Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for TSFM Gene

Aliases for TSFM Gene

  • Ts Translation Elongation Factor, Mitochondrial 2 3 5
  • EF-TsMt 3 4
  • EF-Ts 3 4
  • Elongation Factor Ts, Mitochondrial 3
  • Mitochondrial Elongation Factor Ts 3
  • EFTSMT 3
  • EFTS 3

External Ids for TSFM Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSFM Gene

  • GC12P058319
  • GC12P057893
  • GC12P056462
  • GC12P058167
  • GC12P055213
  • GC12P058176

Summaries for TSFM Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TSFM Gene

  • This gene encodes a mitochondrial translation elongation factor. The encoded protein is an enzyme that catalyzes the exchange of guanine nucleotides on the translation elongation factor Tu during the elongation step of mitchondrial protein translation. Mutations in this gene are associated with combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-3 syndrome. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TSFM Gene

TSFM (Ts Translation Elongation Factor, Mitochondrial) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TSFM include Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 3 and Central Nervous System Mesenchymal Non-Meningothelial Tumor. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Mitochondrial translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include translation elongation factor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSFM Gene

  • Associates with the EF-Tu.GDP complex and induces the exchange of GDP to GTP. It remains bound to the aminoacyl-tRNA.EF-Tu.GTP complex up to the GTP hydrolysis stage on the ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for TSFM Gene

Additional gene information for TSFM Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TSFM Gene

Genomics for TSFM Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TSFM Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TSFM Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12I057782 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 602.5 +0.4 429 1.9 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF416 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC TSFM NEMP1 MBD6 CDK4 EEF1AKMT3 CTDSP2 NAB2 ENSG00000224713 SLC26A10 ZBTB39
GH12I057780 Enhancer 0.3 ENCODE 603.5 -1.5 -1470 1.4 GTF2E2 TSFM EEF1AKMT3 ENSG00000257921
GH12I057743 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 59 -37.5 -37468 2.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B ZNF766 ZNF213 PIR55823 TSFM ATP23 ZBTB39 PRIM1 CYP27B1 EEF1AKMT3 METTL1 CDK4 NEMP1
GH12I057733 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 43 -44.1 -44133 9.6 HDGF ARID4B SIN3A ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 ZNF548 KLF13 SP3 REST AGAP2 TSPAN31 TSFM NEMP1 ARHGAP9 ATP23 CTDSP2 EEF1AKMT3 ENSG00000224713 CDK4
GH12I057770 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 50.1 -10.5 -10461 3 HDGF CLOCK MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 EEF1AKMT3 ENSG00000257921 METTL1 TSFM MBD6 CTDSP2 NEMP1 SLC26A10 CDK4 ENSG00000269903
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TSFM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TSFM gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TSFM Gene

Genomic Locations for TSFM Gene
25,483 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TSFM Gene

Genes around TSFM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TSFM Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TSFM Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TSFM Gene

Proteins for TSFM Gene

  • Protein details for TSFM Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Elongation factor Ts, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4E391
    • F5H2T7
    • Q561V7
    • Q8TBC2
    • Q9UQK0

    Protein attributes for TSFM Gene

    325 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35391 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TSFM Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TSFM Gene


neXtProt entry for TSFM Gene

Post-translational modifications for TSFM Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TSFM Gene

Domains & Families for TSFM Gene

Gene Families for TSFM Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the EF-Ts family.
  • Belongs to the EF-Ts family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TSFM: view

Function for TSFM Gene

Molecular function for TSFM Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Associates with the EF-Tu.GDP complex and induces the exchange of GDP to GTP. It remains bound to the aminoacyl-tRNA.EF-Tu.GTP complex up to the GTP hydrolysis stage on the ribosome.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TSFM Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TSFM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding HDA 22681889
GO:0003746 translation elongation factor activity IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25910212
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSFM: view

Phenotypes for TSFM Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TSFM: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TSFM Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for TSFM Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TSFM:
  • Tsfm tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TSFM Gene

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TSFM Gene

Localization for TSFM Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSFM Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TSFM gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
extracellular 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Mitochondria (3)
  • Nucleus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TSFM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion TAS,IDA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSFM: view

