Aliases for TPR Gene
- Translocated Promoter Region, Nuclear Basket Protein 2 3 5
- Translocated Promoter Region (To Activated MET Oncogene) 2 3
- Translocated Promoter Region Protein 3 4
- NPC-Associated Intranuclear Protein 3 4
- Nucleoprotein TPR 3 4
- Megator 3 4
- Nuclear Pore Complex-Associated Protein TPR 3
- Tumor Potentiating Region 3
External Ids for TPR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TPR Gene
This gene encodes a large coiled-coil protein that forms intranuclear filaments attached to the inner surface of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). The protein directly interacts with several components of the NPC. It is required for the nuclear export of mRNAs and some proteins. Oncogenic fusions of the 5' end of this gene with several different kinase genes occur in some neoplasias. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TPR Gene
TPR (Translocated Promoter Region, Nuclear Basket Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TPR include Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma and Bejel. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and HIV Life Cycle. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TPR Gene
Component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), a complex required for the trafficking across the nuclear envelope. Functions as a scaffolding element in the nuclear phase of the NPC essential for normal nucleocytoplasmic transport of proteins and mRNAs, plays a role in the establishment of nuclear-peripheral chromatin compartmentalization in interphase, and in the mitotic spindle checkpoint signaling during mitosis. Involved in the quality control and retention of unspliced mRNAs in the nucleus; in association with NUP153, regulates the nuclear export of unspliced mRNA species bearing constitutive transport element (CTE) in a NXF1- and KHDRBS1-independent manner. Negatively regulates both the association of CTE-containing mRNA with large polyribosomes and translation initiation. Does not play any role in Rev response element (RRE)-mediated export of unspliced mRNAs. Implicated in nuclear export of mRNAs transcribed from heat shock gene promoters; associates both with chromatin in the HSP70 promoter and with mRNAs transcribed from this promoter under stress-induced conditions. Modulates the nucleocytoplasmic transport of activated MAPK1/ERK2 and huntingtin/HTT and may serve as a docking site for the XPO1/CRM1-mediated nuclear export complex. According to some authors, plays a limited role in the regulation of nuclear protein export (PubMed:22253824 and PubMed:11952838). Plays also a role as a structural and functional element of the perinuclear chromatin distribution; involved in the formation and/or maintenance of NPC-associated perinuclear heterochromatin exclusion zones (HEZs). Finally, acts as a spatial regulator of the spindle-assembly checkpoint (SAC) response ensuring a timely and effective recruitment of spindle checkpoint proteins like MAD1L1 and MAD2L1 to unattached kinetochore during the metaphase-anaphase transition before chromosome congression. Its N-terminus is involved in activation of oncogenic kinases.