This gene encodes a member of the tenascin family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins. The encoded protein is restricted to the central nervous system. The protein may play a role in neurite outgrowth, neural cell adhesion and modulation of sodium channel function. It is a constituent of perineuronal nets. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013] See more...

Aliases for TNR Gene

Aliases for TNR Gene

  • Tenascin R 2 3 5
  • Restrictin 2 3 4
  • Janusin 2 3 4
  • Tenascin-R 3 4
  • TN-R 3 4
  • TNR 5

External Ids for TNR Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNR Gene

  • GC01M172816
  • GC01M170720
  • GC01M171872
  • GC01M172531
  • GC01M172023
  • GC01M173558
  • GC01M146518

Summaries for TNR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TNR Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the tenascin family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins. The encoded protein is restricted to the central nervous system. The protein may play a role in neurite outgrowth, neural cell adhesion and modulation of sodium channel function. It is a constituent of perineuronal nets. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

GeneCards Summary for TNR Gene

TNR (Tenascin R) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TNR include Familial Osteochondritis Dissecans and Osteochondritis Dissecans. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Focal Adhesion. An important paralog of this gene is TNC.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TNR Gene

  • Neural extracellular matrix (ECM) protein involved in interactions with different cells and matrix components. These interactions can influence cellular behavior by either evoking a stable adhesion and differentiation, or repulsion and inhibition of neurite growth. Binding to cell surface gangliosides inhibits RGD-dependent integrin-mediated cell adhesion and results in an inhibition of PTK2/FAK1 (FAK) phosphorylation and cell detachment. Binding to membrane surface sulfatides results in a oligodendrocyte adhesion and differentiation. Interaction with CNTN1 induces a repulsion of neurons and an inhibition of neurite outgrowth. Interacts with SCN2B may play a crucial role in clustering and regulation of activity of sodium channels at nodes of Ranvier. TNR-linked chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans are involved in the interaction with FN1 and mediate inhibition of cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth. The highly regulated addition of sulfated carbohydrate structure may modulate the adhesive properties of TNR over the course of development and during synapse maintenance (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for TNR Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for TNR Gene

Genomics for TNR Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for TNR Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01J175743 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl 600.7 +0.4 402 1.4 CTCF REST PRDM1 ZSCAN4 RAD21 SP1 EZH2 SCRT2 CTBP1 SMC3 TNR lnc-TNR-3 HSALNG0008611 lnc-TNR-5 KIAA0040
GH01J175470 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 +272.7 272742 1.9 ZNF221 CREB1 PRDM10 ZNF629 ZNF692 PRDM1 ZSCAN4 PATZ1 ZNF239 ZNF600 MRPS14 TNR HSALNG0008603 MN309174-017 KIAA0040 lnc-TNR-3
GH01J175572 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.2 +169.6 169628 2.5 ZNF221 PRDM10 ZNF629 ZNF692 ZIC2 ZSCAN4 PATZ1 ZNF331 ZNF501 ZNF600 MRPS14 TNR HSALNG0008606 lnc-TNN-3 lnc-TNR-3 KIAA0040
GH01J175154 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.6 +588.0 588012 2.2 CTCF JUND FOXA1 ZNF143 REST RAD21 TRIM22 MTA3 CTBP1 RUNX3 lnc-TNN-1 TNR KIAA0040 HSALNG0008587 TNN
GH01J175316 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 +424.6 424613 4.2 CREB1 CTCF PRDM10 ZNF629 JUND FOXA1 ZNF143 REST RAD21 IKZF2 LOC105371623 lnc-KIAA0040-4 TNR RPS29P4 ENSG00000260990 KIAA0040
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around TNR on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for TNR

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TNR gene promoter:
  • ATF-2
  • CRE-BP1
  • HEN1
  • Lhx3a
  • LHX3b
  • Olf-1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • RP58
  • Sox5
  • STAT1

Genomic Locations for TNR Gene

Genomic Locations for TNR Gene
chr1:175,315,194-175,743,702
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
428,509 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr1:175,284,330-175,712,906
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
428,577 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TNR Gene

Genes around TNR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TNR Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TNR Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TNR Gene

Proteins for TNR Gene

  • Protein details for TNR Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92752-TENR_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Tenascin-R
    Protein Accession:
    Q92752
    Secondary Accessions:
    • C9J563
    • Q15568
    • Q5R3G0

    Protein attributes for TNR Gene

    Size:
    1358 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    149562 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms oligomers. Interacts with CNTN1, TNC, and FN1. Interacts with BCAN and ACAN in a calcium-dependent manner. Interacts with SCN2B, PTPRZ1, and CSPG3 (By similarity).

