Aliases for TRIM28 Gene
- Tripartite Motif Containing 28 2 3 5
- RNF96 2 3 4
- TIF1B 2 3 4
- KAP1 2 3 4
- Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory Subunit 157 2 3
- RING-Type E3 Ubiquitin Transferase TIF1-Beta 3 4
- Transcription Intermediary Factor 1-Beta 3 4
- E3 SUMO-Protein Ligase TRIM28 3 4
- KRAB-Interacting Protein 1 3 4
- Nuclear Corepressor KAP-1 3 4
- RING Finger Protein 96 3 4
External Ids for TRIM28 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TRIM28 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene mediates transcriptional control by interaction with the Kruppel-associated box repression domain found in many transcription factors. The protein localizes to the nucleus and is thought to associate with specific chromatin regions. The protein is a member of the tripartite motif family. This tripartite motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TRIM28 Gene
TRIM28 (Tripartite Motif Containing 28) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TRIM28 include Wilms Tumor 1 and Breast Medullary Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are E2F transcription factor network and C-MYB transcription factor network. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is TRIM33.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TRIM28 Gene
Nuclear corepressor for KRAB domain-containing zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZFPs). Mediates gene silencing by recruiting CHD3, a subunit of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylation (NuRD) complex, and SETDB1 (which specifically methylates histone H3 at 'Lys-9' (H3K9me)) to the promoter regions of KRAB target genes. Enhances transcriptional repression by coordinating the increase in H3K9me, the decrease in histone H3 'Lys-9 and 'Lys-14' acetylation (H3K9ac and H3K14ac, respectively) and the disposition of HP1 proteins to silence gene expression. Recruitment of SETDB1 induces heterochromatinization. May play a role as a coactivator for CEBPB and NR3C1 in the transcriptional activation of ORM1. Also corepressor for ERBB4. Inhibits E2F1 activity by stimulating E2F1-HDAC1 complex formation and inhibiting E2F1 acetylation. May serve as a partial backup to prevent E2F1-mediated apoptosis in the absence of RB1. Important regulator of CDKN1A/p21(CIP1). Has E3 SUMO-protein ligase activity toward itself via its PHD-type zinc finger. Also specifically sumoylates IRF7, thereby inhibiting its transactivation activity. Ubiquitinates p53/TP53 leading to its proteosomal degradation; the function is enhanced by MAGEC2 and MAGEA2, and possibly MAGEA3 and MAGEA6. Mediates the nuclear localization of KOX1, ZNF268 and ZNF300 transcription factors. In association with isoform 2 of ZFP90, is required for the transcriptional repressor activity of FOXP3 and the suppressive function of regulatory T-cells (Treg) (PubMed:23543754). Probably forms a corepressor complex required for activated KRAS-mediated promoter hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) or other tumor-related genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells (PubMed:24623306). Required to maintain a transcriptionally repressive state of genes in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells (ESCs) (PubMed:24623306). In ESCs, in collaboration with SETDB1, is also required for H3K9me3 and silencing of endogenous and introduced retroviruses in a DNA-methylation independent-pathway (By similarity). Associates at promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) leading to their gene silencing (PubMed:24623306). The SETDB1-TRIM28-ZNF274 complex may play a role in recruiting ATRX to the 3'-exons of zinc-finger coding genes with atypical chromatin signatures to establish or maintain/protect H3K9me3 at these transcriptionally active regions (PubMed:27029610). Acts as a corepressor for ZFP568 (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Plays a critical role in the shutdown of lytic gene expression during the early stage of herpes virus 8 primary infection. This inhibition is mediated through interaction with herpes virus 8 protein LANA1.