Aliases for TSC1 Gene
External Ids for TSC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for TSC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSC1 Gene
This gene is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes the growth inhibitory protein hamartin. The encoded protein interacts with and stabilizes the GTPase activating protein tuberin. This hamartin-tuberin complex negatively regulates mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signalling which is a major regulator of anabolic cell growth. This protein also functions as a co-chaperone for Hsp90 that inhibits its ATPase activity. This protein functions as a facilitator of Hsp90-mediated folding of kinase and non-kinase clients, including Tsc2 and thereby preventing their ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Mutations in this gene have been associated with tuberous sclerosis. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2018]
GeneCards Summary for TSC1 Gene
TSC1 (TSC Complex Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TSC1 include Tuberous Sclerosis 1 and Focal Cortical Dysplasia, Type Ii. Among its related pathways are Macroautophagy and TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and chaperone binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TSC1 Gene
In complex with TSC2, inhibits the nutrient-mediated or growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of S6K1 and EIF4EBP1 by negatively regulating mTORC1 signaling (PubMed:12271141, PubMed:28215400). Seems not to be required for TSC2 GAP activity towards RHEB (PubMed:15340059). Implicated as a tumor suppressor. Involved in microtubule-mediated protein transport, but this seems to be due to unregulated mTOR signaling (By similarity). Acts as a co-chaperone for HSP90AA1 facilitating HSP90AA1 chaperoning of protein clients such as kinases, TSC2 and glucocorticoid receptor NR3C1 (PubMed:29127155). Increases ATP binding to HSP90AA1 and inhibits HSP90AA1 ATPase activity (PubMed:29127155). Competes with the activating co-chaperone AHSA1 for binding to HSP90AA1, thereby providing a reciprocal regulatory mechanism for chaperoning of client proteins (PubMed:29127155). Recruits TSC2 to HSP90AA1 and stabilizes TSC2 by preventing the interaction between TSC2 and ubiquitin ligase HERC1 (PubMed:16464865, PubMed:29127155).