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Aliases for TOM1L2 Gene

Aliases for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Target Of Myb1 Like 2 Membrane Trafficking Protein 2 3 5
  • Target Of Myb1 (Chicken) Homolog-Like 1 2
  • Target Of Myb1-Like 2 (Chicken) 2
  • Target Of Myb-Like Protein 2 4

External Ids for TOM1L2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TOM1L2 Gene

  • GC17U990153
  • GC17M017693
  • GC17M017950
  • GC17M017691
  • GC17M017688
  • GC17M017746
  • GC17M017500

Summaries for TOM1L2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

  • This gene belongs to a small gene family whose members have an N-terminal VHS domain followed by a GAT domain; domains which typically participate in vesicular trafficking. The canonical protein encoded by this gene also has a C-terminal clathrin binding motif. This protein has been shown to interact with Tollip, clathrin and ubiquitin and is thought to play a role in endosomal sorting. This gene resides in the 3.7 Mb deletion of chromosome region 17p11.2 that is associated with Smith-Magenis syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]

GeneCards Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

TOM1L2 (Target Of Myb1 Like 2 Membrane Trafficking Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TOM1L2 include Smith-Magenis Syndrome. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and clathrin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TOM1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Probable role in protein transport. May regulate growth factor-induced mitogenic signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for TOM1L2 Gene

Additional gene information for TOM1L2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

Genomics for TOM1L2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TOM1L2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TOM1L2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH17I017970 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 565.7 +0.4 407 3.1 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 SLC30A9 TOM1L2 DRC3 SMCR8 FAM106A FOXO3B RAI1 DRG2 FLII ZNF286B USP32P2
GH17I017833 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.8 +134.0 134015 8.9 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC GC17P017838 SREBF1 ENSG00000264885 DRG2 SMCR8 RAI1 TOM1L2 TOP3A CCDC144B FOXO3B
GH17I017817 Promoter/Enhancer 2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.9 +149.5 149482 10.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 IRF4 YY1 GC17M017824 GC17M017823 ENSG00000264885 LOC100419436 FAM106A DRG2 CCDC144B TOM1L2 ENSG00000197815 ZNF286B
GH17I017847 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19.4 +122.8 122810 3.6 FOXA2 PKNOX1 ARID4B DMAP1 IRF4 POLR2B ZNF766 ZNF143 SP5 MXD4 TOM1L2 MIR33B RAI1 PEMT RASD1 PIR50347 GC17M017849 PIR36128
GH17I018037 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 15.6 -66.8 -66756 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATPAF2 GID4 FAM106A LOC100419436 TOM1L2 ZNF286B ENSG00000273018 ENSG00000264885 MPRIP-AS1 MPRIP
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TOM1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TOM1L2 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TOM1L2 Gene

Genomic Locations for TOM1L2 Gene
128,963 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TOM1L2 Gene

Genes around TOM1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TOM1L2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TOM1L2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TOM1L2 Gene

Proteins for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Protein details for TOM1L2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    TOM1-like protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7Z2L7
    • B7Z7F4
    • Q86V61
    • Q8TDE7
    • Q96M88

    Protein attributes for TOM1L2 Gene

    507 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    55556 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with clathrin, SRC and TOLLIP.
    • Sequence=AAL78338.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=101, 121, 170; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TOM1L2 Gene


neXtProt entry for TOM1L2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=101101, posLast=106106, posLast=145145, posLast=400400, and posLast=462462

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TOM1L2 Gene

Domains & Families for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Families for TOM1L2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for TOM1L2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The GAT domain mediates interaction with TOLLIP.
  • Belongs to the TOM1 family.
  • The GAT domain mediates interaction with TOLLIP.
  • Belongs to the TOM1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TOM1L2: view

Function for TOM1L2 Gene

Molecular function for TOM1L2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
v-Myb target gene-like 2,retroviral oncogene,involved in transformation of myelomonoctic cells,in the Smith-Magenis critical region
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable role in protein transport. May regulate growth factor-induced mitogenic signaling.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16412388
GO:0019901 protein kinase binding IPI 16479011
GO:0030276 clathrin binding IDA 16412388
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TOM1L2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TOM1L2 Gene

Localization for TOM1L2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TOM1L2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
golgi apparatus 2
endosome 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (3)
  • Intermediate filaments (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA,HDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TOM1L2 Gene

SuperPathways for TOM1L2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IDA 16479011
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
GO:0045839 negative regulation of mitotic nuclear division IDA 16479011
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TOM1L2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TOM1L2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TOM1L2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TOM1L2 Gene

Target of myb1-like 2 (chicken):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TOM1L2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TOM1L2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TOM1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TOM1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TOM1L2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (15.2), Adrenal (10.2), and Cervix (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TOM1L2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TOM1L2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TOM1L2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TOM1L2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TOM1L2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with higher expression in heart and skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TOM1L2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TOM1L2 Gene

Orthologs for TOM1L2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TOM1L2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 99.67 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TOM1L2 34
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 91.72 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TOM1L2 34
  • 89 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tom1l2 33
  • 88.52 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tom1l2 33 16 34
  • 87.64 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 86.42 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TOM1L2 33 34
  • 79.68 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TOM1L2 34
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tom1l2 33
  • 72.87 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.1482 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii TOM1L2 34
  • 72 (a)
LOC100535615 33
  • 70.36 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006097 33
  • 53.67 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG3529 33 34
  • 53.31 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C07A12.7 33 34
  • 55.18 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HSE1 34
  • 13 (a)
GGA2 36
Species where no ortholog for TOM1L2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Tree for TOM1L2 (if available)
Gene Tree for TOM1L2 (if available)

Paralogs for TOM1L2 Gene

Paralogs for TOM1L2 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for TOM1L2 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TOM1L2: view

Variants for TOM1L2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TOM1L2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs386352375 uncertain-significance, not provided 17,898,668(-) C/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000016495 -- 17,853,739(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000030337 -- 17,899,858(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1000031462 -- 17,860,009(-) C/A intron_variant
rs1000038483 -- 17,898,531(-) G/C/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TOM1L2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833385 CNV loss 17160897
nsv522668 CNV loss 19592680
nsv510701 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv499114 OTHER inversion 21111241
nsv155 OTHER inversion 15895083
esv3640138 CNV loss 21293372

Variation tolerance for TOM1L2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 17.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.64; 13.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TOM1L2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

Disorders for TOM1L2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TOM1L2 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
smith-magenis syndrome
  • sms
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for TOM1L2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TOM1L2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TOM1L2 Gene

Publications for TOM1L2 Gene

  1. Analysis of lipid pathway genes indicates association of sequence variation near SREBF1/TOM1L2/ATPAF2 with dementia risk. (PMID: 20167577) Reynolds CA … Prince JA (Human molecular genetics 2010) 3 44 58
  2. Recruitment of clathrin onto endosomes by the Tom1-Tollip complex. (PMID: 16412388) Katoh Y … Nakayama K (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2006) 3 4 58
  3. The adaptor protein Tom1L1 is a negative regulator of Src mitogenic signaling induced by growth factors. (PMID: 16479011) Franco M … Roche S (Molecular and cellular biology 2006) 3 4 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for TOM1L2 Gene

Sources for TOM1L2 Gene

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