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Aliases for TSPEAR Gene

Aliases for TSPEAR Gene

  • Thrombospondin Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats 2 3 5
  • Thrombospondin-Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeat-Containing Protein 3 4
  • C21orf29 3 4
  • TSP-EAR 3 4
  • Thrombospondin-Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats-Containing Protein 3
  • Chromosome 21 Open Reading Frame 29 2
  • Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 98 2
  • ECTD14 3
  • DFNB98 3

External Ids for TSPEAR Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TSPEAR Gene

  • C21orf29
  • DFNB98

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSPEAR Gene

  • GC21M042438
  • GC21M045918
  • GC21M045919
  • GC21M046047
  • GC21M046309
  • GC21M046459
  • GC21M046655

Summaries for TSPEAR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TSPEAR Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that contains a N-terminal thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and several tandem arranged epilepsy-associated repeats (EARs). A mutation in this gene is the cause of autosomal recessive deafness-98. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

GeneCards Summary for TSPEAR Gene

TSPEAR (Thrombospondin Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TSPEAR include Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 98 and Ectodermal Dysplasia 14, Hair/Tooth Type With Or Without Hypohidrosis.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Additional gene information for TSPEAR Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TSPEAR Gene

Genomics for TSPEAR Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TSPEAR Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TSPEAR Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH21J044752 Promoter/Enhancer 1.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 600.3 -41.3 -41320 1.4 MYC FOSL2 CREB1 GATAD2B ZBTB33 TARDBP CTCF CTBP1 MNT SCRT2 TSPEAR TSPEAR-AS2 KRTAP10-2 KRTAP10-1 TSPEAR-AS1 LINC01424 UBE2G2 PIR42817 GC21M046951
GH21J044708 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 608.7 0.0 -21 7.6 PKNOX1 POLR2A EZH2 ZFHX2 SIN3A GATA3 CTCF ZNF143 FOS GLIS1 TSPEAR TSPEAR-AS2 LRRC3 LINC01678 PIR42817
GH21J044699 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 605.6 +11.7 11699 0.1 TSPEAR KRTAP10-12 KRTAP10-13P
GH21J044702 Promoter/Enhancer 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 8.7 +6.6 6643 4.5 ELF3 CEBPG TFE3 EGR1 GMEB1 ZIC2 CEBPA GATAD2A NFKBIZ RXRB GC21M046604 TSPEAR DNMT3L AIRE KRTAP10-13P
GH21J044697 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 5.6 +13.3 13273 1.2 TFE3 ZNF644 KAT8 ZIC2 GATAD2A SAP130 TEAD1 POLR2A KDM6A ZFHX2 KRTAP10-12 TSPEAR KRTAP10-13P
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around TSPEAR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for TSPEAR Gene

Genomic Locations for TSPEAR Gene
213,689 bases
Minus strand
213,721 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TSPEAR Gene

Genes around TSPEAR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TSPEAR Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TSPEAR Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TSPEAR Gene

Proteins for TSPEAR Gene

  • Protein details for TSPEAR Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeat-containing protein
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TSPEAR Gene

    669 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    74924 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH21197.2; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Intron retention.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TSPEAR Gene


neXtProt entry for TSPEAR Gene

Post-translational modifications for TSPEAR Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TSPEAR Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TSPEAR Gene

Domains & Families for TSPEAR Gene

Gene Families for TSPEAR Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for TSPEAR Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TSPEAR Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeats-containing protein (TSEAR_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TSPEAR: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Function for TSPEAR Gene

Molecular function for TSPEAR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in development or function of the auditory system.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TSPEAR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TSPEAR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPEAR: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TSPEAR: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TSPEAR Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for TSPEAR - Now 50% OFF >
  • * TSPEAR as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * TSPEAR tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TSPEAR Gene

Localization for TSPEAR Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Secreted. Cell surface. Cell projection, stereocilium. Note=Secreted protein which may bind to the cell surface via a membrane receptor. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TSPEAR gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 0
nucleus 0
lysosome 0

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TSPEAR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0009986 cell surface ISS --
GO:0032420 stereocilium ISS --
GO:0042995 cell projection IEA --
GO:0060170 ciliary membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TSPEAR Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TSPEAR Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for TSPEAR Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TSPEAR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007605 sensory perception of sound IMP,IEA 22678063
GO:0008593 regulation of Notch signaling pathway IMP 27736875
GO:0034505 tooth mineralization IMP 27736875
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TSPEAR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TSPEAR Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TSPEAR Gene


