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Aliases for TRMT44 Gene

Aliases for TRMT44 Gene

  • TRNA Methyltransferase 44 Homolog 2 3 5
  • Methyltransferase-Like Protein 19 3 4
  • Methyltransferase Like 19 2 3
  • C4orf23 3 4
  • METTL19 3 4
  • TRNA Methyltransferase 44 Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • Probable TRNA (Uracil-O(2)-)-Methyltransferase 3
  • Chromosome 4 Open Reading Frame 23 2
  • EC 4
  • EC 2.1.1 56
  • TRM44 3

External Ids for TRMT44 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TRMT44 Gene

  • C4orf23
  • METTL19

Summaries for TRMT44 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TRMT44 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a putative tRNA methyltransferase found in the cytoplasm. Defects in this gene may be a cause of partial epilepsy with pericentral spikes (PEPS), but that has not been proven definitively. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

GeneCards Summary for TRMT44 Gene

TRMT44 (TRNA Methyltransferase 44 Homolog) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and tRNA processing. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include methyltransferase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene

  • Probable adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase.

Additional gene information for TRMT44 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TRMT44 Gene

Genomics for TRMT44 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TRMT44 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TRMT44 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH04I008438 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 572 +4.1 4119 3.7 PKNOX1 SMAD1 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 IRF4 TRMT44 ACOX3 ENSG00000251615 LOC105374376
GH04I008434 Promoter/Enhancer 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 572 -0.5 -543 2.3 IRF2 ZNF687 PKNOX1 L3MBTL2 TAL1 CBFA2T3 MNT TCF12 NCOR1 ZNF184 TRMT44 LOC105374376 ENSG00000205959 ENSG00000251615 ACOX3 PIR46187
GH04I008436 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE dbSUPER 572.4 +1.5 1530 1.5 POLR2A ZBTB2 ZNF184 IKZF1 SCRT2 ZBTB33 TRMT44 LOC105374376 ENSG00000251615 ACOX3
GH04I007977 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 55.3 -457.3 -457291 2.9 KLF1 USF1 ZFP64 ZNF140 ZNF266 KLF17 ZNF697 ZNF213 ZNF354C ZNF433 TRMT44 GMPSP1 GPR78 CPZ AFAP1 PIR60893 PIR56008 ABLIM2
GH04I008427 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.5 -7.9 -7940 2.1 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 BRCA1 ZNF48 ETS1 TCF12 ZNF121 POLR2B ACOX3 TRMT44 ENSG00000251186 GMPSP1 SH3TC1 ENSG00000251615 PIR46187
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TRMT44 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for TRMT44 Gene

Genomic Locations for TRMT44 Gene
80,408 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TRMT44 Gene

Genes around TRMT44 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TRMT44 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TRMT44 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TRMT44 Gene

Proteins for TRMT44 Gene

  • Protein details for TRMT44 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Probable tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8NA95

    Protein attributes for TRMT44 Gene

    757 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    84629 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TRMT44 Gene


neXtProt entry for TRMT44 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for TRMT44 Gene


Post-translational modifications for TRMT44 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Families for TRMT44 Gene

Protein Domains for TRMT44 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TRMT44 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TRM44 family.
  • Belongs to the TRM44 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TRMT44: view

Function for TRMT44 Gene

Molecular function for TRMT44 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uridine(44) in tRNA(Ser) = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2-O-methyluridine(44) in tRNA(Ser).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TRMT44 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008168 methyltransferase activity IEA --
GO:0016300 tRNA (uracil) methyltransferase activity IBA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TRMT44: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TRMT44 Gene

Localization for TRMT44 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TRMT44 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view

Pathways & Interactions for TRMT44 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TRMT44: view

Pathways by source for TRMT44 Gene

Interacting Proteins for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008033 tRNA processing IEA --
GO:0030488 tRNA methylation IBA --
GO:0032259 methylation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TRMT44 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TRMT44 Gene

(1) Drugs for TRMT44 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
s-adenosylhomocysteine Experimental Pharma 0

(1) Additional Compounds for TRMT44 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (3S)-5'-[(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)methylsulfonio]-5'-deoxyadenosine
  • 2-S-Adenosyl-L-methionine
  • 5'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-L-methionine disulfate ditosylate
  • 5'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-L-methionine disulphate ditosylate
  • Active methionine
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TRMT44: view

Transcripts for TRMT44 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TRMT44 Gene

TRNA methyltransferase 44 homolog (S. cerevisiae):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TRMT44 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12a · 12b · 12c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for TRMT44 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TRMT44 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TRMT44 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TRMT44 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (68.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TRMT44 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TRMT44 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TRMT44 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TRMT44 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TRMT44: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TRMT44 Gene

Orthologs for TRMT44 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TRMT44 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TRMT44 33 34
  • 95.76 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TRMT44 33 34
  • 77.82 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TRMT44 33 34
  • 77.49 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Trmt44 33
  • 73.86 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Trmt44 33 16 34
  • 73.15 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TRMT44 34
  • 69 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TRMT44 34
  • 62 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves METTL19 33
  • 64.79 (n)
TRMT44 34
  • 61 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 72 (a)
-- 34
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia trmt44 33
  • 66.88 (n)
Str.3599 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398534 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii trmt44 33 34
  • 58.66 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006663 33
  • 53.21 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9386 33 34
  • 50.32 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C23G10.7 34
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TRM44 34
  • 21 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8390 33
Species where no ortholog for TRMT44 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Tree for TRMT44 (if available)
Gene Tree for TRMT44 (if available)

Paralogs for TRMT44 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TRMT44 Gene

Variants for TRMT44 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TRMT44 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000046229 -- 8,475,483(+) G/C genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000050789 -- 8,477,773(+) C/G genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000056880 -- 8,510,788(+) C/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000120918 -- 8,477,062(+) T/G genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs10001657 -- 8,496,729(+) A/G genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TRMT44 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv34196 OTHER inversion 12058347
esv3599546 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1002794 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1005698 CNV gain 25217958
nsv461220 CNV loss 19166990
nsv593638 CNV loss 21841781
nsv829854 CNV gain+loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TRMT44 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 94.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.70; 57.32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TRMT44 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene

Disorders for TRMT44 Gene

Additional Disease Information for TRMT44

No disorders were found for TRMT44 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TRMT44 Gene

Publications for TRMT44 Gene

  1. Q8IYL2 is a candidate gene for the familial epilepsy syndrome of Partial Epilepsy with Pericentral Spikes (PEPS). (PMID: 21658913) Leschziner GD … Johnson MR (Epilepsy research 2011) 2 3 4 58
  2. DUF1613 is a novel family of eucaryotic AdoMet-dependent methyltransferases. (PMID: 16861910) Knizewski L … Ginalski K (Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 2006) 3 4 58
  3. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier LW … Wilson RK (Nature 2005) 3 4 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for TRMT44 Gene

Sources for TRMT44 Gene

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