Aliases for TP63 Gene
External Ids for TP63 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for TP63 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TP63 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the p53 family of transcription factors. The functional domains of p53 family proteins include an N-terminal transactivation domain, a central DNA-binding domain and an oligomerization domain. Alternative splicing of this gene and the use of alternative promoters results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms that vary in their functional properties. These isoforms function during skin development and maintenance, adult stem/progenitor cell regulation, heart development and premature aging. Some isoforms have been found to protect the germline by eliminating oocytes or testicular germ cells that have suffered DNA damage. Mutations in this gene are associated with ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip/palate syndrome 3 (EEC3); split-hand/foot malformation 4 (SHFM4); ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate; ADULT syndrome (acro-dermato-ungual-lacrimal-tooth); limb-mammary syndrome; Rap-Hodgkin syndrome (RHS); and orofacial cleft 8. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
GeneCards Summary for TP63 Gene
TP63 (Tumor Protein P63) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TP63 include Adult Syndrome and Ankyloblepharon-Ectodermal Defects-Cleft Lip/Palate. Among its related pathways are TP53 Regulates Transcription of Cell Death Genes and Regulation of TP53 Activity. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is TP73.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TP63 Gene
Acts as a sequence specific DNA binding transcriptional activator or repressor. The isoforms contain a varying set of transactivation and auto-regulating transactivation inhibiting domains thus showing an isoform specific activity. Isoform 2 activates RIPK4 transcription. May be required in conjunction with TP73/p73 for initiation of p53/TP53 dependent apoptosis in response to genotoxic insults and the presence of activated oncogenes. Involved in Notch signaling by probably inducing JAG1 and JAG2. Plays a role in the regulation of epithelial morphogenesis. The ratio of DeltaN-type and TA*-type isoforms may govern the maintenance of epithelial stem cell compartments and regulate the initiation of epithelial stratification from the undifferentiated embryonal ectoderm. Required for limb formation from the apical ectodermal ridge. Activates transcription of the p21 promoter.