Aliases for TPM4 Gene
External Ids for TPM4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TPM4 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the tropomyosin family of actin-binding proteins involved in the contractile system of striated and smooth muscles and the cytoskeleton of non-muscle cells. Tropomyosins are dimers of coiled-coil proteins that polymerize end-to-end along the major groove in most actin filaments. They provide stability to the filaments and regulate access of other actin-binding proteins. In muscle cells, they regulate muscle contraction by controlling the binding of myosin heads to the actin filament. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]
GeneCards Summary for TPM4 Gene
TPM4 (Tropomyosin 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TPM4 include Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor and Autosomal Dominant Macrothrombocytopenia. Among its related pathways are Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and Cardiac muscle contraction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and structural constituent of muscle. An important paralog of this gene is TPM1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TPM4 Gene
Binds to actin filaments in muscle and non-muscle cells. Plays a central role, in association with the troponin complex, in the calcium dependent regulation of vertebrate striated muscle contraction. Smooth muscle contraction is regulated by interaction with caldesmon. In non-muscle cells is implicated in stabilizing cytoskeleton actin filaments (By similarity). Binds calcium (PubMed:1836432).