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Aliases for TOR3A Gene

Aliases for TOR3A Gene

  • Torsin Family 3 Member A 2 3 4 5
  • ATP-Dependent Interferon-Responsive Protein 3 4
  • ATP-Dependant Interferon Responsive 2 3
  • ADIR 3 4
  • ATP-Dependant Interferon Response Protein 1 3
  • Torsin Family 3, Member A 2
  • Torsin-3A 3
  • ADIR2 3

External Ids for TOR3A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TOR3A Gene

  • ADIR

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TOR3A Gene

  • GC00U990670
  • GC01P174479
  • GC01U900786
  • GC01P176290
  • GC01P175782
  • GC01P177317
  • GC01P150279

Summaries for TOR3A Gene

GeneCards Summary for TOR3A Gene

TOR3A (Torsin Family 3 Member A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TOR3A include Apperceptive Agnosia and Speech And Communication Disorders. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TOR1A.

Additional gene information for TOR3A Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TOR3A Gene

Genomics for TOR3A Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TOR3A Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TOR3A Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01I179080 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 565.6 +1.4 1358 4.2 HNRNPUL1 PKNOX1 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 TOR3A GC01M179080 CEP350 TOR1AIP1 ABL2 AXDND1 GC01M179101 PIR61676
GH01I179139 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 29 +61.2 61223 5.6 MZF1 SIN3A RFX5 EGR1 FOS DEK EGR2 NFYA USF2 CEBPB ABL2 TOR3A AXDND1 SOAT1 ENSG00000234041 SETP10
GH01I179023 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 24.6 -55.5 -55484 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B POLR2B FAM20B TOR3A RALGPS2 CEP350 AXDND1 GC01M179035 GC01P179007
GH01I179292 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 26.1 +213.3 213305 3.4 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 SOAT1 GC01P179293 TOR3A AXDND1 LHX4 TDRD5 LOC100420262
GH01I179228 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 17.5 +148.4 148385 2.5 HDGF FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A ZBTB7B ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 ARID2 FOS ABL2 TOR3A AXDND1 COX5BP8
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TOR3A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TOR3A gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TOR3A Gene

Genomic Locations for TOR3A Gene
16,647 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TOR3A Gene

Genes around TOR3A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TOR3A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TOR3A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TOR3A Gene

Proteins for TOR3A Gene

  • Protein details for TOR3A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DSY0
    • B7ZB65
    • Q5M7Y7
    • Q8WVA7
    • Q8WWM2
    • Q9H495
    • Q9H6E7

    Protein attributes for TOR3A Gene

    397 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    46199 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • May not form homohexamers.

    Alternative splice isoforms for TOR3A Gene


neXtProt entry for TOR3A Gene

Post-translational modifications for TOR3A Gene

Other Protein References for TOR3A Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for TOR3A

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TOR3A Gene

Domains & Families for TOR3A Gene

Gene Families for TOR3A Gene

Protein Domains for TOR3A Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TOR3A Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ClpA/ClpB family. Torsin subfamily.
  • Belongs to the ClpA/ClpB family. Torsin subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TOR3A: view

Function for TOR3A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TOR3A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016887 ATPase activity IDA 23569223
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOR3A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TOR3A: view

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TOR3A Gene

Localization for TOR3A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOR3A Gene

Cytoplasm. Endoplasmic reticulum lumen.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TOR3A gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TOR3A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA,IDA 11863361
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen IDA,IEA 11863361
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA,HDA 19199708
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOR3A: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TOR3A Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TOR3A Gene

SuperPathways for TOR3A Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TOR3A Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TOR3A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TOR3A Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TOR3A Gene

Unigene Clusters for TOR3A Gene

Torsin family 3, member A:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TOR3A Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - - - - - - -
SP7: - -
SP8: - -
SP10: - -

Relevant External Links for TOR3A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TOR3A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TOR3A Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TOR3A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (60.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TOR3A Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TOR3A Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TOR3A Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TOR3A Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed. Highest expression in stomach, salivary glands and lymph nodes. Isoform 2 is expressed in placenta.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TOR3A Gene

  • Pancreas(4.3)
  • Kidney(4.2)
  • Muscle(4.2)
  • Stomach(4.2)
  • Eye(4)
  • Nervous system(3.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TOR3A: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TOR3A Gene

Orthologs for TOR3A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TOR3A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TOR3A 33 34
  • 99.58 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TOR3A 33 34
  • 82.19 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TOR3A 33 34
  • 82.17 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tor3a 33 16 34
  • 78.33 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tor3a 33
  • 76.89 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 61 (a)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TOR3A 34
  • 59 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TOR3A 33 34
  • 67.73 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TOR3A 34
  • 55 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tor3a 33
  • 54.26 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tor3a 33 34
  • 60.76 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Torsin 34
  • 27 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tor-1 34
  • 29 (a)
ooc-5 34
  • 27 (a)
tor-2 34
  • 24 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7178 34
  • 35 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TOR3A was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TOR3A Gene

Gene Tree for TOR3A (if available)
Gene Tree for TOR3A (if available)

Paralogs for TOR3A Gene

Paralogs for TOR3A Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for TOR3A Gene using alignment to 4 proteins: Pseudogenes for TOR3A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TOR3A: view

Variants for TOR3A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TOR3A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000138208 -- 179,083,257(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000199195 -- 179,084,969(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000229152 -- 179,089,149(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000299036 -- 179,083,595(+) G/C/T intron_variant
rs1000479552 -- 179,083,652(+) G/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TOR3A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2658665 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3588046 CNV loss 21293372
nsv3721 CNV insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for TOR3A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 79.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.84; 34.51% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TOR3A Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOR3A Gene

Disorders for TOR3A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for TOR3A Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
apperceptive agnosia
speech and communication disorders
  • communication disorder
pervasive developmental disorder
  • pervasive development disorder
visual agnosia
  • primary visual agnosia
disease of mental health
  • mental health
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TOR3A in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for TOR3A

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TOR3A: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TOR3A Gene

Publications for TOR3A Gene

  1. Molecular cloning of ADIR, a novel interferon responsive gene encoding a protein related to the torsins. (PMID: 11863361) Dron M … Tovey MG (Genomics 2002) 3 4 22 58
  2. Relative tissue expression of homologous torsinB correlates with the neuronal specific importance of DYT1 dystonia-associated torsinA. (PMID: 20015956) Jungwirth M … Goodchild R (Human molecular genetics 2010) 3 4 58
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58
  4. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory SG … Prigmore E (Nature 2006) 3 4 58
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58

Products for TOR3A Gene

Sources for TOR3A Gene

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