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Aliases for TSPO2 Gene

Aliases for TSPO2 Gene

  • Translocator Protein 2 2 3 5
  • Peripheral-Type Benzodiazepine Receptor-Like Protein 1 3 4
  • Benzodiazapine Receptor (Peripheral)-Like 1 2 3
  • BZRPL1 3 4
  • Similar To RIKEN CDNA 2510027D20 2

External Ids for TSPO2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TSPO2 Gene

  • BZRPL1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSPO2 Gene

  • GC06P041119
  • GC06P041012
  • GC06P040728

Summaries for TSPO2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TSPO2 Gene

TSPO2 (Translocator Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cholesterol binding. An important paralog of this gene is TSPO.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPO2 Gene

  • Binds cholesterol and mediates its redistribution during erythropoiesis which may play a role in erythrocyte maturation.

Additional gene information for TSPO2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TSPO2 Gene

Genomics for TSPO2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TSPO2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TSPO2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH06I041042 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 550.8 +1.1 1078 0.1 TSPO2 APOBEC2 OARD1
GH06I041070 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.7 +32.2 32214 5.9 MLX FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC ZNF610 NFYA OARD1 ADCY10P1 TAF8 FRS3 TSPO2 UNC5CL APOBEC2
GH06I040995 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.9 -43.4 -43415 5.3 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 SLC30A9 ZNF416 ZNF143 FOS REST TSPO2 UNC5CL NFYA LOC101929555 GC06P042401
GH06I040953 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 -84.3 -84284 6.3 SOX13 FOXA2 ZMYM3 CEBPG ZNF48 FOSL2 NR2F6 FOS GATAD2A SOX5 ADCY10P1 TSPO2 UNC5CL GC06P042401 LOC101929555
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TSPO2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for TSPO2 Gene

Genomic Locations for TSPO2 Gene
2,968 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TSPO2 Gene

Genes around TSPO2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TSPO2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TSPO2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TSPO2 Gene

Proteins for TSPO2 Gene

  • Protein details for TSPO2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Translocator protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RPR2
    • B7ZMN8
    • Q3SX82

    Protein attributes for TSPO2 Gene

    170 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19129 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TSPO2 Gene


neXtProt entry for TSPO2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TSPO2 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for TSPO2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TSPO2 Gene

Domains & Families for TSPO2 Gene

Gene Families for TSPO2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for TSPO2 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TSPO2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The C-terminal region mediates cholesterol-binding.
  • Belongs to the TspO/BZRP family.
  • The C-terminal region mediates cholesterol-binding.
  • Belongs to the TspO/BZRP family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TSPO2: view

Function for TSPO2 Gene

Molecular function for TSPO2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Binds cholesterol and mediates its redistribution during erythropoiesis which may play a role in erythrocyte maturation.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TSPO2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TSPO2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015485 cholesterol binding ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPO2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TSPO2: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TSPO2 Gene

Localization for TSPO2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPO2 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TSPO2 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 4
plasma membrane 3
peroxisome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TSPO2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum ISS --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPO2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TSPO2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TSPO2 Gene

SuperPathways for TSPO2 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TSPO2 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 24)
Selected Interacting proteins: Q5TGU0-TSPO2_HUMAN ENSP00000362255 for TSPO2 Gene via IID UniProtKB STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TSPO2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPO2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TSPO2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TSPO2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TSPO2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TSPO2 Gene

(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TSPO2 Gene

Translocator protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TSPO2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for TSPO2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TSPO2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TSPO2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TSPO2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x29.6).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TSPO2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TSPO2 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TSPO2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TSPO2 Gene

Orthologs for TSPO2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TSPO2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TSPO2 33 34
  • 99.61 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TSPO2 33 34
  • 85.45 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tspo2 33
  • 77.71 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tspo2 33 16 34
  • 77.16 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TSPO2 34
  • 54 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TSPO2 34
  • 51 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TSPO2 34
  • 40 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TSPO2 34
  • 42 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tspo 34
  • 40 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG2789 34
  • 30 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C41G7.9 34
  • 17 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TSPO2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TSPO2 Gene

Gene Tree for TSPO2 (if available)
Gene Tree for TSPO2 (if available)

Paralogs for TSPO2 Gene

Paralogs for TSPO2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TSPO2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TSPO2: view

Variants for TSPO2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TSPO2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000039207 -- 41,039,841(+) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000324590 -- 41,043,577(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs1000412179 -- 41,039,586(+) A/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001019051 -- 41,041,005(+) C/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001840857 -- 41,042,851(+) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TSPO2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv526577 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for TSPO2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 62.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.80; 34.00% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TSPO2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPO2 Gene

Disorders for TSPO2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for TSPO2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for TSPO2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TSPO2 Gene

Publications for TSPO2 Gene

  1. Translocator protein 2 is involved in cholesterol redistribution during erythropoiesis. (PMID: 19729679) Fan J … Papadopoulos V (The Journal of biological chemistry 2009) 2 3 4 58
  2. PTEN identified as important risk factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (PMID: 19625176) Hosgood HD … Lan Q (Respiratory medicine 2009) 3 44 58
  3. Polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor 1 and vitamin C and matrix metalloproteinase gene families are associated with susceptibility to lymphoma. (PMID: 18636124) Skibola CF … Smith MT (PloS one 2008) 3 44 58
  4. Pathway-based evaluation of 380 candidate genes and lung cancer susceptibility suggests the importance of the cell cycle pathway. (PMID: 18676680) Hosgood HD … Lan Q (Carcinogenesis 2008) 3 44 58
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 58

Products for TSPO2 Gene

Sources for TSPO2 Gene

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