    Alternative splice isoforms for TNR Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TNR Gene

Post-translational modifications for TNR Gene

  • Contains N-linked oligosaccharides, O-linked sialylated structures and O-linked chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans. Contains N-linked oligosaccharides with a sulfated carbohydrate structure (By similarity). O-glycosylated on Thr-36 or Thr-37 with a core 1 or possibly core 8 glycan.
  • Glycosylation at Thr36, Thr37, Asn55, Asn180, Asn198, Asn278, Asn392, Asn470, Asn581, Asn874, Asn791, Asn1036, Asn1046, and Asn1261
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TNR Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TNR Gene

Domains & Families for TNR Gene

Gene Families for TNR Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for TNR Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
  • Fibrinogen, beta/gamma chain, C-terminal globular
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TNR Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • TNR protein (A1L306_HUMAN)
  • Tenascin R (Restrictin, janusin) (Q5R3G1_HUMAN)
  • Restrictin (TENR_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92752

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TENR_HUMAN :
  • The EGF-like domains mediate interaction with CNTN1. The fibronectin type-III domains 3-5 mediate interaction with BCAN. The fibronectin type-III domains 1-2 and 7-9 mediate interaction with SCN2B (By similarity).
  • Belongs to the tenascin family.
Domain:
  • The EGF-like domains mediate interaction with CNTN1. The fibronectin type-III domains 3-5 mediate interaction with BCAN. The fibronectin type-III domains 1-2 and 7-9 mediate interaction with SCN2B (By similarity).
Family:
  • Belongs to the tenascin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TNR: view

Function for TNR Gene

Molecular function for TNR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Neural extracellular matrix (ECM) protein involved in interactions with different cells and matrix components. These interactions can influence cellular behavior by either evoking a stable adhesion and differentiation, or repulsion and inhibition of neurite growth. Binding to cell surface gangliosides inhibits RGD-dependent integrin-mediated cell adhesion and results in an inhibition of PTK2/FAK1 (FAK) phosphorylation and cell detachment. Binding to membrane surface sulfatides results in a oligodendrocyte adhesion and differentiation. Interaction with CNTN1 induces a repulsion of neurons and an inhibition of neurite outgrowth. Interacts with SCN2B may play a crucial role in clustering and regulation of activity of sodium channels at nodes of Ranvier. TNR-linked chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans are involved in the interaction with FN1 and mediate inhibition of cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth. The highly regulated addition of sulfated carbohydrate structure may modulate the adhesive properties of TNR over the course of development and during synapse maintenance (By similarity).
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
tenascin-R,extracellular neural recognition molecule,expressed in glia and some neuronal subtypes,including horizontal cells in retina,putative ortholog of mouse loop-tail,interacting with fibronectin-dependent cell attachment and interaction,inhibitor of CD3-mediated T cell interaction

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TNR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TNR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005102 signaling receptor binding IBA 21873635
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNR: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TNR: view

Animal Models for TNR Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TNR:
  • Tnr Tnr<tm1Msch>

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for TNR

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TNR Gene

Localization for TNR Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNR Gene

Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TNR gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 0

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TNR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA 21873635
GO:0009986 cell surface IEA --
GO:0031012 extracellular matrix IEA --
GO:0045121 membrane raft IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNR: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TNR Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TNR Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TNR: view

Pathways by source for TNR Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for TNR Gene
2 Reactome pathways for TNR Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for TNR Gene
  • Cell adhesion_Cell-matrix glycoconjugates

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TNR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007155 cell adhesion NAS,IBA 21873635
GO:0007158 neuron cell-cell adhesion IEA --
GO:0007411 axon guidance NAS 8940128
GO:0008306 associative learning IEA --
GO:0010977 negative regulation of neuron projection development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNR: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TNR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TNR Gene

(4) Drugs for TNR Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Calcium Nutra 6556

(3) Additional Compounds for TNR Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
sodium
  • Na(+)
  • Na+
  • SODIUM ion
7440-23-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TNR: view

Transcripts for TNR Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TNR Gene

2 REFSEQ mRNAs :
8 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for TNR

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TNR Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TNR Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TNR

Expression for TNR Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for TNR Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TNR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x6.7), Brain - Amygdala (x6.3), Brain - Hippocampus (x5.3), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.3), Brain - Substantia nigra (x4.6), and Brain - Hypothalamus (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TNR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (30.1), Frontal cortex (22.7), and Spinal cord (11.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for TNR Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TNR Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for TNR