(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(11) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TSPEAR Gene

Thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeats:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for TSPEAR - Now 50% OFF >
  • * TSPEAR as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * TSPEAR tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TSPEAR Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TSPEAR Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TSPEAR Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TSPEAR Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TSPEAR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x8.6) and Pituitary (x7.0).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TSPEAR Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TSPEAR Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TSPEAR Gene

  • Lung(4.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TSPEAR Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • head
  • inner ear
  • middle ear
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TSPEAR: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TSPEAR Gene

Orthologs for TSPEAR Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TSPEAR Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35 34
  • 99.05 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC611461 34
  • 84.66 (n)
  • 84 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35 34
  • 83.78 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tspear 17 35 34
  • 81.79 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35
  • 70 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35
  • 67 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TSPEAR 35 34
  • 72.63 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TSPEAR 35
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tspear 34
  • 64.66 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tspearb 35 34
  • 62.22 (n)
tspeara 35
  • 54 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 43 (a)
-- 35
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TSPEAR was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TSPEAR Gene

Gene Tree for TSPEAR (if available)
Gene Tree for TSPEAR (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for TSPEAR: view image

Paralogs for TSPEAR Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for TSPEAR Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • A8MW19_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Paralogs for TSPEAR Gene

Variants for TSPEAR Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TSPEAR Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 21 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs117791519 benign-likely-benign, not specified 44,529,886(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs144586270 benign-likely-benign, not specified 44,533,884(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs147258456 benign-likely-benign, not specified 44,509,207(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs148713881 benign-likely-benign, not specified 44,533,693(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs452472 uncertain-significance, Ductal breast carcinoma 44,558,709(-) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TSPEAR Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2402n106 CNV duplication 24896259
dgv2506e59 CNV duplication 20981092
dgv4435n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv7891n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv7892n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1917114 CNV deletion 18987734
esv1943808 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2109234 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2114700 CNV deletion 18987734
esv23492 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv2660233 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2723638 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723666 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723667 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723668 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723669 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723670 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723671 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723673 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723674 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723675 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723676 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723677 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2751931 CNV loss 17911159
esv2760705 CNV gain 21179565
esv33817 CNV loss 17666407
esv3449400 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3557810 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3647132 CNV gain 21293372
esv3647133 CNV loss 21293372
esv7169 OTHER inversion 19470904
esv8518 OTHER inversion 19470904
nsv1055163 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1058359 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1061423 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1071761 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1111232 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1120413 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1123568 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1131644 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1139035 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1142576 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1149068 CNV duplication 26484159
nsv516004 CNV loss 19592680
nsv524387 CNV loss 19592680
nsv587802 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587803 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587804 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587810 CNV gain 21841781
nsv587811 CNV loss 21841781
nsv587812 CNV loss 21841781
nsv828913 CNV gain 20364138
nsv834109 CNV loss 17160897
nsv953646 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv953647 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for TSPEAR Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 95.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.16; 51.67% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TSPEAR Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Disorders for TSPEAR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for TSPEAR Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Deafness, autosomal recessive, 98 (DFNB98) [MIM:614861]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss with prelingual onset. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22678063}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for TSPEAR

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Genatlas for TSPEAR Gene

Publications for TSPEAR Gene

  1. Defect in the gene encoding the EAR/EPTP domain-containing protein TSPEAR causes DFNB98 profound deafness. (PMID: 22678063) Delmaghani S … Petit C (Human molecular genetics 2012) 2 3 4 58
  2. A common protein interaction domain links two recently identified epilepsy genes. (PMID: 12095917) Scheel H … Hofmann K (Human molecular genetics 2002) 2 3 4 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. Identification of likely pathogenic and known variants in TSPEAR, LAMB3, BCOR, and WNT10A in four Turkish families with tooth agenesis. (PMID: 30046887) Du R … Uyguner ZO (Human genetics 2018) 3 58
  5. Human gingiva transcriptome during wound healing. (PMID: 28005267) Wang Y … Tatakis DN (Journal of clinical periodontology 2017) 3 58

Products for TSPEAR Gene

Sources for TSPEAR Gene

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