Aliases for TNPO3 Gene
External Ids for TNPO3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for TNPO3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNPO3 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear import receptor for serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins such as the splicing factors SFRS1 and SFRS2. The encoded protein has also been shown to be involved in HIV-1 infection, apparently through interaction with the HIV-1 capsid protein. Several protein-coding and non-coding transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2020]
GeneCards Summary for TNPO3 Gene
TNPO3 (Transportin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TNPO3 include Muscular Dystrophy, Limb-Girdle, Autosomal Dominant 2 and Muscular Dystrophy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding. An important paralog of this gene is IPO13.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TNPO3 Gene
Importin, which transports target proteins into the nucleus (PubMed:10366588, PubMed:10713112, PubMed:11517331, PubMed:12628928, PubMed:24449914). Specifically mediates the nuclear import of splicing factor serine/arginine (SR) proteins, such as RBM4, SFRS1 and SFRS2, by recognizing phosphorylated SR domains (PubMed:10366588, PubMed:10713112, PubMed:11517331, PubMed:12628928, PubMed:24449914). Also mediates the nuclear import of serine/arginine (SR) protein CPSF6, independently of CPSF6 phosphorylation (PubMed:30916345, PubMed:31465518). The nuclear import process is regulated by the small GTPase Ran that partitions between cytoplasm and nucleus in the predominantly GDP- and GTP-bound form, respectively (PubMed:23878195, PubMed:24449914). Importin associates with target cargo proteins in the cytoplasm, and the competitive binding of GTP-bound Ran induces the release of cargos in the nucleus (PubMed:23878195, PubMed:24449914).
(Microbial infection) Involved in immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection by importing the pre-integration complex (PIC) into the nucleus (PubMed:18722123, PubMed:21901095, PubMed:22398280, PubMed:29329553). Required for a nuclear maturation step of HIV-1 prior to integration (PubMed:21901095, PubMed:22398280).