha-subunits are exposed (-) and at the other, beta-subunits are exposed (+).