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TNR Gene:

Hs.659864

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TNR Gene:

Q92752-TENR_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Brain specific.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TNR Gene

  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Eye(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TNR: view

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TNR Gene

Orthologs for TNR Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TNR Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TNR 30 31
  • 99.46 (n)
OneToOne
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 31
  • 91 (a)
OneToMany
-- 31
  • 84 (a)
OneToMany
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TNR 30 31
  • 90.38 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TNR 30 31
  • 89.81 (n)
OneToOne
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tnr 30 17 31
  • 88.27 (n)
OneToOne
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TNR 31
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tnr 30
  • 87.48 (n)
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TNR 30 31
  • 75.66 (n)
OneToOne
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TNR 31
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tnr 30
  • 64.68 (n)
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tnr 30 31
  • 63.84 (n)
OneToOne
-- 30
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5550 32
  • 42 (a)
CG1889 32
  • 41 (a)
CG1791 32
  • 40 (a)
CG30280 32
  • 38 (a)
CG30281 32
  • 38 (a)
sca 32
  • 36 (a)
CG9500 32
  • 34 (a)
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 31
  • 45 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for TNR was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TNR Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TNR (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TNR (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for TNR: view image

Paralogs for TNR Gene

(11) SIMAP similar genes for TNR Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

  • TENR_HUMAN
  • A1L306_HUMAN
  • H0Y668_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TNR: view

Variants for TNR Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for TNR Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
691951 Pathogenic: Non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder with spasticity and transient opisthotonus 175,362,804(-) G/A NONSENSE
691952 Pathogenic: Non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder with spasticity and transient opisthotonus 175,362,771(-) TCA/T FRAMESHIFT_VARIANT
691953 Pathogenic: Non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder with spasticity and transient opisthotonus 175,335,768(-) G/A MISSENSE_VARIANT
691954 Pathogenic: Non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder with spasticity and transient opisthotonus 175,379,615(-) CA/C FRAMESHIFT_VARIANT
691955 Pathogenic: Non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder with spasticity and transient opisthotonus 175,406,508(-) G/C NONSENSE,FIVE_PRIME_UTR_VARIANT

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for TNR Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TNR Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv466n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv637n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv1005191 CNV deletion 20482838
esv1283541 CNV deletion 17803354
esv21661 CNV loss 19812545
esv2670531 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2719629 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719640 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719651 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719662 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2719673 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2764232 CNV gain 21179565
esv33328 CNV gain 17666407
esv3333604 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3578278 CNV loss 25503493
esv3578279 CNV loss 25503493
esv3578280 CNV loss 25503493
esv3578281 CNV loss 25503493
esv3587986 CNV loss 21293372
esv3587988 CNV loss 21293372
esv3587989 CNV gain 21293372
esv3587991 CNV gain 21293372
esv3587992 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1127043 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1145382 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1159767 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv159978 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv3633 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv3644 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv466072 CNV gain 19166990
nsv473139 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv508659 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv517137 CNV loss 19592680
nsv524232 CNV loss 19592680
nsv527256 CNV gain 19592680
nsv528975 CNV gain 19592680
nsv831948 CNV loss 17160897
nsv831959 CNV gain 17160897
nsv955456 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for TNR Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 44.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.36; 63.38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TNR Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TNR
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TNR

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNR Gene

Disorders for TNR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TNR Gene - From: GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TNR in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for TNR

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TNR: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TNR Gene

Publications for TNR Gene

  1. Human tenascin-R. Complete primary structure, pre-mRNA alternative splicing and gene localization on chromosome 1q23-q24. (PMID: 8626505) Carnemolla B … Zardi L (The Journal of biological chemistry 1996) 2 3 4 23
  2. Association of the NPAS3 gene and five other loci with response to the antipsychotic iloperidone identified in a whole genome association study. (PMID: 18521090) Lavedan C … Polymeropoulos MH (Molecular psychiatry 2009) 3 23 41
  3. Parallel genotyping of 10,204 single nucleotide polymorphisms to screen for susceptible genes for IgA nephropathy. (PMID: 19890582) Woo KT … Chan CM (Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 2009) 3 23 41
  4. The human tenascin-R gene. (PMID: 8940128) Leprini A … Zardi L (The Journal of biological chemistry 1996) 2 3 23
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 41

Products for TNR Gene

  • Boster Bio Antibodies for TNR
  • Boster Bio ELISA Kits for TNR
  • Signalway ELISA kits for TNR
  • Signalway Proteins for TNR

Sources for TNR Gene