Pathways & Interactions for TSFM Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TSFM: view

Pathways by source for TSFM Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TSFM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0006414 translational elongation TAS 7615523
GO:0032784 regulation of DNA-templated transcription, elongation TAS 7615523
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation IBA --
GO:0070129 regulation of mitochondrial translation IDA 27677415
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSFM: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TSFM Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TSFM Gene

(3) Drugs for TSFM Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(3) Additional Compounds for TSFM Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TSFM: view

Transcripts for TSFM Gene

Unigene Clusters for TSFM Gene

Ts translation elongation factor, mitochondrial:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TSFM Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for TSFM Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TSFM Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TSFM Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TSFM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (9.1) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TSFM Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TSFM Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TSFM Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TSFM Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TSFM Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in all tissues, with the highest levels of expression in skeletal muscle, liver and kidney.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TSFM Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Liver(4.4)
  • Bone marrow(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TSFM Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • head
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • kidney
  • liver
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TSFM: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TSFM Gene

Orthologs for TSFM Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TSFM Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TSFM 33 34
  • 99.23 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TSFM 34
  • 88 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TSFM 33 34
  • 87.97 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tsfm 33 16 34
  • 84.72 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tsfm 33
  • 84.62 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TSFM 34
  • 71 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TSFM 34
  • 61 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tsfm 33
  • 63.28 (n)
Str.10593 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16462 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tsfm 33 34
  • 56.9 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009234 33
  • 51.59 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6412 35 33 34
  • 49.94 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tsfm-1 33 34
  • 45.43 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 31 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TSFM was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TSFM Gene

Gene Tree for TSFM (if available)
Gene Tree for TSFM (if available)

Paralogs for TSFM Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TSFM Gene

Variants for TSFM Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TSFM Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs10747783 benign, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 57,782,831(+) T/C coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs112956536 uncertain-significance, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 57,796,793(+) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs114214463 uncertain-significance, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 57,797,580(+) G/C 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs114694283 benign, likely-benign, not specified, not provided, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 57,796,359(+) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs121909485 pathogenic, likely-pathogenic, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 3, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 3 (COXPD3) [MIM:610505] 57,796,539(+) C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TSFM Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv559046 CNV gain 21841781
nsv510601 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv470297 CNV gain 18288195
nsv470296 CNV loss 18288195

Variation tolerance for TSFM Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 82.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.62; 45.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TSFM Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSFM Gene

Disorders for TSFM Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for TSFM Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 3
  • coxpd3
central nervous system mesenchymal non-meningothelial tumor
  • non-meningothelial mesenchymal tumor
extraosseous ewing's sarcoma
  • extraosseous ewing sarcoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TSFM in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 3 (COXPD3) [MIM:610505]: A mitochondrial disease resulting in severe metabolic acidosis with encephalomyopathy or with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Patients show a severe defect in mitochondrial translation leading to a failure to assemble adequate amounts of three of the oxidative phosphorylation complexes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17033963, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22499341, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27677415}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for TSFM

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TSFM: view

No data available for Genatlas for TSFM Gene

Publications for TSFM Gene

  1. Cloning and expression of mitochondrial translational elongation factor Ts from bovine and human liver. (PMID: 7615523) Xin H … Spremulli LL (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Distinct clinical phenotypes associated with a mutation in the mitochondrial translation elongation factor EFTs. (PMID: 17033963) Smeitink JA … Shoubridge EA (American journal of human genetics 2006) 3 4 22 58
  3. Molecular-genetic characterization and rescue of a TSFM mutation causing childhood-onset ataxia and nonobstructive cardiomyopathy. (PMID: 27677415) Emperador S … Montoya J (European journal of human genetics : EJHG 2016) 3 4 58
  4. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58
  5. The molecular basis for tissue specificity of the oxidative phosphorylation deficiencies in patients with mutations in the mitochondrial translation factor EFG1. (PMID: 16632485) Antonicka H … Shoubridge EA (Human molecular genetics 2006) 3 22 58

Products for TSFM Gene

Sources for TSFM Gene

Loading form....